Sparta is located in south Illinois. Sparta is between the Randolph, Perry county. Sparta has 11.17 square miles of land area and 0.27 square miles of water area. As of 2010-2014, the total Sparta population is 4,338, which has shrunk 3.30% since 2000. The population growth rate is much lower than the state average rate of 3.62% and is much lower than the national average rate of 11.61%. Sparta median household income is $40,972 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 20.02% since 2000. The income growth rate is lower than the state average rate of 22.70% and is lower than the national average rate of 27.36%. Sparta median house value is $76,900 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 34.21% since 2000. The house value growth rate is about the same as the state average rate of 34.33% and is lower than the national average rate of 46.91%. As a reference, the national Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation rate for the same period is 26.63%. On average, the public school district that covers Sparta is worse than the state average in quality. The Sparta area code is 618.