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Salem, AL Natural Disasters and Weather Extremes

 
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The chance of earthquake damage in Salem is about the same as Alabama average and is much lower than the national average. The risk of tornado damage in Salem is much lower than Alabama average and is higher than the national average.

Topics:Earthquake IndexVolcano IndexTornado IndexOther Weather Extremes EventsVolcanos NearbyHistorical Earthquake EventsHistorical Tornado Events

Earthquake Index, #221

Salem, AL
0.07
Alabama
0.08
U.S.
1.81

The earthquake index value is calculated based on historical earthquake events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the earthquake level in a region. A higher earthquake index value means a higher chance of an earthquake.

Volcano Index, #1

Salem, AL
0.0000
Alabama
0.0000
U.S.
0.0023

The volcano index value is calculated based on the currently known volcanoes using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the possibility of a region being affected by a possible volcano eruption. A higher volcano index value means a higher chance of being affected.

Tornado Index, #571

Salem, AL
178.89
Alabama
255.80
U.S.
136.45

The tornado index value is calculated based on historical tornado events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the tornado level in a region. A higher tornado index value means a higher chance of tornado events.

Other Weather Extremes Events

A total of 2,519 other weather extremes events within 50 miles of Salem, AL were recorded from 1950 to 2010. The following is a break down of these events:

TypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCount
Avalanche:0Blizzard:0Cold:26Dense Fog:2Drought:66
Dust Storm:0Flood:113Hail:787Heat:17Heavy Snow:28
High Surf:0Hurricane:4Ice Storm:17Landslide:0Strong Wind:30
Thunderstorm Winds:1,237Tropical Storm:10Wildfire:3Winter Storm:20Winter Weather:32
Other:127 

Volcanos Nearby

No volcano is found in or near Salem, AL.

Historical Earthquake Events

No historical earthquake events that had recorded magnitudes of 3.5 or above found in or near Salem, AL.

No historical earthquake events found in or near Salem, AL.

Historical Tornado Events

A total of 54 historical tornado events that had recorded magnitude of 2 or above found in or near Salem, AL.

Distance (miles)DateMagnitudeStart Lat/LogEnd Lat/LogLengthWidthFatalitiesInjuriesProperty DamageCrop DamageAffected County
2.22009-02-28232°35'N / 85°15'W32°36'N / 85°07'W8.00 Miles500 Yards031.1M0KLee
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: The tornado touched down southwest of the community of Salem. It then moved just north of due east, crossing US-280 and several smaller county roads, before lifting at CR-379. Winds estimated at 125-130 mph destroyed 6 mobile homes and 4 site built homes, badly damaged 8 homes, and caused minor damage to 9 others. Two area businesses were destroyed, one other received minor damage, and one school building was damaged. Hundreds of trees were snapped off and uprooted, and one 18-wheeler was overturned. There were three minor injuries reported, only one that required hospitalization. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A slow moving cold front brought an extended period of severe weather and heavy rain, that lasted about 24 hours. The storms produced damaging winds, large hail, flooding rains, and at least 4 tornadoes.
2.51975-01-10232°36'N / 85°14'W002.5M0Lee
4.91953-04-18332°36'N / 85°35'W32°30'N / 85°00'W34.70 Miles33 Yards61952.5M0Lee
7.61954-12-05332°41'N / 85°25'W32°40'N / 85°05'W19.40 Miles100 Yards04250K0Lee
8.41964-12-26232°27'N / 85°11'W0025K0Russell
9.11984-05-03232°31'N / 85°04'W0.40 Mile100 Yards01250K0Lee
9.31954-12-05232°27'N / 85°17'W0025K0Russell
10.41980-04-13232°36'N / 85°27'W32°41'N / 85°17'W11.30 Miles440 Yards0132.5M0Lee
10.51963-04-30232°27'N / 85°12'W32°27'N / 85°00'W11.70 Miles33 Yards0025K0Russell
11.01991-03-29232°28'N / 85°04'W2.00 Miles300 Yards0162.5M0Russell
13.01978-05-01232°28'N / 85°03'W32°29'N / 84°59'W4.30 Miles150 Yards04250K0Russell
14.02009-04-19232°27'N / 85°01'W32°28'N / 85°00'W1.00 Mile250 Yards00500K0KRussell
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: The tornado touched down near the intersection of 22nd Avenue and 17th Street in Phenix City. It then traveled northeast through the south end of Phenix City, and crossed the Chattahoochee River and moved into Muscogee County Georgia. Five businesses sustained major damage, and seven homes received varying degrees of roof damage. At least 100 and as many as 200 trees were snapped or uprooted. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A powerful spring storm system and associated cold front brought numerous thunderstorms to central Alabama. Many of the storms produced large hail, damaging winds, and tornadoes.
14.71961-03-31332°26'N / 85°02'W32°27'N / 84°59'W3.00 Miles167 Yards0725K0Russell
15.61953-04-18332°30'N / 85°00'W32°29'N / 84°55'W5.10 Miles400 Yards230025.0M0Muscogee
15.81961-03-31332°27'N / 84°59'W32°31'N / 84°56'W5.20 Miles33 Yards0025K0Muscogee
16.42007-03-01232°29'N / 85°00'W32°34'N / 84°52'W9.00 Miles300 Yards0128.0M0KMuscogee
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: A survey conducted by the National Weather Service in Peachtree City and the National Weather Service in Calera, Alabama, concluded that an EF2 tornado, that originated in Russell county, Alabama, tracked across northwest and north central Muscogee county. The tornado first touched down in extreme northeast Russell county, Alabama about three miles from the Georgia border, then crossed into extreme southeast Lee county, Alabama, and then entered Georgia as it moved across the north end of Lake Oliver, about 1.5 miles west-southwest of Green Island Hills. The tornado continued to travel east-northeast across north Muscogee county, including the north suburbs of Columbus (Green Island Hills, Brookstone, Autumn Ridge, Hamilton Station, and Old Moon Road), before finally lifting three miles west of Midland in north central Muscogee county. The overall tornado path length was approximately 12 miles, with about nine miles of the tornado path within Georgia. The maximum path width was 300 yards. The heaviest damage occurred in the 6200 block of Brookstone Boulevard just north of U.S. Highway 80 in the northwest part of Columbus. Several homes in this area suffered heavy damage and at least one injury was confirmed. In addition, several commercial buildings on Veterans Parkway sustained substantial structural damage. Windows were blown out, large air conditioning units were tossed about, large metal business signs were blown down, and power poles were twisted and blown down. The Hawthorn Suites on North Lake Parkway was destroyed from roof and water damage. Nearby, the Ramada Inn under construction also suffered considerable damage while a nearby Holiday Inn Express sustained minor damage. In addition, several churches, including Wynnbrook Baptist, Saint Mark's United Methodist, and Old Moon Road Churches were heavily damaged. Hundreds of trees were down in the area, a number of which fell on parked cars. Many power lines were down and thousands were left without power, some for over a day. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A major, negatively tilted and closed upper trough rotated through the mid-south and southeast U.S. on March 1st. A 150kt jet was located over the region at 250mb with a strong 50kt low-level jet from central Alabama into central Tennessee. A wedge of cool air was present over much of north central and northeast Georgia. Rain, which spread over this area early in the day, helped enhance the wedge of cool air. Little to no severe weather was noted north of the wedge boundary across north Georgia where the air mass remained relatively cool and stable. Meanwhile...a warm, humid air mass was present across much of central and south Georgia where dewpoints had risen well into the 60s during the afternoon. The strong upper dynamics present over this region combined with the instability just south of the wedge provided a very favorable environment for long lived, strong tornadoes. A total of 14 tornadoes affecting 17 counties tracked across central and east central Georgia and within the Peachtree City, Georgia county warning area during the late afternoon and evening hours of March 1st. This was the second greatest number of tornadoes recorded to have occurred in the Peachtree City, Georgia forecast area within a 24-hour period, second only to the 16 tornadoes, affecting 18 counties, associated with Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005. The March 1st tornadoes spanned an area from Stewart county in the far southwest part of the county warning area to Warren county in the far east central portion of the county warning area. The first tornado touched down in Stewart county at 4:11 pm EST and the last tornado lifted in Marion county at 10:55 pm EST. By far the hardest hit county was Sumter county, and especially the city of Americus, where hundreds of homes and business, including the regional hospital, were heavily damaged or destroyed. Additional tornadoes were reported further south in Tallahassee and Jacksonville's, Florida's forecast areas. Federal disaster assistance had been approved for 1,836 households across the state for a total of $14.2 million. Another $5.8 million had been approved for public assistance of debris removal and to repair infrastructure. The Small Business Association also approved $7 million in disaster assistance loans. Overall damages, however, are estimated to be several hundred million. Substantial rainfall fell across much of the state, but rainfall amounts of three to five inches were common across central and east central areas. The heaviest rainfall fell in the Hancock, Putnam, and Baldwin county areas, where some spots received in excess of six inches of rain. Some flooding was reported in these areas.
18.01961-02-24232°14'N / 85°24'W32°23'N / 85°00'W25.60 Miles33 Yards0425K0Russell
18.21970-03-19332°50'N / 85°12'W2.00 Miles200 Yards214250K0Chambers
18.41978-05-01232°29'N / 84°59'W32°30'N / 84°50'W8.90 Miles150 Yards032.5M0Muscogee
18.91970-04-19232°39'N / 84°54'W0.50 Mile100 Yards0125K0Harris
19.11954-03-13332°20'N / 85°02'W32°21'N / 85°01'W1.90 Miles880 Yards0025K0Russell
19.31970-03-20232°40'N / 84°54'W2.00 Miles100 Yards0125K0Harris
20.01954-03-13332°21'N / 85°01'W32°22'N / 84°56'W5.10 Miles600 Yards22025.0M0Chattahoochee
21.71974-04-02232°53'N / 85°14'W0025K0Chambers
22.61954-12-05332°40'N / 85°05'W32°52'N / 84°43'W24.80 Miles200 Yards01250K0Harris
24.11984-05-03232°26'N / 85°37'W32°26'N / 85°34'W3.50 Miles100 Yards00250K0Macon
24.51981-04-01332°15'N / 85°24'W32°15'N / 85°23'W22325.0M0Russell
24.51972-01-10232°44'N / 85°35'W32°47'N / 85°33'W4.50 Miles50 Yards0025K0Chambers
25.41961-05-09232°56'N / 85°09'W0.80 Mile50 Yards0025K0Troup
31.71989-03-05232°54'N / 85°31'W33°06'N / 85°17'W15.00 Miles100 Yards002.5M0Chambers
32.52008-02-17232°05'N / 85°09'W32°08'N / 85°03'W8.00 Miles1000 Yards04120K0KRussell
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: The tornado touched down near the intersection of US Highway 431 and CR-51 in the southern portion of the county. It then tracked northeastward to the Chattahoochee River near the Cottonton community, before crossing the river into Georgia. The most significant damage was located near CR-12. At least two mobile homes were destroyed and two frame houses received significant damage. Numerous trees were either snapped off or were uprooted along the path. At least one vehicle was flipped over. Four injuries were reported. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A broken squall line, sparked by an advancing cold front and strong upper level storm, caused severe thunderstorms and tornadoes across Central Alabama.
33.21975-01-10232°18'N / 85°41'W1.00 Mile100 Yards09250K0Macon
38.11954-12-05332°52'N / 84°43'W32°52'N / 84°36'W6.80 Miles100 Yards02250K0Meriwether
38.32008-05-11233°04'N / 84°55'W33°04'N / 84°55'W1.00 Mile150 Yards0080K0KTroup
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: A storm survey conducted by the National Weather Service in Peachtree City, Georgia confirmed that an EF2 tornado touched down approximately one mile south of Louise or 5.5 miles northeast of LaGrange in northeast Troup county. This was just one of 15 tornadoes that affected the central portion of Georgia early on Mother's Day 2008 and the first of two tornadoes, within the same parent thunderstorm, to touch down in Troup county. The tornado touched down near the intersection of U.S. Highway 29 and Willowwood Road. The tornado tracked approximately 1 mile to the east-northeast to a point less than one mile east-southeast of Louise. The path width was approximately 150 yards wide. Three homes were damaged, a well house was destroyed, and numerous large trees were snapped in half along the path of the tornado. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A stationary front was draped across north Georgia early on May 10th with an active northwest flow aloft. Meanwhile...a vigorous short wave aloft was approaching the area from the southern plains. The stationary front provided the focus for two rounds of showers and thunderstorms, one early in the morning on the 10th and another in the afternoon. The activity tracked east-southeast with the upper flow aloft, mainly across north Georgia during the early morning and across central Georgia during the afternoon. An isolated strong supercell also tracked across the southern part of central Georgia during the evening. After a lull of convective activity for about four hours, intense multicell thunderstorms tracked into the area from Alabama after midnight and before dawn on the 11th. As these thunderstorms tracked across west central and central Georgia, 15 tornadoes were identified by subsequent surveys making this the most significant tornado outbreak to affect the area since the Katrina-associated tornadoes on August 29, 2005. Millions of dollars of property damage were reported as many homes were destroyed from these tornadoes from the western and southern suburbs of Atlanta southeastward across Macon, Dublin, and other counties in east central and southeast Georgia. Many of these counties were eligible for disaster assistance from the federal government. In addition to the tornadoes and thunderstorm winds that caused extensive damage in dozens of counties across north and central Georgia during the early morning hours of May 11th, strong gradient winds developed on the back side of the strong cold front that moved through the area as low pressure intensified across the mid-Atlantic region. The strong winds combined with wet ground resulted in dozens of trees being blown down in some north Georgia counties. There were also two deaths as a result of downed trees in Barrow and Gwinnett county, all non-thunderstorm-related winds.
39.01989-03-05233°06'N / 85°17'W33°10'N / 85°14'W0.50 Mile100 Yards002.5M0Randolph
41.31956-12-23232°25'N / 86°01'W32°36'N / 85°49'W17.30 Miles100 Yards000K0Elmore
42.01979-11-25232°44'N / 85°54'W33°04'N / 85°44'W25.00 Miles60 Yards02250K0Tallapoosa
42.01979-11-25232°43'N / 85°55'W32°44'N / 85°54'W1.90 Miles60 Yards00250K0Elmore
42.02008-05-11233°06'N / 84°53'W33°07'N / 84°52'W2.00 Miles300 Yards0050K0KTroup
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: A survey conducted by the National Weather Service Forecast Office in Peachtree City, Georgia confirmed that a second tornado touched down in Troup county. This was spawned by the same thunderstorm that earlier spawned the first tornado south of Louise. This second tornado was also rated an EF2, touching down initially 4.5 south-southeast of Hogansville along the 1100 block of Perkins Road. The tornado tracked about one mile east-northeast across Troup county before crossing into Meriwether county. At the point of the initial touchdown on Perkins Road, a house was damaged and two trucks were destroyed as they were lifted up and tossed approximately 50 feet. Just before the tornado crossed into Meriwether county, near the intersection of Perkins Road and Duchesne Lane along the Troup/Meriwether county line, it completly lifted the roof off a brick home and partially destroyed a cinder block outbuilding. The path length within Troup county was approximately one mile with a maximum path width of 300 yards. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A stationary front was draped across north Georgia early on May 10th with an active northwest flow aloft. Meanwhile...a vigorous short wave aloft was approaching the area from the southern plains. The stationary front provided the focus for two rounds of showers and thunderstorms, one early in the morning on the 10th and another in the afternoon. The activity tracked east-southeast with the upper flow aloft, mainly across north Georgia during the early morning and across central Georgia during the afternoon. An isolated strong supercell also tracked across the southern part of central Georgia during the evening. After a lull of convective activity for about four hours, intense multicell thunderstorms tracked into the area from Alabama after midnight and before dawn on the 11th. As these thunderstorms tracked across west central and central Georgia, 15 tornadoes were identified by subsequent surveys making this the most significant tornado outbreak to affect the area since the Katrina-associated tornadoes on August 29, 2005. Millions of dollars of property damage were reported as many homes were destroyed from these tornadoes from the western and southern suburbs of Atlanta southeastward across Macon, Dublin, and other counties in east central and southeast Georgia. Many of these counties were eligible for disaster assistance from the federal government. In addition to the tornadoes and thunderstorm winds that caused extensive damage in dozens of counties across north and central Georgia during the early morning hours of May 11th, strong gradient winds developed on the back side of the strong cold front that moved through the area as low pressure intensified across the mid-Atlantic region. The strong winds combined with wet ground resulted in dozens of trees being blown down in some north Georgia counties. There were also two deaths as a result of downed trees in Barrow and Gwinnett county, all non-thunderstorm-related winds.
42.61954-12-05231°58'N / 84°57'W32°09'N / 84°39'W21.60 Miles100 Yards120250K0Stewart
43.22008-05-11233°06'N / 84°51'W33°07'N / 84°49'W2.00 Miles300 Yards0030K0KMeriwether
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: A damage survey conducted by the National Weather Service Forecast Office in Peachtree City, Georgia confirmed that the tornado, that originally touched down in northeastern Troup county, continued into Meriwether county. The EF2 tornado entered Meriwether county a little over two miles west-southwest of Saint Marks and tracked to a point approximately 9.25 miles northwest of Greenville along Saint Marks Road, approximately 3.67 miles northeast of Saint Marks. The tornado tracked a little over two miles within Meriwether county with a maximum path width of 300 yards. Many trees were snapped or uprooted along the path of the tornado. Structural damage was confined to one shed, which was destroyed, and minor roof damage to several homes in the Saint Marks area and east-northeastward toward U.S. Highway 27. Some of this later damage may have been caused by straight-line winds. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A stationary front was draped across north Georgia early on May 10th with an active northwest flow aloft. Meanwhile...a vigorous short wave aloft was approaching the area from the southern plains. The stationary front provided the focus for two rounds of showers and thunderstorms, one early in the morning on the 10th and another in the afternoon. The activity tracked east-southeast with the upper flow aloft, mainly across north Georgia during the early morning and across central Georgia during the afternoon. An isolated strong supercell also tracked across the southern part of central Georgia during the evening. After a lull of convective activity for about four hours, intense multicell thunderstorms tracked into the area from Alabama after midnight and before dawn on the 11th. As these thunderstorms tracked across west central and central Georgia, 15 tornadoes were identified by subsequent surveys making this the most significant tornado outbreak to affect the area since the Katrina-associated tornadoes on August 29, 2005. Millions of dollars of property damage were reported as many homes were destroyed from these tornadoes from the western and southern suburbs of Atlanta southeastward across Macon, Dublin, and other counties in east central and southeast Georgia. Many of these counties were eligible for disaster assistance from the federal government. In addition to the tornadoes and thunderstorm winds that caused extensive damage in dozens of counties across north and central Georgia during the early morning hours of May 11th, strong gradient winds developed on the back side of the strong cold front that moved through the area as low pressure intensified across the mid-Atlantic region. The strong winds combined with wet ground resulted in dozens of trees being blown down in some north Georgia counties. There were also two deaths as a result of downed trees in Barrow and Gwinnett county, all non-thunderstorm-related winds.
43.31961-04-09232°03'N / 84°48'W32°05'N / 84°44'W4.90 Miles300 Yards000K0Stewart
43.61954-12-05232°18'N / 84°35'W32°20'N / 84°28'W7.40 Miles150 Yards0725K0Marion
43.91954-12-05231°56'N / 85°23'W31°56'N / 85°05'W17.50 Miles100 Yards033K0Barbour
44.01953-04-18232°19'N / 84°31'W0.20 Mile700 Yards02250K0Marion
44.21954-12-05231°56'N / 85°05'W31°58'N / 84°57'W8.20 Miles100 Yards00250K0Quitman
44.51953-04-30232°20'N / 84°30'W0.30 Mile20 Yards0325K0Marion
44.81996-03-18332°39'N / 86°01'W32°44'N / 85°55'W10.00 Miles440 Yards00700K50KElmore
 Brief Description: A tornado began on the northeast side of Eclectic and extended for 10 miles in Elmore County crossing the Elmore-Tallapoosa county line just east of Highway 63. The tornado continued for another 14 miles in Tallapoosa County crossing Lake Martin and ending on the north side of Jacksons Gap not far from where a tornado had occurred earlier in the evening. This was classified as an F3 tornado with a total damage path of 24 miles with a width of a quarter of a mile at the widest. Numerous buildings of all types were damaged along the track. Some of the most intense damage occurred as the tornado emerged from crossing Lake Martin in the Peckerwood area just southwest of Jacksons Gap. Numerous permanent homes and mobile homes were seriously damaged or destroyed.
45.51954-12-05232°09'N / 84°39'W32°10'N / 84°33'W6.20 Miles100 Yards08250K0Webster
47.61973-05-27233°15'N / 85°05'W0.80 Mile100 Yards002.5M0Heard
48.11976-03-12332°37'N / 86°04'W32°39'N / 86°00'W4.90 Miles400 Yards0152.5M0Elmore
48.61989-03-05233°10'N / 85°14'W33°22'N / 84°58'W20.00 Miles167 Yards102.5M0Heard
49.11974-01-26333°08'N / 85°28'W33°24'N / 85°17'W21.30 Miles150 Yards17250K0Randolph
49.11969-04-18432°13'N / 86°00'W32°13'N / 85°53'W6.80 Miles500 Yards03250K0Bullock


* The information on this page is based on the global volcano database, the U.S. earthquake database of 1638-1985, and the U.S. Tornado and Weather Extremes database of 1950-2010.


 
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