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Purmela, TX Natural Disasters and Weather Extremes

 
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The chance of earthquake damage in Purmela is about the same as Texas average and is much lower than the national average. The risk of tornado damage in Purmela is lower than Texas average and is higher than the national average.

Topics:Earthquake IndexVolcano IndexTornado IndexOther Weather Extremes EventsVolcanos NearbyHistorical Earthquake EventsHistorical Tornado Events

Earthquake Index, #1466

Purmela, TX
0.00
Texas
0.04
U.S.
1.81

The earthquake index value is calculated based on historical earthquake events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the earthquake level in a region. A higher earthquake index value means a higher chance of an earthquake.

Volcano Index, #1

Purmela, TX
0.0000
Texas
0.0000
U.S.
0.0023

The volcano index value is calculated based on the currently known volcanoes using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the possibility of a region being affected by a possible volcano eruption. A higher volcano index value means a higher chance of being affected.

Tornado Index, #1288

Purmela, TX
146.73
Texas
208.58
U.S.
136.45

The tornado index value is calculated based on historical tornado events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the tornado level in a region. A higher tornado index value means a higher chance of tornado events.

Other Weather Extremes Events

A total of 2,794 other weather extremes events within 50 miles of Purmela, TX were recorded from 1950 to 2010. The following is a break down of these events:

TypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCount
Avalanche:0Blizzard:0Cold:5Dense Fog:0Drought:39
Dust Storm:0Flood:413Hail:1,299Heat:5Heavy Snow:6
High Surf:0Hurricane:0Ice Storm:9Landslide:0Strong Wind:6
Thunderstorm Winds:944Tropical Storm:0Wildfire:2Winter Storm:13Winter Weather:10
Other:43 

Volcanos Nearby

No volcano is found in or near Purmela, TX.

Historical Earthquake Events

No historical earthquake events that had recorded magnitudes of 3.5 or above found in or near Purmela, TX.

No historical earthquake events found in or near Purmela, TX.

Historical Tornado Events

A total of 60 historical tornado events that had recorded magnitude of 2 or above found in or near Purmela, TX.

Distance (miles)DateMagnitudeStart Lat/LogEnd Lat/LogLengthWidthFatalitiesInjuriesProperty DamageCrop DamageAffected County
14.61991-04-28231°40'N / 98°07'W0.20 Mile10 Yards00250K0Hamilton
20.31956-03-21231°17'N / 97°44'W0.80 Mile33 Yards0025K0Coryell
24.91976-04-20231°08'N / 97°55'W0.10 Mile33 Yards000K0Coryell
24.91977-09-15231°08'N / 97°55'W0025K0Coryell
26.61973-05-24231°19'N / 98°23'W2.50 Miles250 Yards0025K0Lampasas
27.31971-05-09231°43'N / 97°36'W0.10 Mile67 Yards000K0Bosque
27.71998-10-17231°25'N / 97°31'W31°25'N / 97°31'W0.10 Mile20 Yards0050K0Coryell
 Brief Description: Two brick homes were destroyed and large trees were uprooted when a narrow tornado touched down briefly.
28.91979-04-10231°45'N / 98°22'W31°54'N / 98°11'W15.00 Miles200 Yards0025K0Comanche
29.31976-04-15231°26'N / 97°31'W31°30'N / 97°27'W5.90 Miles33 Yards000K0Mclennan
29.61963-04-28231°07'N / 97°44'W0.50 Mile50 Yards0325K0Bell
31.11957-05-12231°36'N / 97°28'W1.00 Mile30 Yards003K0Mclennan
32.21952-04-21431°30'N / 97°27'W31°29'N / 97°25'W2.30 Miles200 Yards0025K0Mclennan
32.41979-04-11231°54'N / 98°11'W31°59'N / 98°04'W9.00 Miles200 Yards03250K0Hamilton
33.51976-05-25231°40'N / 97°28'W31°38'N / 97°25'W4.10 Miles33 Yards0025K0Bosque
33.71978-04-30231°52'N / 97°37'W003K0Bosque
33.81976-05-26231°06'N / 97°38'W000K0Bell
33.92001-10-12231°41'N / 97°27'W31°41'N / 97°27'W4.20 Miles150 Yards00100K0Mclennan
 Brief Description: The first tornado to hit the county touched down 2.5 miles southwest of Valley Mills, then moved east northeast and dissipated 1.5 miles east of Valley Mills. The most significant damage was to a frame house near the beginning of the damage path. There was also damage to house roofs and mobile homes along Cap Fiske Road, Highway 317, and near Highway 6 on the southern edge of Valley Mills. Showers and thunderstorms developed across north Texas, mainly in the afternoon and night resulting in widespread severe weather, during the period October 10-13. The most significant event occured during the late afternoon and night of October 12, as a line of severe thunderstorms moved east across north texas producing eight tornadoes, and nearly two million dollars in damage.
35.01980-06-20231°50'N / 97°33'W31°48'N / 97°30'W4.30 Miles100 Yards01250K0Bosque
35.01976-05-25231°38'N / 97°25'W31°30'N / 97°22'W9.70 Miles33 Yards0025K0Mclennan
35.11982-05-12231°32'N / 98°34'W31°38'N / 98°34'W6.00 Miles100 Yards0025K0Mills
35.31975-05-07231°05'N / 97°37'W02250K0Bell
35.71976-05-26231°13'N / 97°28'W0.10 Mile33 Yards000K0Bell
35.71973-05-06531°38'N / 97°29'W31°44'N / 97°21'W10.60 Miles100 Yards000K0Mclennan
36.01976-05-26331°08'N / 97°32'W2.00 Miles100 Yards272.5M0Bell
36.61976-05-26231°01'N / 97°42'W000K0Bell
36.92006-12-29231°46'N / 97°30'W31°52'N / 97°28'W7.00 Miles300 Yards00400K0KBosque
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: The National Weather Service in Fort Worth conducted a damage survey and concluded a tornado formed east of Clifton. The tornado took a northeast track and went on to damage trees along CR 3355 just south of FM 708. The tornado also heavily damaged a turkey farm at the intersection of CR 3355 and FM 708. Debris from the turkey farm was scattered over a quarter mile northeast of the farm. The tornado continued northeast and heavily damaged two barns on CR 3440 south of the Womack community. Trees and fences were damaged along CR 3410 and CR 3415 just south and east of Womack. The tornado then crossed FM 219 east of Womack and dissipated near the intersection of FM 219 and Highway 22. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A rare winter tornado outbreak occurred on December 29 over portions of North Texas, spawning almost two dozen tornadoes. Very high shear and low instability created an environment favorable for tornadoes. A strong surface low pressure system and warm front located in southern North Texas increased the probablitity for low-level rotation. In addition to tornadoes, severe reports of large hail and flash flooding were widespread.
37.11997-05-27331°10'N / 97°28'W31°07'N / 97°32'W1.40 Miles275 Yards00900K0Bell
 Brief Description: The fourth tornado that was produced by the large supercell thunderstorm developed on the north side of Lake Belton, near Morgans Point where a marina was destroyed. Over 100 boats at the marina were destroyed by the strong tornado that moved slowly south-southwest. Ten homes along the lakeshore also sustained severe damage and damage to trees was nearly total. The tornado dissipated just northeast of Woodland.
37.51982-05-12231°38'N / 98°34'W31°42'N / 98°36'W4.00 Miles100 Yards0025K0Mills
38.41997-05-27331°16'N / 97°23'W31°16'N / 97°23'W0.70 Mile150 Yards0000Bell
 Brief Description: This is the same tornado that began 1mile east of Moody in McLennan County.
39.11972-10-21231°15'N / 97°24'W31°18'N / 97°20'W5.40 Miles100 Yards0025K0Bell
39.31997-05-27231°23'N / 97°19'W31°23'N / 97°20'W2.00 Miles75 Yards0075K0Mclennan
 Brief Description: A tornado developed just west of Box Ranch Road and moved west-southwest to just west of Mackey Ranch Road where a mobile home was destroyed. The tornado also uprooted numerous large trees along its path.
39.31976-05-05230°57'N / 97°46'W0.50 Mile33 Yards003K0Bell
39.51982-05-12231°48'N / 98°28'W31°58'N / 98°28'W10.00 Miles100 Yards0025K0Comanche
40.01997-05-27331°19'N / 97°20'W31°16'N / 97°21'W3.00 Miles150 Yards00150K0Mclennan
 Brief Description: The third tornado developed about 1.5 miles east-southeast of Moody in open country just south of Farm-to-Market Road 107. The tornado moved south-southwest and destroyed a house and a barn. Another house was damaged and numerous trees were uprooted. Two vehicles were tossed several hundred feet by the tornado. The strong tornado dissipated about 0.5 miles after moving into extreme northern Bell County.
40.41994-04-26232°04'N / 97°52'W1.00 Mile100 Yards01500K0Bosque
 Brief Description: Tornado number one was on the ground intermittently for about one mile. A grain silo was unroofed, one house destroyed, two mobile homes destroyed, a barn was destroyed, and at least 20 telephone poles were blown down. There was one minor injury.
40.61976-05-25231°39'N / 97°19'W0.20 Mile100 Yards0025K0Mclennan
40.91990-05-02231°58'N / 97°34'W0.20 Mile10 Yards000K0Bosque
41.71976-04-19232°00'N / 98°25'W32°02'N / 98°14'W11.10 Miles300 Yards0025K0Erath
41.81967-06-11231°40'N / 97°18'W1.00 Mile100 Yards0025K0Mclennan
42.11966-04-19232°04'N / 97°45'W2.00 Miles880 Yards003K0Bosque
42.81965-08-09231°06'N / 97°25'W0.50 Mile33 Yards000K0Bell
43.11990-03-14331°04'N / 97°30'W31°06'N / 97°21'W9.00 Miles50 Yards00250K0Bell
43.11967-04-13231°04'N / 97°27'W31°07'N / 97°23'W5.40 Miles90 Yards003K0Bell
43.21974-04-13231°33'N / 97°15'W0.50 Mile33 Yards0125K0Mclennan
45.51955-03-21231°10'N / 97°20'W31°10'N / 97°17'W3.60 Miles17 Yards003K0Bell
45.82000-05-12331°54'N / 97°22'W31°54'N / 97°22'W7.00 Miles400 Yards203.0M0Bosque
 Brief Description: A tornado formed over the central part of Lake Whitney at approximately 1610 CST. The tornado moved south and dissipated near the dam at 1625 CST. The tornado caused two deaths, both of which occurred in the same home, but no other injuries. The most significant damaged occurred at the Lakewood Harbor Subdivision, three miles northwest of the Dam, around 1615 CST. 38 homes were destroyed and 27 others were damaged. M70PH, F80PH May 12, 2000 - Event Narrative A cold front moved into North Texas, and became stationary along a Bonham, Dallas, Hillsboro, Goldthwaite line. Numerous hail and wind reports were received. An F-3 tornado touched down near Lake Whitney in the late afternoon hours.The parent storm continued to develop on the south flank, resulting in a long lived wall cloud that moved south through southern Bosque, western McLennan, eastern Coryell, and western Bell counties. While reports of hail and funnels continued through the life of the storm, no additional tornadoes were sighted.
46.01990-04-27232°01'N / 97°30'W0.20 Mile10 Yards000K0Bosque
46.11958-04-28331°54'N / 98°36'W31°57'N / 98°33'W4.90 Miles880 Yards00250K0Comanche
46.51966-05-18230°50'N / 97°48'W30°50'N / 97°48'W000K0Williamson
47.01981-10-13231°32'N / 97°11'W2.00 Miles150 Yards0425.0M0Mclennan
47.11972-10-21231°33'N / 97°11'W1.50 Miles20 Yards000K0Mclennan
47.11972-10-21231°33'N / 97°11'W1.00 Mile20 Yards03250K0Mclennan
47.81960-05-04232°05'N / 98°24'W0.30 Mile33 Yards003K0Erath
47.91973-05-23231°06'N / 97°20'W31°06'N / 97°17'W3.30 Miles150 Yards0025K0Bell
48.61963-08-30231°37'N / 97°10'W1.00 Mile17 Yards0025K0Mclennan
48.81965-05-09231°56'N / 97°20'W0.10 Mile17 Yards0025K0Hill
49.01969-08-14231°05'N / 97°18'W00250K0Bell
49.01969-08-14231°05'N / 97°18'W0.20 Mile33 Yards00250K0Bell
49.02006-05-05231°33'N / 97°09'W31°33'N / 97°09'W2.60 Miles150 Yards003.0M0Mclennan
 Brief Description: A tornado was reported on Waco Drive by the media, just north of the damage swath produced by the downburst. A damage survey conducted by the National Weather Service in Fort Worth found that a tornado formed south of New Road and just west of Spur 298 (Franklin Avenue), or just north of Richland Mall. The tornado reached its peak intensity of lower F2 and did the most damage just east of Spur 298. Several commercial buildings had large sections of their roofs and walls damaged. A Coca-Cola Bottling Plant lost much of its roof and most of its inventory was damaged. A spokesman for the company stated that the tornado did well over $1 million worth of damage. An owner of an auto repair shop which was badly damaged estimated damages at $600,000. A horse barn owned by Baylor University was leveled and two horses killed. Numerous trees were downed and power lines snapped in and east of this area. The circulation weakened as it approached Interstate 35, and the tornado dissipated approximately three-fourths of a mile east of Interstate 35. A countywide disaster declaration was issued by the McLennan County judge.
49.31997-05-27230°52'N / 97°36'W30°50'N / 97°37'W2.00 Miles200 Yards000K0KWilliamson
 Brief Description: Several eyewitnesses reported that the Jarrell tornado was preceded for a period of 8 to 10 minutes by a series of short-lived very small tornadoes that formed from the same supercell thunderstorm. These touched down, then dissipated in order. The first tornado in Williamson County formed near 2:25 pm CST and built rapidly to F2 strength. It survived for approximately 8 minutes, often returning briefly to a roped and tilted feature before it died. This tornado was followed by a second that formed near 2:35 pm CST. It built quickly into a multi-vortex tornado that appeared to be near F2 strength as well. This dissipated after only 4 minutes. The final tornado from this same supercell, , the Jarrell Tornado, developed as a small...rope-shaped tornado, touching down around 2:40 pm CST inside the Williamson County line northwest of Jarrell. From film and eyewitness accounts, it expanded quickly into a very large vortex nearly 1/2 mile in width. Observations recounted by eyewitnesses indicated that the damage path may not have been made strictly by one tornado. A number of eyewitnesses reported seeing several small, rope-like funnels before the character of the tornado changed drastically into the killer tornado. Ground damage patterns in the Double Creek Subdivision also suggested this possibility. The tornado crossed CR 308, CR 305, and then CR 307. Where the tornado crossed each of these county roads, approximately 525 feet of asphalt was ripped off each of the roadways. This particular destruction was believed to be very close to the centerline of the tornado circulation. As the tornado crossed the intersection of CR 305 and 307, a business on the corner was destroyed. The tornado moved into the Double Creek area at this point with total destruction. F5 destruction continued from shortly after its formation until very close to the end of the damage path. The tornado began a brief turn toward the southeast as it entered the Double Creek subdivision and the surrounding area, moving very slowly. It reached the subdivision at 3:48 pm. This time is based on a clock found at a destroyed residence in the extreme northwest corner of the subdivision and the home believed to be the first struck by the tornado. Here, it widened to it maximum width of three-quarters of a mile. From the air, the ground appearance changed abruptly in the vicinity of CR 308 and continued until very near the end of the path. No definitive circulation patterns or suction spots were evident, but there was the noted obvious change in the appearance of the ground. In the Double Creek area, approximately 40 structures were totally destroyed. One of the most striking signs in approaching this area was the distinct lack of debris of any size. Closer inspection showed lots of little debris but no sign of large items. It was estimated that several dozen vehicles had been in the subdivision and removed by the tornado. Nearly 300 cattle grazing in a pasture near the subdivision were also killed, with many of them tossed and blown for over 1/4 mile. At least half a dozen cars were identified from the air lying in the open areas, most of them flattened and encrusted with mud and grass. Trees in the subdivision were completely stripped of bark. Later ground survey revealed that most of the debris that was left in the area was extremely small indicating the power of the tornadic wind. All 27 deaths associated with the Jarrell tornado occurred in the Double Creek area. Eyewitnesses reported that it appeared to have slowed down as it entered the subdivision, and that may account for the nearly total destruction that took place. After passing through the Double Creek area, the tornado shifted its track again slightly, moving toward the south-southwest across CR 309 and into a heavily wooded area of cedar trees. The total destruction of the tornado ends abruptly shortly after entering the wooded area. However, a small swath of tree damage on the north side of the main damage path suggested the possibility of a multiple vortex pattern. No other evidence of multiple vortices was observed. The sequence of weather phenomenon reported with this tornado was exactly opposite of that often reported- the tornado first appeared, followed by nearly calm conditions, then hail, followed by rain and finally brief, gusty winds. This is attributed to the fact that the parent supercell was moving toward the southwest for most of its life. The storm essentially "backed into" the area as it moved.


* The information on this page is based on the global volcano database, the U.S. earthquake database of 1638-1985, and the U.S. Tornado and Weather Extremes database of 1950-2010.


 
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