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Pardeeville, WI Natural Disasters and Weather Extremes

 
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The chance of earthquake damage in Pardeeville is about the same as Wisconsin average and is much lower than the national average. The risk of tornado damage in Pardeeville is much higher than Wisconsin average and is much higher than the national average.

Topics:Earthquake IndexVolcano IndexTornado IndexOther Weather Extremes EventsVolcanos NearbyHistorical Earthquake EventsHistorical Tornado Events

Earthquake Index, #272

Pardeeville, WI
0.00
Wisconsin
0.00
U.S.
1.81

The earthquake index value is calculated based on historical earthquake events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the earthquake level in a region. A higher earthquake index value means a higher chance of an earthquake.

Volcano Index, #1

Pardeeville, WI
0.0000
Wisconsin
0.0000
U.S.
0.0023

The volcano index value is calculated based on the currently known volcanoes using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the possibility of a region being affected by a possible volcano eruption. A higher volcano index value means a higher chance of being affected.

Tornado Index, #84

Pardeeville, WI
243.30
Wisconsin
153.98
U.S.
136.45

The tornado index value is calculated based on historical tornado events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the tornado level in a region. A higher tornado index value means a higher chance of tornado events.

Other Weather Extremes Events

A total of 3,665 other weather extremes events within 50 miles of Pardeeville, WI were recorded from 1950 to 2010. The following is a break down of these events:

TypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCount
Avalanche:0Blizzard:12Cold:50Dense Fog:104Drought:45
Dust Storm:0Flood:179Hail:958Heat:43Heavy Snow:99
High Surf:0Hurricane:0Ice Storm:16Landslide:0Strong Wind:75
Thunderstorm Winds:1,539Tropical Storm:0Wildfire:5Winter Storm:116Winter Weather:55
Other:369 

Volcanos Nearby

No volcano is found in or near Pardeeville, WI.

Historical Earthquake Events

No historical earthquake events that had recorded magnitudes of 3.5 or above found in or near Pardeeville, WI.

No historical earthquake events found in or near Pardeeville, WI.

Historical Tornado Events

A total of 92 historical tornado events that had recorded magnitude of 2 or above found in or near Pardeeville, WI.

Distance (miles)DateMagnitudeStart Lat/LogEnd Lat/LogLengthWidthFatalitiesInjuriesProperty DamageCrop DamageAffected County
6.72008-06-07243°31'N / 89°15'W43°30'N / 89°06'W9.00 Miles3520 Yards062.5M500KColumbia
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: This tornado was extremely wide since the thunderstorm cloud base was very low and the meso-cyclone that is usually aloft was well-formed all the way to the ground. Within a broad 1 to 2 mile wide area of EF0 to EF1 damage, there were several small swaths of EF2 damage due to multiple votices. The accompanying graphic shows this effect. With respect to residential homes this tornado resulted in very minor damage to 150, minor damage to 30, major damage to 10, and 2 were destroyed (total residential damage of $2 million). With respect to agricultural buildings ($500K in total damage), this tornado resulted in minor damage to 20, and major damage to 2 buildings (inlcuding silos). Tens of thousands of trees were uprooted or chewed-up, and many power-lines and power-poles were either toppled or damaged. About 4000 to 6000 trees on a tree farm were destroyed at a location about 3 miles east-southeast of Pardeeville. This tree-farm loss was treated as a crop loss. Additionally, some corn and soybean crops were damaged. This tornado started just southeast of the intersection of CTH P and Pardeeville Road, and moved southeastward for about 4 miles and then traveled east-southeast to end just northeast of the western intersection of STH 146 and CTH A. The specific starting point and ending point lat/long numbers were 43.53333/-89.26306 and 43.49556/-89.09878, respectively. Additional mid-point pairs of number include: 43.51603/-8922394, 43.50728/-89.20151, and 43.50208/-89.17679. DI#24 (ELT), DOD4. The wind speeds were estimated at about 120 mph. Average path length was about 1760 yards (1 mile). EPISODE NARRATIVE: A slow-moving surface boundary, nearly parallel with the mid-level flow affected southern Wisconsin during the period of June 7th through June 9th. A strengthening low-level jet and strong moisture advection produced several rounds of thunderstorms during the period in the vicinity of this boundary. The atmosphere was very moist with precipitable water values around 2 inches. Low to mid-level wind flow supported training of flood-producing thunderstorms. There was sufficient vertical wind shear to allow for supercell development that resulted in 10 tornadoes spinning up in south-central and southeast Wisconsin on June 7th. A weak cool front pushed through southern Wisconsin late on the 8th/early on the 9th, finally ending the heavy rainfall. During the evening of June 7th, several roads near STH 89 south of Columbus were washed out. STH 16 east of Columbus closed on June 8th due to high waters. A state-of-emergency was declared in Milwaukee County the evening of June 7th due to widespread flash flooding, and Milwaukee Mitchell Field was close for several hours due to high water levels.
7.31951-09-26443°28'N / 89°15'W43°32'N / 89°05'W9.00 Miles100 Yards19250K0Columbia
9.51954-07-30243°19'N / 89°26'W43°29'N / 89°09'W18.10 Miles100 Yards000K0Pierce
10.11984-06-08243°20'N / 89°22'W43°27'N / 89°14'W16.00 Miles50 Yards00250K0Columbia
10.11984-06-08343°27'N / 89°14'W43°38'N / 88°58'W23.00 Miles200 Yards012.5M0Columbia
12.01966-08-15243°34'N / 89°35'W43°36'N / 89°29'W4.90 Miles200 Yards00250K0Columbia
13.31984-06-08243°17'N / 89°17'W43°28'N / 89°02'W15.00 Miles50 Yards002.5M0Columbia
17.21980-04-07343°29'N / 88°58'W1.20 Miles67 Yards04250K0Dodge
17.92004-06-23243°49'N / 89°29'W43°46'N / 89°16'W11.00 Miles200 Yards001.0M500KMarquette
 Brief Description: A strong tornado spun up about a half-mile east of Interstate 39/STH 51, near the intersection of Fawn Ct. and CTH M, or 3.5 NNW of Packwaukee. This tornado increased to F2 strength (estimated 140-150 mph) as it tore east/southeast through the southern part of Montello. Numerous trees were uprooted. Four homes were destroyed, 25 sustained major damage, and 142 had minor damage. In addition, 9 agricultural buildings were damaged or destroyed. The tornado ended in a swampy, Fox River bottom-land area about 4 miles southeast of Montello (1 mile short of the county line and south of CTH C and east STH 22). The responsible supercell also spun up a different tornado earlier in Adams County. Prop damage estimated at $1.0 M. Average path width was about 175 yards. Two rounds of severe weather affected parts of south-central and southeast Wisconsin on June 23rd, with the second round featuring 8 tornadoes, large hail (up to golf-ball size), and powerful straight-line downburst winds. A warm front moving north through the area resulted in favorable vertical wind shear to allow for supercell development. The 1st round of severe weather was due to a broken line of intense thunderstorms moving across Walworth, Milwaukee, Racine and Kenosha counties. Hail of up to 1 inch in diameter and torrential rainfall accompanied these storms before they moved over Lake Michigan and weakened. The 2nd round of severe weather was dominated by 2 cyclic supercells - one moved east/southeast through Marquette, Green Lake, Fond du Lac, and Washington Counties, spinning up 5 separate tornadoes, dumping hail stones up to 3 inches in diameter, and hurricane-force downburst winds. The large hail dented several vehicles. Two of these were rated F3. Refer to the individual tornado reports for more details. A more southerly supercell tracked across extreme southern Sauk County and then made a partial right turn and headed southeast through Dane County, spinning up 2 tornadoes in the process, as well as large hail and downburst winds. One powerful downburst wind in Madison (Dane Co.) blew equipment off the roof of a business at the Midvale Shopping Mall. A semi southwest of Ft. Atkinson was blown over by straight-line wind gusts. This southern supercell eventually spun up another tornado in south-central Jefferson County which moved into north-central Walworth County. Refer to the individual tornado reports for more details. Both supercells had downbursts that generated large hail and powerful, hurricane-force winds north and south of their tracks. Over all of Wisconsin, 16 tornadoes were documented on June 23rd, which is the 4th highest single-day total (record is 24 on May 8, 1988). For south-central and southeast Wisconsin, the 8 tornadoes on June 23rd was tied for the 4th highest single-day total (record is 11 on May 8, 1988).
18.41954-07-30243°19'N / 89°35'W43°19'N / 89°26'W7.10 Miles100 Yards000K0Columbia
18.71984-06-08243°15'N / 89°20'W43°17'N / 89°17'W3.00 Miles50 Yards002.5M0Dane
18.91984-06-08343°38'N / 88°58'W43°43'N / 88°59'W6.00 Miles200 Yards002.5M0Green Lake
19.62004-06-23343°43'N / 89°02'W43°39'N / 88°54'W9.40 Miles400 Yards001.4M500KGreen Lake
 Brief Description: A strong tornado spun up near the intersection of STH 73 and CTH H, about 2 miles north of the village of Manchester. It increased its strength to F3 (estimated 175-200 mph) as it moved southeast across the southern part of the city of Markesan. Numerous trees were uprooted. At least 18 homes or ag-buildings had minor damage, at least 9 homes or ag-buildings had major damage, and at least 21 homes or ag-buildings were destroyed. This tornado exited Green Lake County at a point 6.4 miles southeast of Markesan, just south of Lake Maria Rd., and continued southeast through Fond du Lac County. The responsible supercell also spun up different tornadoes earlier in Adams and Marquette Counties. Newspaper headline: "A Day Like No Other." Average path width was about 350 yards. Two rounds of severe weather affected parts of south-central and southeast Wisconsin on June 23rd, with the second round featuring 8 tornadoes, large hail (up to golf-ball size), and powerful straight-line downburst winds. A warm front moving north through the area resulted in favorable vertical wind shear to allow for supercell development. The 1st round of severe weather was due to a broken line of intense thunderstorms moving across Walworth, Milwaukee, Racine and Kenosha counties. Hail of up to 1 inch in diameter and torrential rainfall accompanied these storms before they moved over Lake Michigan and weakened. The 2nd round of severe weather was dominated by 2 cyclic supercells - one moved east/southeast through Marquette, Green Lake, Fond du Lac, and Washington Counties, spinning up 5 separate tornadoes, dumping hail stones up to 3 inches in diameter, and hurricane-force downburst winds. The large hail dented several vehicles. Two of these were rated F3. Refer to the individual tornado reports for more details. A more southerly supercell tracked across extreme southern Sauk County and then made a partial right turn and headed southeast through Dane County, spinning up 2 tornadoes in the process, as well as large hail and downburst winds. One powerful downburst wind in Madison (Dane Co.) blew equipment off the roof of a business at the Midvale Shopping Mall. A semi southwest of Ft. Atkinson was blown over by straight-line wind gusts. This southern supercell eventually spun up another tornado in south-central Jefferson County which moved into north-central Walworth County. Refer to the individual tornado reports for more details. Both supercells had downbursts that generated large hail and powerful, hurricane-force winds north and south of their tracks. Over all of Wisconsin, 16 tornadoes were documented on June 23rd, which is the 4th highest single-day total (record is 24 on May 8, 1988). For south-central and southeast Wisconsin, the 8 tornadoes on June 23rd was tied for the 4th highest single-day total (record is 11 on May 8, 1988).
20.82005-08-18243°21'N / 89°41'W43°19'N / 89°32'W3.40 Miles200 Yards0010K10KColumbia
 Brief Description: This tornado was a continuation of the "Leland" F2 Sauk County tornado that passed through the Badger Ammunition Plant grounds. It crossed into Columbia County from Sauk County at 1655CST about 5.4 miles west of Okee, or 1.2 miles northwest of the intersection of Gastrow Road and STH 188. This tornado headed east-southeast for 3.4 miles, while weakening, and ended at 1703CST about 3.2 miles southeast of Okee, or 0.2 mile southeast of the intersection of CTH J and Occonor Road. Some tree, power-line, and crop damage was noted, resulting in a F1 damage rating in Columbia County. Average path width was about 125 yards. The largest single-day tornado outbreak in Wisconsin recorded history for south-central and southeast Wisconsin occurred on August 18, 2005. Sixteen tornadoes were documented on this day in south-central and southeast Wisconsin, a new single-day record. A line of supercells developed and pushed across south-central Wisconsin during the afternoon hours, and then pushed east across southeast Wisconsin during the evening hours. Most of the tornadoes were associated with two supercells. One main supercell tracked across Sauk County and then into Columbia, producing one F0 and one F2 tornado. The F2 tornado crossed into Columbia County. Another main supercell produced an F3 tornado that devastated the area north of city of Stoughton (Dane Co.), and a weaker F1 tornado just south of the city of Rockdale (Dane Co.). This supercell then tracked into southwestern Jefferson County a short time later, producing two F0 tornadoes and four F1 tornadoes. The sixteen (16) tornadoes contributed largely to both the new state record of 27 tornadoes on a single day, and 62 tornadoes for a calendar year. In additiion, there were scattered reports of funnel clouds, damaging straight-line, downburst winds, and large hail across south-central and southeast Wisconsin. The total direct damage estimate for the afternoon and evening tornado and severe weather outbreak in south-central and southeast Wisconsin on August 18th was about $36.6 M ($35.7 property and $948 K crop). Additional indirect costs totaled almost $1.9 M, resulting in a total direct and direct cost of about $38.5 M. Synoptically, a surface low pressure system was located over extreme southeast Minnesota early in the afternoon. A warm front extended east southeast from the low with dew points pooling in the lower 70s along it. The surface low moved east into east central Wisconsin by 2100CST that evening. Favorable wind shear associated with the warm front, combined with the strong instability supplied by the heat and humidity, helped to produce numerous tornadic supercells.
21.02004-06-23343°40'N / 88°57'W43°39'N / 88°53'W4.00 Miles300 Yards11675K300KGreen Lake
 Brief Description: A strong tornado spun up about a mile directly east of Lake Maria in southeastern Green Lake County, or about 4.2 miles SSE of Markesan, moved east along Sunny Drive with F3 strength (estimated 175-200), and exited Green Lake County along Mielke Rd., or about 6.8 miles SE of Markesan. Numerous trees were uprooted. At least 8 homes or ag-buildings had minor damage, at least 5 homes or ag-buildings had major damage, and at least 5 homes or ag-buildings were destroyed. Near the intersection of Sunny Drive and Pleasant Drive, two people and most basement items were "sucked" out of their home's basement while the home was being destroyed. The husband was found dead and his wife was critically injured. Average path width was about 275 yards. M53PH Two rounds of severe weather affected parts of south-central and southeast Wisconsin on June 23rd, with the second round featuring 8 tornadoes, large hail (up to golf-ball size), and powerful straight-line downburst winds. A warm front moving north through the area resulted in favorable vertical wind shear to allow for supercell development. The 1st round of severe weather was due to a broken line of intense thunderstorms moving across Walworth, Milwaukee, Racine and Kenosha counties. Hail of up to 1 inch in diameter and torrential rainfall accompanied these storms before they moved over Lake Michigan and weakened. The 2nd round of severe weather was dominated by 2 cyclic supercells - one moved east/southeast through Marquette, Green Lake, Fond du Lac, and Washington Counties, spinning up 5 separate tornadoes, dumping hail stones up to 3 inches in diameter, and hurricane-force downburst winds. The large hail dented several vehicles. Two of these were rated F3. Refer to the individual tornado reports for more details. A more southerly supercell tracked across extreme southern Sauk County and then made a partial right turn and headed southeast through Dane County, spinning up 2 tornadoes in the process, as well as large hail and downburst winds. One powerful downburst wind in Madison (Dane Co.) blew equipment off the roof of a business at the Midvale Shopping Mall. A semi southwest of Ft. Atkinson was blown over by straight-line wind gusts. This southern supercell eventually spun up another tornado in south-central Jefferson County which moved into north-central Walworth County. Refer to the individual tornado reports for more details. Both supercells had downbursts that generated large hail and powerful, hurricane-force winds north and south of their tracks. Over all of Wisconsin, 16 tornadoes were documented on June 23rd, which is the 4th highest single-day total (record is 24 on May 8, 1988). For south-central and southeast Wisconsin, the 8 tornadoes on June 23rd was tied for the 4th highest single-day total (record is 11 on May 8, 1988).
21.61975-06-04343°14'N / 89°14'W43°14'N / 89°10'W2.30 Miles33 Yards0025K0Dane
22.21976-07-30243°14'N / 89°27'W000K0Dane
22.71963-08-16343°18'N / 89°43'W43°18'N / 89°31'W9.60 Miles33 Yards013250K0Columbia
22.71963-08-16343°18'N / 89°43'W43°18'N / 89°31'W9.60 Miles33 Yards013250K0Columbia
22.71963-08-16343°18'N / 89°43'W43°18'N / 89°31'W9.60 Miles33 Yards013250K0Columbia
23.61968-08-19243°45'N / 88°58'W43°45'N / 88°54'W2.30 Miles50 Yards0125K0Green Lake
23.71994-07-04243°18'N / 89°45'W43°22'N / 89°37'W8.00 Miles500 Yards005.0M500KSauk
23.81980-04-07243°28'N / 88°57'W43°30'N / 88°43'W11.50 Miles70 Yards0162.5M0Dodge
23.91988-05-08243°10'N / 89°20'W43°15'N / 89°34'W7.00 Miles100 Yards0125K0Dane
24.11967-06-11243°11'N / 89°16'W43°12'N / 89°13'W1.30 Miles10 Yards00250K0Dane
24.81984-06-08243°26'N / 88°56'W43°30'N / 88°42'W11.00 Miles50 Yards012.5M0Dodge
25.02004-06-23343°38'N / 88°51'W43°39'N / 88°48'W3.60 Miles300 Yards001.6M300KFond Du Lac
 Brief Description: This tornado was a continuation of the tornado that moved east from the Lake Maria area of extreme southeastern Green Lake County. It maintained its F3 strength (175-200 mph) and moved east along Marshview Rd, only to merge with the F3 tornado moving east/southeast out of the Markesan area of southeast Green Lake County. The merger took place just east of a dogleg/bend of Oak Grove Rd., about 2.2 miles SSW of Alto. The civil Town of Alto reported that 8 residential homes had major damage. Four farms were affected with a tally of 8 ag-buildings/homes with minor damage, 19 with major damage, and 16 destroyed. Crop damage was severe. Public sector damage (roads/bridges) was about $100K. Average path width was about 275 yards. Two rounds of severe weather affected parts of south-central and southeast Wisconsin on June 23rd, with the second round featuring 8 tornadoes, large hail (up to golf-ball size), and powerful straight-line downburst winds. A warm front moving north through the area resulted in favorable vertical wind shear to allow for supercell development. The 1st round of severe weather was due to a broken line of intense thunderstorms moving across Walworth, Milwaukee, Racine and Kenosha counties. Hail of up to 1 inch in diameter and torrential rainfall accompanied these storms before they moved over Lake Michigan and weakened. The 2nd round of severe weather was dominated by 2 cyclic supercells - one moved east/southeast through Marquette, Green Lake, Fond du Lac, and Washington Counties, spinning up 5 separate tornadoes, dumping hail stones up to 3 inches in diameter, and hurricane-force downburst winds. The large hail dented several vehicles. Two of these were rated F3. Refer to the individual tornado reports for more details. A more southerly supercell tracked across extreme southern Sauk County and then made a partial right turn and headed southeast through Dane County, spinning up 2 tornadoes in the process, as well as large hail and downburst winds. One powerful downburst wind in Madison (Dane Co.) blew equipment off the roof of a business at the Midvale Shopping Mall. A semi southwest of Ft. Atkinson was blown over by straight-line wind gusts. This southern supercell eventually spun up another tornado in south-central Jefferson County which moved into north-central Walworth County. Refer to the individual tornado reports for more details. Both supercells had downbursts that generated large hail and powerful, hurricane-force winds north and south of their tracks. Over all of Wisconsin, 16 tornadoes were documented on June 23rd, which is the 4th highest single-day total (record is 24 on May 8, 1988). For south-central and southeast Wisconsin, the 8 tornadoes on June 23rd was tied for the 4th highest single-day total (record is 11 on May 8, 1988).
25.71959-07-08243°53'N / 89°24'W43°56'N / 89°18'W5.20 Miles50 Yards0025K0Marquette
26.42004-06-23343°38'N / 88°51'W43°38'N / 88°44'W7.20 Miles400 Yards006.0M700KFond Du Lac
 Brief Description: This tornado was a continuation of the tornado that moved through the southern part of the city of Markesan (Green Lake Co.). It entered Fond du Lac County just south of Lake Maria Road, about 4.7 miles SW of Alto. It moved east-southeast on a line toward Waupun at F3 strength (estimated 175-200 mph), and actually merged with the Lake Maria tornado that moved east out of extreme southeastern Green Lake County. The merger took place just east of a dogleg/bend of Oak Grove Rd., about 2.2 miles SSW of Alto. The civil Town of Alto reported that 19 residential homes had major damage and 1 was destroyed. One business had major damage. Fourteen farms were affected with a tally of 8 ag-buildings/homes with minor damage, 19 with major damage, and 16 destroyed. Crop damage was severe. Public sector damage (roads/bridges) was about $225K. In the city of Waupun (Fond du Lac side), 4 homes had major damage, and roughly 150 had minor roof/siding damage due to severe tree damage. Average path width was about 300 yards. Two rounds of severe weather affected parts of south-central and southeast Wisconsin on June 23rd, with the second round featuring 8 tornadoes, large hail (up to golf-ball size), and powerful straight-line downburst winds. A warm front moving north through the area resulted in favorable vertical wind shear to allow for supercell development. The 1st round of severe weather was due to a broken line of intense thunderstorms moving across Walworth, Milwaukee, Racine and Kenosha counties. Hail of up to 1 inch in diameter and torrential rainfall accompanied these storms before they moved over Lake Michigan and weakened. The 2nd round of severe weather was dominated by 2 cyclic supercells - one moved east/southeast through Marquette, Green Lake, Fond du Lac, and Washington Counties, spinning up 5 separate tornadoes, dumping hail stones up to 3 inches in diameter, and hurricane-force downburst winds. The large hail dented several vehicles. Two of these were rated F3. Refer to the individual tornado reports for more details. A more southerly supercell tracked across extreme southern Sauk County and then made a partial right turn and headed southeast through Dane County, spinning up 2 tornadoes in the process, as well as large hail and downburst winds. One powerful downburst wind in Madison (Dane Co.) blew equipment off the roof of a business at the Midvale Shopping Mall. A semi southwest of Ft. Atkinson was blown over by straight-line wind gusts. This southern supercell eventually spun up another tornado in south-central Jefferson County which moved into north-central Walworth County. Refer to the individual tornado reports for more details. Both supercells had downbursts that generated large hail and powerful, hurricane-force winds north and south of their tracks. Over all of Wisconsin, 16 tornadoes were documented on June 23rd, which is the 4th highest single-day total (record is 24 on May 8, 1988). For south-central and southeast Wisconsin, the 8 tornadoes on June 23rd was tied for the 4th highest single-day total (record is 11 on May 8, 1988).
27.52005-08-18243°22'N / 89°54'W43°21'N / 89°41'W11.10 Miles200 Yards00600K20KSauk
 Brief Description: This tornado spun up from the same supercell thunderstorm that spawned the "Viola" tornado earlier in Vernon and Richland counties. This Sauk County tornado spun up at 1633CST about 3.6 miles northeast of Leland, or about 1/4 mile south of the intersection of Ruff and Pine Hollow Roads. The tornado headed east-southeast for about 11.1 miles in Sauk County, and crossed the Columbia County line at 1655CST about 4.5 miles north-northeast of Prairie du Sac, between Wiegans Bay and a boat launch site. This tornado crossed CTH C about 0.5 mile west of Stones Pocket Road, and moved through old Badger Ammunition Plant just south of the greatest density of roads within the Plant grounds. This rain-wrapped tornado was video taped and photographed, and damaged many structures, trees, and power-lines. As for residential buildings, 10 received minor damage, 1 had major damage, and one was destroyed. One business building had minor damage. As for agricultural buildings, 5 received minor damage, and 6 were destroyed. This tornado was rated an F2 with estimated winds of 98-136 knots (113-157 mph). Average path width was about 150 yards. The largest single-day tornado outbreak in Wisconsin recorded history for south-central and southeast Wisconsin occurred on August 18, 2005. Sixteen tornadoes were documented on this day in south-central and southeast Wisconsin, a new single-day record. A line of supercells developed and pushed across south-central Wisconsin during the afternoon hours, and then pushed east across southeast Wisconsin during the evening hours. Most of the tornadoes were associated with two supercells. One main supercell tracked across Sauk County and then into Columbia, producing one F0 and one F2 tornado. The F2 tornado crossed into Columbia County. Another main supercell produced an F3 tornado that devastated the area north of city of Stoughton (Dane Co.), and a weaker F1 tornado just south of the city of Rockdale (Dane Co.). This supercell then tracked into southwestern Jefferson County a short time later, producing two F0 tornadoes and four F1 tornadoes. The sixteen (16) tornadoes contributed largely to both the new state record of 27 tornadoes on a single day, and 62 tornadoes for a calendar year. In additiion, there were scattered reports of funnel clouds, damaging straight-line, downburst winds, and large hail across south-central and southeast Wisconsin. The total direct damage estimate for the afternoon and evening tornado and severe weather outbreak in south-central and southeast Wisconsin on August 18th was about $36.6 M ($35.7 property and $948 K crop). Additional indirect costs totaled almost $1.9 M, resulting in a total direct and direct cost of about $38.5 M. Synoptically, a surface low pressure system was located over extreme southeast Minnesota early in the afternoon. A warm front extended east southeast from the low with dew points pooling in the lower 70s along it. The surface low moved east into east central Wisconsin by 2100CST that evening. Favorable wind shear associated with the warm front, combined with the strong instability supplied by the heat and humidity, helped to produce numerous tornadic supercells.
28.01966-08-15243°25'N / 90°08'W43°34'N / 89°35'W29.30 Miles200 Yards01250K0Sauk
29.31967-08-02343°08'N / 89°27'W43°07'N / 89°26'W2525K0Dane
30.21955-07-31243°58'N / 89°30'W43°57'N / 89°26'W2.70 Miles50 Yards00250K0Marquette
30.31968-04-20243°06'N / 89°21'W0.10 Mile33 Yards0025K0Dane
30.71980-04-07243°21'N / 88°47'W43°28'N / 88°39'W10.20 Miles50 Yards00250K0Dodge
30.71963-09-02243°10'N / 89°53'W43°11'N / 89°26'W22.50 Miles33 Yards010K0Iowa
30.81984-06-07543°05'N / 89°50'W43°17'N / 89°31'W26.00 Miles450 Yards00250K0Columbia
31.11962-06-17243°50'N / 88°50'W1.00 Mile33 Yards0025K0Fond Du Lac
31.61981-06-15243°05'N / 89°13'W1.00 Mile33 Yards00250K0Dane
32.31977-06-05343°49'N / 88°44'W43°39'N / 88°42'W11.20 Miles300 Yards022.5M0Fond Du Lac
32.31992-09-07243°54'N / 89°02'W43°58'N / 88°53'W8.50 Miles400 Yards012.5M0Green Lake
33.41964-05-08243°45'N / 89°58'W43°59'N / 89°37'W23.50 Miles150 Yards00250K0Juneau
33.71974-04-21443°45'N / 88°50'W43°54'N / 88°41'W12.50 Miles200 Yards002.5M0Fond Du Lac
34.01956-04-03443°56'N / 88°58'W43°59'N / 88°56'W1.90 Miles440 Yards7502.5M0Green Lake
34.21954-04-15243°59'N / 89°11'W44°03'N / 89°05'W5.90 Miles33 Yards0025K0Waushara
34.21950-06-25343°57'N / 88°57'W43°58'N / 88°56'W00250K0Green Lake
34.91965-05-25243°32'N / 90°00'W0.30 Mile50 Yards0825K0Sauk
34.91969-06-04243°04'N / 89°10'W43°02'N / 89°04'W4.90 Miles300 Yards0025K0Dane
35.21978-06-17243°30'N / 88°46'W43°31'N / 88°26'W16.50 Miles33 Yards002.5M0Dodge
36.41974-04-21343°30'N / 88°45'W43°36'N / 88°24'W18.60 Miles200 Yards062.5M0Dodge
36.62004-06-23343°38'N / 88°44'W43°33'N / 88°25'W16.70 Miles400 Yards008.0M500KDodge
 Brief Description: This tornado was a continuation of the tornado that moved east-southeast from Markesan (Green Lake Co.) through the southwest corner of Fond du Lac County (civil Town of Alto). In Dodge County it maintained its F3 strength (175-200 mph) as it moved east-southeast through the city of Waupun and through rural areas of northern Dodge County to a point 2 miles southeast of Lomira, where it dissipated just west of U.S. Highway 41. Many homes and vehicles in the Dodge County portion of Waupun were damaged. Toward Lomira, several dozens of agricultural buildings and homes were damage. Numerous trees were uprooted from Waupun to near Lomira, and some crop damage was noted. Estimated damage in Waupun was about $3M, and $2.5M in the civil Towns of Lomira and Le Roy. Average path width was about 300 yards. Two rounds of severe weather affected parts of south-central and southeast Wisconsin on June 23rd, with the second round featuring 8 tornadoes, large hail (up to golf-ball size), and powerful straight-line downburst winds. A warm front moving north through the area resulted in favorable vertical wind shear to allow for supercell development. The 1st round of severe weather was due to a broken line of intense thunderstorms moving across Walworth, Milwaukee, Racine and Kenosha counties. Hail of up to 1 inch in diameter and torrential rainfall accompanied these storms before they moved over Lake Michigan and weakened. The 2nd round of severe weather was dominated by 2 cyclic supercells - one moved east/southeast through Marquette, Green Lake, Fond du Lac, and Washington Counties, spinning up 5 separate tornadoes, dumping hail stones up to 3 inches in diameter, and hurricane-force downburst winds. The large hail dented several vehicles. Two of these were rated F3. Refer to the individual tornado reports for more details. A more southerly supercell tracked across extreme southern Sauk County and then made a partial right turn and headed southeast through Dane County, spinning up 2 tornadoes in the process, as well as large hail and downburst winds. One powerful downburst wind in Madison (Dane Co.) blew equipment off the roof of a business at the Midvale Shopping Mall. A semi southwest of Ft. Atkinson was blown over by straight-line wind gusts. This southern supercell eventually spun up another tornado in south-central Jefferson County which moved into north-central Walworth County. Refer to the individual tornado reports for more details. Both supercells had downbursts that generated large hail and powerful, hurricane-force winds north and south of their tracks. Over all of Wisconsin, 16 tornadoes were documented on June 23rd, which is the 4th highest single-day total (record is 24 on May 8, 1988). For south-central and southeast Wisconsin, the 8 tornadoes on June 23rd was tied for the 4th highest single-day total (record is 11 on May 8, 1988).
36.81968-08-19243°45'N / 88°54'W43°46'N / 88°22'W26.40 Miles50 Yards0125K0Fond Du Lac
37.01977-06-05343°39'N / 88°42'W43°20'N / 88°26'W25.40 Miles400 Yards062.5M0Dodge
38.41974-04-21343°33'N / 88°45'W43°40'N / 88°20'W22.20 Miles200 Yards002.5M0Dodge
38.41980-07-19243°55'N / 89°52'W2.00 Miles33 Yards0025K0Adams
38.81965-04-11243°02'N / 88°53'W43°12'N / 88°42'W14.50 Miles1320 Yards3282.5M0Jefferson
38.91992-08-29344°04'N / 89°31'W44°08'N / 89°00'W28.00 Miles800 Yards13025.0M0Waushara
39.91963-06-08243°21'N / 88°36'W43°19'N / 88°31'W4.10 Miles33 Yards00250K0Dodge
40.11988-05-08242°59'N / 89°00'W43°03'N / 88°54'W6.00 Miles173 Yards00250K0Jefferson
40.31956-04-03443°59'N / 88°56'W44°03'N / 88°45'W9.60 Miles440 Yards002.5M0Waushara
40.51951-06-19243°37'N / 88°30'W1.00 Mile467 Yards0025K0Dodge
40.82000-06-01243°24'N / 88°38'W43°22'N / 88°24'W14.90 Miles125 Yards001.1M400KDodge
 Brief Description: One would be hard pressed to find another day like June 1, 2000 in terms of depth and range of severe, convective weather events across south-central and southeast Wisconsin. Tornadoes, widespread and localized flash flooding, funnel clouds, damaging hurricane-force, straight-line winds associated with a wicked squall-line, large hail stones, urban/small flooding, lightning strikes, and significant mainstem river flooding were reported. As in the preceding weeks, a quasi-stationary front over northern Illinois served as a boundary for warm, moist, unstable air to be pulled north over the cooler air over Wisconsin. Leftover flooding (from the evening of May 31, 2000) and isolated severe thunderstorms were noted during the pre-dawn to mid morning hours. However a powerful squall-line formed along the Mississippi River in the La Crosse area by mid-afternoon, and pushed into south-central Wisconsin by late afternoon with "all hell breaking loose." After the squall line moved into the southeast part of the state, it was followed by widespread showers and thunderstorms that triggered additional flooding problems. The east/southeast moving storms would not end until around 2300CST. As a result of the wild weather events, a State of Emergency was declared in Columbia, Dane, Dodge, Green, Iowa, Lafayette, Rock, and Sauk counties. Numerous power lines were knocked down by felled trees or wind gusts outright, resulting in the lose of power to 20,000 customers. Significant storm and flooding events will be summarized below county by county. Marquette Co: 6 homes were damaged and trees uprooted by powerful winds estimated at 70 knots (80 mph) in Briggsville. Urban flooding in Briggsville was also noted with water 6 inches deep. Green Lake Co: powerful winds knocked down trees in both Kingston and Markesan, and large hail was noted. Fond du Lac Co: a brief, F0 tornado spun up in the rural area southeast of Oak Center. Only some hay crop was damaged. Elsewhere, urban flooding and large hail was noted. Between 1700 and 1900CST, 1.71 inches of rain fell in the city of Fond du Lac. Sheboygan Co: powerful thunderstorm winds pushed over trees in the southern portions. Sauk Co: powerful winds blew over large trees in the Reedsburg to Baraboo area as well as around Prairie du Sac. Then the heavens oped up as 3.75 inches of rain fell between 1600 and 1645CST in North Freedom. There were other reports of up to 6 inches of rain falling in 2 hours. Flash flooding developed along Narrows Creek which left mud marks 8 feet high on some buildings. So much water came down Narrows Creek that it temporarily backed up the water of the Baraboo River! The Baraboo River flooded homes, and other creeks tore pieces of Highways 12 and 113 away. Road beds and parking lots were ripped away on the south side of Baraboo. Some railroad beds and many drainage culverts across the county were washed away. Severe erosion was noted on the cliffs overlooking the north shore of Devils Lake, whose water level rose about 3 feet due to runoff. All together, 153 residential homes were damaged, 17 businesses reported water damage, and 220,000 acres of farm land sustained water or erosion damage. The flooding was more widespread and worse than the 1993 flood, based on newspaper accounts. The Baraboo River near Baraboo crested at 22.04 feet on June 2nd, or 6.04 feet above flood stage (moderate flooding), after rising above flood stage at 0400CST on the 1st. Upriver at Rock Springs, the flood stage of 18.5 feet was exceeded at 1630CST on the 1st, and the crest was 21.71 feet at 0750CST on the 2nd (major flooding). Columbia Co: powerful winds uprooted large trees in and around Portage. In addition, a garage was damaged, several vehicles were blown into roadside ditches quickly reached a depth of 1 to 3 feet over portions of Highway 12 around Portage, and on Highway 73 in the southeast corner where residents were evacuated. Gravel road shoulder and culvert washouts were reported on some roads. Agricultural crop damage and soil erosion were also noted. Dodge Co: the main event was a long-lived tornado that spun up just south of Highway S about 4 miles south of Horicon, just southwest of the intersection of Highways S and E. Eyewitness accounts suggested that this tornado was a rain-wrapped and multi-vortex as it hopped-skipped east/southeast through the heart of the village of Iron Ridge (F2 at this time, 140-50 mph wind), before exiting the county on Highway S. All together, this F2 tornado destroyed 6 homes, and damaged 26 other homes, 6 businesses, 2 barns, 1 silo, semi-tractor trailer, a green house, and many cars. It destroyed 5 agricultural buildings. No one was injured or killed by this early-warned tornado. Five other barns were damaged in the county by the powerful straight-line winds associated with the squall-line. In addition, large hail up to walnut size was noted. Flash flooding was reported in the southeast part of the county when 1.5 inches of rain fell in a short period of time. Soil erosion and shoulder washouts were reported near the intersection of Highways 60 and P, south of Rubicon. Washington Co: the Dodge County tornado continued into Washington County for about 1.5 miles near and along Highway S. It damaged a barn and silo and uprooted more trees before dissipating. The tornado in this county had winds estimated at 80 mph, or F1 strength. No one was injured or killed. Flash flooding was reported south of Hartford where soil erosion and gravel shoulder washouts occurred due to swirling flood waters. Otherwise, large hail and tree-uprooting winds were noted in Germantown. Iowa Co: Pre-dawn flash flooding occurred across the northern portion of Iowa County due to leftover thunderstorms that hit the county on May 31st. Morrey Creek overflowed it banks in the village of Avoca, damaging 35 homes and eroding surrounding landscaping. In Dodge State Park near Dodgeville, 50 miles of trails were closed after several bridges were washed out by flooding waters. In addition, gravel road shoulder and culvert washouts were noted on several roads. Another round of flash flooding occurred across the northern portion of the county thanks to torrential rains of 2 to 4 inches in 1 to 2 hours in the late afternoon and early evening hours. An estimated 10,250 acres sustained major soil erosion and many roads had water depths of 1 to 3 feet as water currents washed away gravel shoulders. Crop damage was extensive. Dane Co: pre-dawn severe storms dumped large hail and knocked down many tree limbs in the Madison area. During the same storm, lightning struck a west-side Madison hotel, resulting in damage to its electrical system. Urban/small stream flooding was noted in the pre-dawn hours across the northern part of the county with water covering low spots on Highways 12, 73, and 113. A couple streets were flooded and closed in the village of Mazomanie due to high water levels on the Black Earth Creek. Sandbagging was needed to protect about a dozen homes in Mazomanie. Powerful thunderstorm winds uprooted trees which then damaged many vehicles in the Madison to Cottage Grove area during the evening. At least 60 trees blocked various roads in the Madison area, and 18 power lines were reported down. Roof tiles were also removed from some homes as the winds gusted to an estimated 70 knots (80 mph). An expensive gazebo was destroyed by uprooted trees in the city of Monona. Shortly thereafter, flash-flood producing rains hit much of the county. Madison streets were rivers as 27 cars were stranded or pushed around. It was the worst flooding the city during the past 15 years. Sandbagging commenced in Monona to protect homes. Many roads across the county were damaged by flood waters, with most damage in the northwest part of the county. In the village of Oregon, 1.90 inches of rain was measured in just 45 minutes ending at 1830CST. Additional soil erosion and ponding of water resulted in extensive, severe crop damage across the county. Collectively, wind and/or flood damage occurred to at least 646 residential homes in the county, and to 3 businesses. Probably 30,000 acres of farm land had significant crop damage. A new daily rainfall record of 3.46 inches was set at Madison's Traux Field, breaking the old record of 1.33 inches set back in 1892. Runoff from this rainfall eventually pushed Lake Mendota to 31.5 inches above its normal summer level on June 5th, which was the highest reading since the beginning of records in 1916. In response to the high lake levels in Dane county, many nearby homes were sandbagged, and public beach and boat docks were closed. Jefferson Co: an early morning, severe thunderstorm dumped large hail on Lake Mills. Another storm's lightning struck a Ft. Atkinson church steeple, resulting in structural and water damage. The evening storms generated damaging winds that uprooted large trees. Lightning started a minor fire on a Lake Mills home's roof. Heavy rains of 2 to 3 inches during the evening generated scattered flash flooding across the county, mostly in the form of gravel shoulder washouts of several roads. Roads near the Rock River in Ft. Atkinson were closed due to the swirling waters. Soil erosion and crop washouts were noted across the county. Rainfall totals of 2.39 inches and 2.72 inches were noted in Ft. Atkinson and Jefferson, respectively. The heavy rains forced the Crawfish River at Milford to exceed the flood stage of 7 feet on June 2nd , and crest at 8.38 feet on June 7th (moderate flooding). Waukesha Co: powerful thunderstorm winds uprooted trees in the Genesee area. Milwaukee Co: large hail was reported in the city of Milwaukee. Torrential rains of around 2 inches in 1 to 2 hours in the city of Fox Point resulted in flash flooding in that city. Landscaping damage and some road damage was noted due to swift water currents. Lafayette Co: a brief tornado occurred north of Calamine. It damaged 2 large pole sheds and uprooted many trees along its short path. Several calves were injured as they were pushed across the road. Eyewitness accounts suggest this F1 tornado (winds about 100 mph) was rain-wrapped. Otherwise, the squall line's powerful winds uprooted trees and over-turned a car-trailer combo east of Belmont. Similar to other counties, flash-flood producing rains followed the winds. Across the county, all mainstem river, stream, creeks, and other low spots experienced flash flooding. Bridge under-cutting was noted on Highway K outside of Gratiot, on Highway H in Jenkynsville, and Highway G in the northwest corner. Moderate to severe damage to road shoulders and washed out driveways was noted countywide. Twenty-one roads were closed at one time or another. At least 75 residential homes and 5 businesses reported flood damage, while 2 private utility buildings suffered damage. Two farm buildings were destroyed by the flood waters, and 15 others damaged. About 7000 acres of farm land were severely damaged. The Pecatonica River in Darlington closed down Highway 23 from the south. The river at this location exceeded the flood stage of 11 feet late on May 31st, and crested at 15.77 feet at 0730CST on June 1st (moderate flooding). Near South Wayne, lightning started a minor house fire. Green Co: pre-dawn and morning urban/small stream flooding occurred countywide due to rainfall that started on May 31st. The rains ended by sunrise. Up to 5 inches of rain fell overnight in the southwest part of the county. Many streams were 5 to 10 feet wide, resulting in water covering low-lying roads to a depth of 1 foot. Several cars were swept into roadside ditches. Urban basements had minor flood damage. Additional heavy rains followed the evening squall line which resulted in a new round of flash flooding across much of the county. Eight miles of the 24 mile long Sugar River State Trail were closed from near Monticello to near Albany due to washed out bridges and undercut paths. Five homes sustained significant damage. Numerous roads were closed due to high water levels and dozens of vehicles were stranded or pushed into roadside ditches. Gravel road shoulder and culvert washouts were noted countywide. Water levels in the city of Brodhead were the highest in many years. Legion Park in Albany was closed after the adjacent Sugar River exceeded flood stage. Moderate to severe soil erosion was noted to 5000 acres of farm fields. The Pecatonica River at Martintown exceeded the flood stage of 13.5 feet at 0000CST on June 1st, and crested at 18.51 feet on June 4th (moderate flooding). Rock Co: powerful thunderstorm winds downed large trees in scattered parts of the county. However, flash-flood producing rains hit during the evening hours. Most mainstem and nearly all streams and creeks jumped their banks. Nine roads along Lake Koshkonong sustained washout damage due to swift water currents. At least 100 homes outside of the major cities sustained damage. Many Beloit and Janesville homes in low spots reported landscape flood damage as well as basement flooding. Flash flood waters also tore through farm fields, leaving moderate to severe soil erosion and crop damage to at least 20,000 acres. Flood waters from the Sugar River in the southwest corner of the county closed roads west of the village of Avon. Walworth Co: no damage reports. Kenosha Co: several rounds of heavy rains during the evening on top of previously saturated soils and high river levels resulted in flash flooding scattered across the county. Several roads had fast-flowing waters 1 to 3 feet deep which resulted in shoulder washouts and cars being swept into roadside ditches. At least 75 homes sustained significant flood damage in the Wheatland, Salem, and Silver Lake areas. About 47,000 acres of farm land had serious soil erosion, and washed or flooded crops. Due to rainfall totals during the evening of 2 to 3 inches, the Fox River at New Munster continued to rise and would eventually crest at 12.76 feet early on June 3rd, or 2.76 feet above flood stage. Three homes Silver Lake homes were evacuated.
40.81992-06-17342°53'N / 89°32'W43°01'N / 89°16'W16.00 Miles400 Yards03025.0M0Dane
41.31980-06-05243°12'N / 88°42'W43°07'N / 88°38'W6.20 Miles33 Yards0025K0Jefferson
41.61954-04-07243°42'N / 88°32'W43°44'N / 88°29'W1.90 Miles33 Yards003K0Fond Du Lac
41.61989-06-26243°25'N / 90°07'W0.30 Mile73 Yards00250K0Sauk
41.81996-07-18543°42'N / 88°37'W43°43'N / 88°23'W13.30 Miles400 Yards01239.5M900KFond Du Lac
 Brief Description: A violent tornado struck the village of Oakfield at about 1815CST after it touched down 4 miles WNW of the village. During its approach on Oakfield it intensified to a F3 rating. When it tore through the village it intensified to a F4, but along its path 1 to 4 miles east of the village it intensified to F5 strength (estimated 265 mph winds). In this span 4 homes were completely swept clean off their foundations and a couple automobiles became airborne missles for a distance of about 400 feet. The core width of the most intense damage was about 150 to 200 yards, although at times, some secondary damage was observed in a 400 yard wide path. Oakfield residents heard local sirens about 8 minutes before the torando entered the village. Miraculously, no one was killed, but there were 12 injuries. Some of the injured were hospitalized. Along the tornadoes path, 60 homes and 6 businesses were destroyed. An additional 130 homes and businesses were damaged. In Oakfield, a commercial canning company was devastated. Two churches in the village were also destroyed, as well as numerous vehicles. In the rural areas along the tornadoes path, 18 barns and many sheds were destroyed or damaged, and about 500 acres of crops were wiped out. Total damage amounts were $39.5 million in public/private property, and $900,000 in crop losses. Residents reported that they had difficulty "popping" their ears as the tornado roared through their neighborhood. Prior to entering Oakfield, the tornado hopped and skipped a few times, and multiple votices were observed at times during its life cycle. Witnesses reported that the tornado "paused" for a minute or so on the southeast edge of Oakfield. As the tornado tore through Oakfield it changed it's heading to east. Corn fields just east of Oakfield were reduced to short 1 to 4 inch high stubble, and burn marks were clearly visible in the fields. In the third segment of the tornadoes life, when it turned northeast at a point 5.5 miles east of Oakfield, it's strength diminished rapidly. By the time it "roped out" 1 mile NW of Eden, it's supporting mesocyclone's position on WSR-88D Doppler was about 5 miles to the south! Debris was found east to the Lake Michigan shoreline, and cancelled checks were later found 125 miles E/SE near Muskegon, MI!
42.42005-08-18342°55'N / 89°26'W42°56'N / 89°03'W17.00 Miles600 Yards12334.3M750KDane
 Brief Description: A strong and destructive tornado spun up at 1715CST about 2.8 miles southeast of the geographic center of Fitchburg (or 2.0 miles north of center of Oregon), about 400 yards southwest of the intersection of CTH MM and Schnieder Rd. It continued east-southeast to the southern edge of Lake Kegonsa and tore through residential neighborhoods about 1/3 to 1/2 mile north of CTH B (Civil Towns of Dunn and Pleasant Springs, and far-northern Stoughton). It moved over the crossing of CTH A with Interstate 90/39, and stayed close to CTH A to its exit point at 1905CST where CTH A crosses into Jefferson County, about 2.8 miles south-southwest of Rockdale. One person was crushed to death in their basement from fireplace and chimney bricks that crashed through the floor. Twenty-three (23) other people were directly injured. In addition, Emergency Management officials received reports of 2 other indirectly-related deaths associated with this strong tornado. In these two cases, the people were already very ill or suffering from a life-ending disease. Injuries they received during the tornado contributed (secondary) to their death, but were not the primary cause of death, based on medical examiner reports. Consequently, these additional two deaths do not appear in the official death tally in the header strip of this event. Numerous homes, businesses, farm buildings, vehicles, power-lines, trees, and other personal effects were either damaged or destroyed along its path that grew to a maximum width of about 600 yards north of Stoughton. As for residential structures, 220 sustained minor damage, 84 had major damage, and 69 were destroyed. As for business structures, 6 sustained minor damage, 1 had major damage, and 1 was destroyed. As for agricultural structures, 5 sustained minor damage, 5 had major damage, and 40 were destroyed. Total estimated damage amounts (directly-related) for private and public sectors combined was $35.06 M, broken down to $34.31 M in property damage and $750 K in crop losses, for the tornado segment in Dane County. This tornado was probably the 3rd most costly tornado in Wisconsin's recorded history (1996 Oakfield tornado and 1984 Barneveld tornadoes were more costly). The $34.31 M in property damage was broken down to private losses (total of 32.29 M) and public losses (total of $2.02 M), per Emergency Manager reports and NWS estimates. The private losses included a total of $25.45 M for residential structures, $1.29 M for businesses, $4.25 M for agricultural structures, $1.00 M for damage to vehicles, boats, and other personal effects, $200 K to agricultural machinery and tools, and $96 K in public road system damage. The public losses making up part of the $34.31 M consisted of $2.02 M in damage to public utility systems. The $750 K in damage attributed to crop losses occurred on an estimated 1,550 acres of land. Additional monetary costs incurred in the public sector (totaling $1.84 M) which are considered indirectly-related damage expenses, and not included in the "direct" totals listed in the header-strip of this event, include: $1.38 M in debris clearance, $308 K in protective measures, and miscellaneous damage/expenses of $144 K. Therefore, the grand total of direct and indirect damage amounts and expenses attributed to this tornado segment in Dane county totaled about $36.89 M. Just south of the tornado, extending out another mile or so, tree and power-line damage resulted from rear-flank downdraft damage - in some cases south to STH 51. This damage is separate from tornado damage, and isn't included in the numbers in previous sentences. Debris from this tornado was lofted by the parent's updraft and carried downstream to scattered locations in the counties of Jefferson, Waukesha, Milwaukee, Walworth, Racine, and Kenosha. This tornado was extensively photographed and video-taped by storm spotters (amateur radio operators, etc.), storm chasers, and private citizens. On occasions, this tornado displayed multiple-vortex characteristics. Due to partial back-building (to the west-southwest) of the supercell's updraft tower, this tornado moved slowly, and was described by some eyewitnesses and spotters as being nearly stationary at times north of Stoughton. The overall slow movement (supercell moved at 12-17 knots, or 10-15 mph), coupled with structures that were not thoroughly reinforced (based on NWS damage survey), allowed the tornado's cyclonic winds to more severely damage buildings in its path. Consequently, although some of the worst damage resembled what would be left by a F4 tornado for well-built homes, this tornado was rated at the top of the F3 category with estimated winds near 174 knots (200 mph). The F3 category has estimated wind speeds of 137-179 knots (158-206 mph). A sampling of newspaper headlines and personal quotes included: "The Sky Just Exploded," "Hard to Believe There Weren't More Deaths," "New Technology Lowers Tornado Deaths," "Counting Losses, Blessings," "It Was Probably The Most Intense Storm In The Country This Year," "It's a Mess Out Here," and "I've Never Experienced Anything Like This." The tornado cut electrical power for 1700 customers in the Stoughton area. The estimated average path length was about 175 yards. M54PH The largest single-day tornado outbreak in Wisconsin recorded history for south-central and southeast Wisconsin occurred on August 18, 2005. Sixteen tornadoes were documented on this day in south-central and southeast Wisconsin, a new single-day record. A line of supercells developed and pushed across south-central Wisconsin during the afternoon hours, and then pushed east across southeast Wisconsin during the evening hours. Most of the tornadoes were associated with two supercells. One main supercell tracked across Sauk County and then into Columbia, producing one F0 and one F2 tornado. The F2 tornado crossed into Columbia County. Another main supercell produced an F3 tornado that devastated the area north of city of Stoughton (Dane Co.), and a weaker F1 tornado just south of the city of Rockdale (Dane Co.). This supercell then tracked into southwestern Jefferson County a short time later, producing two F0 tornadoes and four F1 tornadoes. The sixteen (16) tornadoes contributed largely to both the new state record of 27 tornadoes on a single day, and 62 tornadoes for a calendar year. In additiion, there were scattered reports of funnel clouds, damaging straight-line, downburst winds, and large hail across south-central and southeast Wisconsin. The total direct damage estimate for the afternoon and evening tornado and severe weather outbreak in south-central and southeast Wisconsin on August 18th was about $36.6 M ($35.7 property and $948 K crop). Additional indirect costs totaled almost $1.9 M, resulting in a total direct and direct cost of about $38.5 M. Synoptically, a surface low pressure system was located over extreme southeast Minnesota early in the afternoon. A warm front extended east southeast from the low with dew points pooling in the lower 70s along it. The surface low moved east into east central Wisconsin by 2100CST that evening. Favorable wind shear associated with the warm front, combined with the strong instability supplied by the heat and humidity, helped to produce numerous tornadic supercells.
42.41988-05-08242°53'N / 89°18'W42°59'N / 89°00'W16.00 Miles173 Yards00250K0Dane
42.61957-04-19244°04'N / 89°24'W44°14'N / 89°00'W22.80 Miles50 Yards0125K0Waushara
42.61984-07-10243°58'N / 89°58'W43°58'N / 89°52'W4.00 Miles500 Yards002.5M0Adams
43.51967-03-31243°38'N / 90°11'W43°40'N / 90°08'W1.90 Miles33 Yards00250K0Wood
44.01980-06-05343°08'N / 88°46'W43°04'N / 88°34'W10.70 Miles100 Yards00250K0Jefferson
44.01991-03-27242°57'N / 88°59'W43°00'N / 88°48'W9.00 Miles440 Yards002.5M0Jefferson
44.01980-04-07243°26'N / 88°27'W43°27'N / 88°25'W00250K0Dodge
44.61985-05-30242°55'N / 89°49'W42°57'N / 89°25'W21.00 Miles100 Yards00250K0Dane
45.21991-03-27242°51'N / 89°13'W42°57'N / 88°59'W12.00 Miles440 Yards152.5M0Dane
45.31984-10-16243°46'N / 90°05'W44°02'N / 90°02'W17.00 Miles100 Yards03250K0Juneau
45.41964-08-22243°46'N / 88°27'W1.00 Mile500 Yards00250K0Fond Du Lac
45.71966-05-23243°12'N / 88°32'W43°15'N / 88°28'W4.30 Miles50 Yards03250K0Dodge
45.81959-10-08243°12'N / 88°31'W1.00 Mile33 Yards0025K0Waukesha
45.91990-06-02243°47'N / 88°27'W1.00 Mile100 Yards012.5M0Fond Du Lac
46.11970-10-09242°51'N / 89°10'W42°54'N / 89°13'W3.30 Miles50 Yards00250K0Dane
46.31974-04-21443°54'N / 88°41'W44°04'N / 88°32'W13.50 Miles200 Yards0352.5M0Winnebago
46.71984-06-07542°58'N / 89°59'W43°05'N / 89°50'W10.00 Miles450 Yards9200250K0Iowa
47.31955-04-18242°53'N / 89°35'W42°51'N / 89°24'W9.20 Miles100 Yards00250K0Dane
48.61964-08-22243°48'N / 88°24'W2.00 Miles33 Yards023K0Fond Du Lac
48.61991-03-27242°49'N / 89°22'W42°51'N / 89°13'W7.00 Miles440 Yards002.5M0Rock
48.71981-06-15242°53'N / 88°56'W43°03'N / 88°32'W23.10 Miles50 Yards03250K0Jefferson
49.21988-05-08242°48'N / 89°21'W42°51'N / 89°15'W5.00 Miles173 Yards00250K0Rock
49.31991-03-27242°50'N / 89°24'W42°49'N / 89°22'W4.00 Miles440 Yards000K0Green
49.71985-08-12243°50'N / 90°18'W44°00'N / 90°00'W17.00 Miles880 Yards2222.5M0Juneau


* The information on this page is based on the global volcano database, the U.S. earthquake database of 1638-1985, and the U.S. Tornado and Weather Extremes database of 1950-2010.


 
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