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Gainesville Micro Area Natural Disasters and Weather Extremes

 

The chance of earthquake damage in Gainesville Area is about the same as Texas average and is much lower than the national average. The risk of tornado damage in Gainesville Area is higher than Texas average and is much higher than the national average.

Topics:Earthquake IndexVolcano IndexTornado IndexOther Weather Extremes EventsVolcanos NearbyHistorical Earthquake EventsHistorical Tornado Events

Earthquake Index, #290

Gainesville Area
0.16
Texas
0.04
U.S.
1.81

The earthquake index value is calculated based on historical earthquake events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the earthquake level in a region. A higher earthquake index value means a higher chance of an earthquake.

Volcano Index, #129

Gainesville Area
0.0000
Texas
0.0000
U.S.
0.0023

The volcano index value is calculated based on the currently known volcanoes using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the possibility of a region being affected by a possible volcano eruption. A higher volcano index value means a higher chance of being affected.

Tornado Index, #106

Gainesville Area
267.62
Texas
208.58
U.S.
136.45

The tornado index value is calculated based on historical tornado events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the tornado level in a region. A higher tornado index value means a higher chance of tornado events.

Other Weather Extremes Events

A total of 19,577 other weather extremes events within 50 miles of Gainesville Area were recorded from 1950 to 2010. The following is a break down of these events:

TypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCount
Avalanche:0Blizzard:3Cold:5Dense Fog:13Drought:129
Dust Storm:2Flood:1,697Hail:9,967Heat:35Heavy Snow:95
High Surf:0Hurricane:0Ice Storm:49Landslide:0Strong Wind:114
Thunderstorm Winds:6,846Tropical Storm:3Wildfire:22Winter Storm:64Winter Weather:75
Other:458 

Volcanos Nearby

No volcano is found in or near Gainesville Area.

Historical Earthquake Events

No historical earthquake events that had recorded magnitudes of 3.5 or above found in or near Gainesville Area.

No historical earthquake events found in or near Gainesville Area.

Historical Tornado Events

A total of 100 historical tornado events that had recorded magnitude of 2 or above found in or near Gainesville Area.

Distance (miles)DateMagnitudeStart Lat/LogEnd Lat/LogLengthWidthFatalitiesInjuriesProperty DamageCrop DamageAffected County
2.01974-10-28233°39'N / 97°12'W33°38'N / 97°09'W3.30 Miles33 Yards00250K0Cooke
2.51955-03-31233°38'N / 97°10'W33°39'N / 97°10'W1.10 Miles33 Yards00250K0Cooke
3.51974-10-30233°38'N / 97°09'W0.50 Mile40 Yards01250K0Cooke
3.51994-04-26233°32'N / 97°16'W33°44'N / 97°02'W16.00 Miles200 Yards0850.0M0Cooke
 Brief Description: A tornado touched down approximately eight miles southwest of Gainesville, then moved northeast through the western and northern parts of Gainesville, then east-northeast to near Callisburg before lifting. The tornado moved through at least one house subdivision and two mobile home parks. Seventy homes were damaged, 15 mobile homes destroyed, and 52 mobile homes were damaged. Severe damage was done to a multi-story apartment complex, and 14 businesses were damaged. Several cars and trucks were flipped over as the tornado crossed Interstate 35. Near Callisburg, the Callisburg High School was damaged, a mobile home was unroofed, a house was destroyed, and trees were blown down across county roads. Total damage was estimated at over 7 million dollars. Muenster,26,1445CST,,,0,0,0,0,Hail (1.75) 2 W Gainesville,26,1450CST,1,100,0,0,5,0,Tornado (F0) A tornado touched down between Lindsay and Gainesville just south of Highway 82, crossing Highway 82 just south of the Municipal Airport before lifting. There were numerous reports of trees and power lines downed across city streets, and damage was done to two barns and a truck.
7.31955-04-06333°34'N / 97°13'W33°38'N / 96°58'W15.10 Miles33 Yards00250K0Cooke
8.81961-06-07233°31'N / 97°10'W1.00 Mile100 Yards000K0Cooke
8.81959-03-31333°42'N / 97°08'W33°42'N / 97°01'W6.80 Miles1760 Yards0162.5M0Cooke
10.61968-03-30233°30'N / 97°10'W33°30'N / 97°06'W3.60 Miles100 Yards0025K0Cooke
11.61997-05-25233°37'N / 97°26'W33°36'N / 97°23'W1.00 Mile75 Yards00100K0Cooke
 Brief Description: A tornado blew over a 1500 lb pumpjack, snapped 25 power poles, destroyed several barns, damaged roofs, and damaged or destroyed numerous trees.
12.21975-03-27233°28'N / 97°10'W2.00 Miles320 Yards0225K0Cooke
13.31968-04-19233°30'N / 97°03'W1.50 Miles23 Yards0025K0Cooke
15.71995-05-07333°31'N / 97°32'W33°48'N / 97°26'W19.00 Miles880 Yards1112.0M0Montague
 Brief Description: Tornado number two was a large tornado with a path one-half mile wide and 19 miles long. The storm ripped through Montague County, killing a 97 year-old man near Forestburg and injuring 11 other people. At least 30 houses and two mobile homes were destroyed, numerous barns and other outbuildings were destroyed, telephone and power lines were downed across the eastern half of the county, and an undetermined number of cattle and dairy cows were killed or injured. (M97O)
17.71966-05-23233°43'N / 96°55'W33°43'N / 96°55'W0025K0Dallas
18.61974-10-30233°43'N / 96°54'W0025K0Grayson
18.81969-05-15233°22'N / 97°12'W0.20 Mile33 Yards0025K0Denton
20.01955-04-06233°34'N / 96°54'W33°37'N / 96°50'W5.20 Miles33 Yards000K0Grayson
20.91955-04-06233°22'N / 97°11'W33°25'N / 96°49'W21.40 Miles33 Yards0125K0Denton
21.01976-04-19233°52'N / 97°26'W33°56'N / 97°22'W6.10 Miles100 Yards00250K0Love
22.01974-05-14333°32'N / 96°51'W2.00 Miles33 Yards000K0Grayson
23.21982-04-02333°58'N / 97°07'W0.50 Mile30 Yards002.5M0Love
24.31971-12-14233°56'N / 97°08'W34°02'N / 97°07'W6.90 Miles150 Yards0025K0Love
24.61976-04-19333°45'N / 97°35'W33°54'N / 97°34'W10.40 Miles373 Yards02250K0Montague
25.61973-03-10333°46'N / 96°51'W33°46'N / 96°44'W6.80 Miles100 Yards030K0Grayson
25.71967-06-29233°16'N / 97°13'W1.00 Mile33 Yards003K0Denton
25.81966-06-12333°18'N / 97°00'W33°20'N / 96°58'W3.60 Miles133 Yards000K0Denton
26.11981-05-17233°16'N / 97°20'W33°16'N / 97°15'W4.90 Miles123 Yards003K0Denton
26.51995-05-07333°50'N / 97°25'W34°12'N / 97°10'W34.00 Miles700 Yards36500K0Carter
27.71957-04-18333°42'N / 96°44'W1.00 Mile17 Yards003K0Grayson
28.12003-05-08234°03'N / 97°10'W34°02'N / 97°07'W4.00 Miles440 Yards00150K0Love
 Brief Description: This is the second Oklahoma tornado of three that was produced by a supercell that moved across south central Oklahoma. This strong F2 tornado moved southeast and then turned more easterly before dissipating within Lake Murray State Park. A double-wide mobile home was destroyed by the tornado. A brick home lost two of its walls and the roof was removed. Four other homes were also heavily damaged with roofs removed and walls damaged. Two barns were also damaged. The tornado crossed Interstate 35 near mile marker 21. A tractor trailer was blown off the interstate just south of this location. The state park sustained some tree damage on the southwest side of Lake Murray. This was the first of three tornadic events in two days for Oklahoma. The other two events occurred on the afternoon of May 8 and on May 9, 2003 (see appropriate storm data). The five tornadoes that occurred in south central Oklahoma all happened after midnight with the strongest tornadoes producing F2 damage. One large supercell produced the three strongest tornadoes of the night.
28.51971-03-12333°23'N / 96°50'W33°26'N / 96°46'W5.20 Miles440 Yards000K0Grayson
29.01953-03-13333°55'N / 97°16'W34°11'N / 96°57'W25.80 Miles200 Yards21125K0Love
29.51985-04-29234°03'N / 97°12'W34°05'N / 97°11'W2.50 Miles880 Yards002.5M0Love
29.72009-02-10233°57'N / 97°33'W34°04'N / 97°24'W12.00 Miles300 Yards000K0KLove
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: The thunderstorm that produced this tornado began near Breckenridge and Graham, TX. The storm moved northeast. A long-track tornado developed over far southeast Jefferson County, near the Red River. The tornado continued northeast into Love County crossing through rural farmland north of Courtney, Rubottom and Oswalt. Sporadic structural damage was noted in both Jefferson and Love counties, with tree damage also seen. The tornado then crossed into Carter County, where it did its most significant damage in and around the Lone Grove area. The tornado continued northeast, with major damage reported in the Majestic Hills addition and crossing Interstate-35 about a mile and a half north of the Prairie Valley Road exit. At least eight homes and a small private school were destroyed in the Majestic Hills neighborhood. It moved through rural areas of Northeast Carter County to the east of Springer. Approximately 46 people were injured, with 14 seriously injured. Eight people died in the Lone Grove area. At least 114 homes were damaged or destroyed, with at least 3500 losing power in and around Carter county. Debris from this tornado was carried as far away as Sulphur. Monetary damages were estimated. EPISODE NARRATIVE: Thunderstorms developed early in the afternoon, from near the Lawton area, northeast toward the Oklahoma metro area. Thunderstorms became severe relatively quickly as they moved through Caddo and Grady counties, and began to show signs of rotation as they moved toward western Oklahoma City. One supercell thunderstorm spawned several tornadoes as it moved through western and northern Oklahoma. Sporadic damage was reported along its path, some of it significant as it moved through northern Oklahoma county and southern Logan county. Other supercells developed near the same areas of Caddo and Grady counties and moved northeast. Some locations received several rounds of very large hail through the afternoon. Later in the afternoon, a second area of thunderstorms developed over northern Texas. Several supercell thunderstorms developed and moved northeast toward the Red River. One supercell thunderstorm moved northeast over Clay county and northwest Montague county. A tornado developed as it moved into Jefferson county near the Red River. It continued northeast through western Love county and into Carter County. Significant damage was reported in and around the Lone Grove area and over the far north sides of Ardmore. There were eight fatalities in and around Lone Grove. The tornado crossed Interstate 35 and eventually crossed into southern Murray county. Wind damage was reported in Coal and Atoka counties. Minor injuries were reported with the Atoka county thunderstorms. Monetary damages were estimated.
30.51959-07-13233°48'N / 96°43'W1.00 Mile13 Yards003K0Grayson
30.51965-04-14333°52'N / 97°40'W1.00 Mile200 Yards000K0Montague
30.71963-09-06233°30'N / 97°43'W0.10 Mile17 Yards0025K0Montague
30.71964-08-26233°47'N / 97°43'W0.10 Mile17 Yards0025K0Montague
31.31952-04-03233°36'N / 96°42'W33°38'N / 96°38'W4.90 Miles200 Yards0125K0Grayson
31.51965-08-06233°46'N / 96°41'W0.50 Mile17 Yards003K0Grayson
31.51976-04-19234°02'N / 97°02'W34°06'N / 97°00'W5.10 Miles60 Yards0025K0Love
32.92001-10-12233°14'N / 97°36'W33°18'N / 97°32'W9.00 Miles590 Yards01750K0Wise
 Brief Description: The second Wise county tornado touched down on the southwest side of Decatur, with initial damage to trees and a large storage shed. The tornado strengthened as it moved east northeast into the Lipsey Subdivision. Several homes sustained roof damage and numerous trees were blown down or snapped off. One large home on Garland Street was rendered uninhabitable, as most of the roof was blown off and two exterior walls were destroyed. The occupant escaped with minor injuries. The tornado crossed Highway 51, blowing down numerous trees, power lines, and utility poles. A large portion of the roof of the Church of Christ building was removed and blown into a tree about one mile away. The Wise County Regional Hospital had some windows broken. As the tornado crossed Highway 287, it weakened doing sporadic F0 damage to trees in a residential area just south of downtown. The tornado reintensified just east of downtown near the intersection if Business Highway 81 and Old Denton Road, where a 10,000 square foot storage building was destroyed. The tornado continued moving northeast, severely damaging three homes. Two four inch diameter posts from a gazebo were thrown 1/4 of a mile and driven one foot into the ground. The tornado crossed Highway 380, heavily damaging a ranch, then moved into a heavily wooded area blowing down hundreds of trees before dissipating. Damage occurred to 50 homes,at least 8 businesses, and 2 churches. Showers and thunderstorms developed across north Texas, mainly in the afternoon and night resulting in widespread severe weather, during the period October 10-13. The most significant event occured during the late afternoon and night of October 12, as a line of severe thunderstorms moved east across north texas producing eight tornadoes, and nearly two million dollars in damage.
33.91955-04-06233°25'N / 96°49'W33°27'N / 96°32'W16.50 Miles33 Yards0025K0Grayson
34.11971-03-12333°58'N / 96°53'W33°54'N / 96°35'W17.80 Miles250 Yards01250K0Marshall
35.31958-04-02333°39'N / 97°54'W33°52'N / 97°43'W18.20 Miles300 Yards0125K0Montague
35.41957-04-02233°56'N / 97°43'W2.00 Miles33 Yards0125K0Montague
35.51959-03-31333°53'N / 96°48'W34°01'N / 96°38'W13.20 Miles600 Yards010250K0Marshall
35.61990-04-25233°15'N / 97°37'W0.20 Mile10 Yards000K0Wise
35.71985-04-29234°05'N / 97°11'W34°13'N / 97°03'W11.50 Miles880 Yards012.5M0Carter
35.92009-02-10434°04'N / 97°24'W34°15'N / 97°06'W21.00 Miles880 Yards803.0M0KCarter
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: This long track tornado developed over far southeast Jefferson County, near the Red River, and continued northeast into Love County crossing through rural farmland north of Courtney, Rubottom and Oswalt. The tornado then crossed into Carter County, with sporadic damage noted in the sparsely populated areas in the southwest part of the county. The tornado appeared to reach its maximum width and intensity as it approached and moved through Lone Grove. The tornado destroyed or severely damaged numerous mobile homes, homes and businesses in and around Lone Grove. Numerous mobile homes were completely obliterated with few recognizable pieces left. EF4 damage was noted at two locations, one in Lone Grove and the other in the Majestic Hills area north of Ardmore. Numerous vehicles were rolled or thrown, some for considerable distances. Six of the fatalities occurred in mobile homes and one in a well-built home that sustained EF4 damage. The eighth fatality occurred when a truck driving south on Interstate 35 was hit by the tornado killing the driver. The tornado continued northeast, with major damage reported in the Majestic Hills addition and crossing Interstate-35 about a mile and a half north of the Prairie Valley Road exit. At least eight homes and a small private school were destroyed in the Majestic Hills neighborhood. It moved through rural areas of Northeast Carter County to the east of Springer. Approximately 46 people were injured, with 14 seriously injured. Eight people died in the Lone Grove area. At least 114 homes were damaged or destroyed, with at least 3500 losing power in and around Carter county. Debris from this tornado was picked up as far away as Sulphur. Monetary damage estimates were not available. EPISODE NARRATIVE: Thunderstorms developed early in the afternoon, from near the Lawton area, northeast toward the Oklahoma metro area. Thunderstorms became severe relatively quickly as they moved through Caddo and Grady counties, and began to show signs of rotation as they moved toward western Oklahoma City. One supercell thunderstorm spawned several tornadoes as it moved through western and northern Oklahoma. Sporadic damage was reported along its path, some of it significant as it moved through northern Oklahoma county and southern Logan county. Other supercells developed near the same areas of Caddo and Grady counties and moved northeast. Some locations received several rounds of very large hail through the afternoon. Later in the afternoon, a second area of thunderstorms developed over northern Texas. Several supercell thunderstorms developed and moved northeast toward the Red River. One supercell thunderstorm moved northeast over Clay county and northwest Montague county. A tornado developed as it moved into Jefferson county near the Red River. It continued northeast through western Love county and into Carter County. Significant damage was reported in and around the Lone Grove area and over the far north sides of Ardmore. There were eight fatalities in and around Lone Grove. The tornado crossed Interstate 35 and eventually crossed into southern Murray county. Wind damage was reported in Coal and Atoka counties. Minor injuries were reported with the Atoka county thunderstorms. Monetary damages were estimated.
36.11971-12-14233°37'N / 96°35'W0.60 Mile20 Yards01250K0Grayson
36.52003-05-08234°04'N / 96°57'W34°08'N / 96°51'W7.00 Miles300 Yards00100K0Marshall
 Brief Description: This strong F2 tornado is the final of three Oklahoma tornadoes produced by a supercell that moved across south central Oklahoma. The tornado was seen by spotters touching down approximately a mile east of the Carter-Marshall county line. The tornado then moved northeast before dissipating north of Antioch. The most significant damage was sustained in an area about three miles west of Antioch along Highway 70. A wood frame home lost its roof and two walls. Two barns also lost roofs in this area. A forty foot by one hundred foot barn south of Highway 70 was heavily damaged. Three tractors were also damaged. One of the tractors was hooked up to a hay baler and was moved 100 yards. This was the first of three tornadic events in two days for Oklahoma. The other two events occurred on the afternoon of May 8 and on May 9, 2003 (see appropriate storm data). The five tornadoes that occurred in south central Oklahoma all happened after midnight with the strongest tornadoes producing F2 damage. One large supercell produced the three strongest tornadoes of the night.
36.71971-07-26233°08'N / 97°01'W0.50 Mile17 Yards0125K0Denton
36.82008-12-08233°42'N / 96°36'W33°43'N / 96°33'W4.00 Miles125 Yards03750K0KGrayson
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: According to a damage survey conducted by the National Weather Service in Fort Worth, a lower EF-2 tornado affected areas of south and southwest Denison. Trees and power lines were downed. Dozens of homes, storage shelters, and businesses were damaged. About 500 homes in the area were without power. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A dry line moved across north Texas as an upper level trough moved through the Desert Southwest. A line of thunderstorms developed and became severe as the night wore on. Two tornadoes and several downbursts caused significant damage across Grayson County. Strong winds followed behind a cold front and caused damage to power lines.
36.91964-04-03234°03'N / 96°48'W0.50 Mile123 Yards000K0Marshall
37.01960-05-20233°38'N / 96°35'W33°39'N / 96°33'W2.70 Miles67 Yards00250K0Grayson
37.01990-04-09234°08'N / 97°16'W34°13'N / 97°06'W11.00 Miles440 Yards04250K0Carter
37.11959-11-03233°34'N / 97°51'W0.50 Mile33 Yards0025K0Montague
37.71992-05-11234°00'N / 96°43'W2.00 Miles100 Yards0132.5M0Marshall
37.81960-08-21233°07'N / 97°01'W0.20 Mile40 Yards0225K0Denton
37.91971-03-12333°30'N / 96°36'W33°33'N / 96°32'W5.10 Miles440 Yards000K0Grayson
37.91971-03-12333°30'N / 96°36'W33°33'N / 96°32'W5.10 Miles440 Yards000K0Grayson
37.91979-04-11234°02'N / 96°45'W0025K0Marshall
38.01957-04-02233°28'N / 96°35'W0225K0Grayson
38.21991-04-28233°10'N / 96°52'W0.50 Mile77 Yards00250K0Denton
38.31977-03-02234°06'N / 97°33'W34°11'N / 97°26'W8.80 Miles100 Yards0025K0Carter
38.41959-11-03233°05'N / 97°14'W1.20 Miles300 Yards0025K0Denton
38.61957-04-02333°24'N / 96°37'W33°25'N / 96°35'W2.70 Miles33 Yards02250K0Grayson
39.21959-03-25234°11'N / 97°08'W34°13'N / 97°05'W3.80 Miles50 Yards000K0Carter
39.31964-04-03333°57'N / 96°41'W33°59'N / 96°37'W4.90 Miles200 Yards00250K0Marshall
39.62010-05-10234°10'N / 97°30'W34°11'N / 97°25'W5.00 Miles400 Yards000K0KCarter
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: Tornado #E2. Mobile homes were destroyed and seriously damaged and significant tree damage occurred as a tornado moved from 4 miles south-southwest of Healdton to 2 miles north-northwest of Wilson. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A significant outbreak of severe thunderstorms and tornadoes affected a large part of northern, central, and southern Oklahoma. Tornadoes were most numerous across central and southern Oklahoma, with significant damage occurring over many areas. Severe thunderstorms erupted by mid afternoon across northern and western Oklahoma. Given the potent combination of ingredients in place, storms began to produce tornadoes quickly after initiation. Storm motions of 50 to 60 mph were common. During the mid afternoon hours, severe weather was confined to northern Oklahoma. It was there a long track supercell storm produced tornadoes near the Kansas border - including one rated EF3 - from near Wakita to north of Braman. The capping inversion that had delayed thunderstorm development into central Oklahoma weakened, allowing for explosive supercell development along the dry line along and west of the Interstate 35 corridor. Rapid development and intensification was common with the late afternoon storms, with storms becoming tornadic within a very short time after initiation. This round of storms would directly impact a large part of the Oklahoma City metro area at rush hour, and posed a significant threat to the area. The first tornado in this area occurred in Canadian County. During the next several hours, tornadoes were clustered around the metro area, and at times there were multiple significant damaging tornadoes occurring simultaneously. Several of the tornadoes had long tracks. Damage from the tornadoes was substantial, with numerous structures, vehicles, trees and power poles/lines significantly damaged or destroyed. One of the more intense tornadoes moved across Lake Thunderbird east of Norman destroying numerous boats. More storms developed across southwest and south central Oklahoma, and also quickly became tornadic. By 9 pm, 35 tornadoes had been reported. While the loss of three lives was tragic, the casualties could have been much higher given the storm's fast motions, their intensity, the time of day and the areas impacted. While exact monetary damage figures were not available, it is estimated that losses were in excess of $595 million. At least 450 sustained injuries, most of them minor. Unfortunately three people lost their lives. Note: The large number of injuries and tornadoes made it difficult to associate injuries with specific tornadoes. Injury numbers were included when we had confidence in the numbers. Note: The complex nature of storm evolutions and interactions made the job of classifying tornadoes difficult. This represents our best scientific assessment based on ground and aerial surveys, data from multiple radars, photographic and video evidence and anecdotal information.
39.61981-03-17233°45'N / 96°32'W1.00 Mile73 Yards01250K0Grayson
39.91957-04-02333°17'N / 96°37'W33°24'N / 96°37'W8.00 Miles33 Yards02250K0Collin
40.51965-05-12233°18'N / 97°47'W0.10 Mile17 Yards0025K0Wise
40.62006-05-09333°22'N / 96°31'W33°24'N / 96°38'W4.00 Miles300 Yards261.0M0Collin
 Brief Description: A damage survey conducted by the National Weather Service in Fort Worth found that a significant tornado developed approximately three miles east-northeast of Anna. A house was unroofed and another damaged just east of Collin County Road 477. Trees and power lines were also downed. A roof was damaged along FM 2862 west of Collin County Road 480. The tornado ranged from an F1 to an F2 on the Fujita Tornado Intensity Scale during this part of its lifetime. The tornado then turned on a slightly more northerly track. The tornado reached its maximum intensity of F3 as it crossed FM 3133 just north of the Westminster community. Vegetation west of FM 3133 was scoured. Two homes were heavily damaged south of Collin County Road 531. A mobile home and several permanent structures suffered heavy damage along Brangus and Black Roads, near the Collin-Grayson County line. These were the locations of the fatalities. Several other people suffered injuries and were transported to hospitals. Numerous livestock were killed. The affected parts of Collin County were declared disaster areas. The tornado continued on its destructive path as it crossed into Grayson County. F80MH, M82MH
40.91955-04-06333°38'N / 96°36'W33°36'N / 96°24'W11.90 Miles67 Yards1272.5M0Grayson
41.31973-12-03233°04'N / 97°00'W0.10 Mile7 Yards003K0Denton
41.42001-10-12233°09'N / 97°39'W33°09'N / 97°36'W2.50 Miles440 Yards01200K0Wise
 Brief Description: The first tornado touched down in southwest Paradise at the intersection of School House Road and Sunflower. Initial damage was spotty, with damage to trees, mobile homes, and outbuildings. The tornado strengthened as it moved northeast into the downtown area, with the peak F2 intensity along Main Street. The roof of the firehouse was completely removed and thrown several hundred yards. Some bricks on the exterior walls of the firehouse were removed. A woman in the firehouse received a head injury from flying debris, and was treated at a local hospital. A water tower was blown over across the street from the firehouse. Numerous trees along Main Street were either sheared off or uprooted. The tornado crossed Highway114, flipping over a tractor trailer and causing tree damage at an orchard. Showers and thunderstorms developed across north Texas, mainly in the afternoon and night resulting in widespread severe weather, during the period October 10-13. The most significant event occured during the late afternoon and night of October 12, as a line of severe thunderstorms moved east across north texas producing eight tornadoes, and nearly two million dollars in damage.
41.51963-04-22233°08'N / 96°49'W33°12'N / 96°43'W7.70 Miles1760 Yards00250K0Collin
41.51970-06-23233°45'N / 96°30'W0.10 Mile67 Yards003K0Grayson
41.61977-03-27233°12'N / 96°43'W00250K0Collin
41.71971-03-12333°54'N / 96°35'W33°51'N / 96°30'W6.20 Miles250 Yards03250K0Bryan
42.42010-05-10334°14'N / 97°19'W34°16'N / 97°15'W5.00 Miles400 Yards000K0KCarter
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: At least 4 mobile homes and 1 foundation home were destroyed by a large tornado. Other homes and outbuildings sustained minor to moderate damage. Widespread tree and power line damage was also noted along its track, and some high tension lines were downed. This tornado is labeled #E3. Monetary damages were estimated. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A significant outbreak of severe thunderstorms and tornadoes affected a large part of northern, central, and southern Oklahoma. Tornadoes were most numerous across central and southern Oklahoma, with significant damage occurring over many areas. Severe thunderstorms erupted by mid afternoon across northern and western Oklahoma. Given the potent combination of ingredients in place, storms began to produce tornadoes quickly after initiation. Storm motions of 50 to 60 mph were common. During the mid afternoon hours, severe weather was confined to northern Oklahoma. It was there a long track supercell storm produced tornadoes near the Kansas border - including one rated EF3 - from near Wakita to north of Braman. The capping inversion that had delayed thunderstorm development into central Oklahoma weakened, allowing for explosive supercell development along the dry line along and west of the Interstate 35 corridor. Rapid development and intensification was common with the late afternoon storms, with storms becoming tornadic within a very short time after initiation. This round of storms would directly impact a large part of the Oklahoma City metro area at rush hour, and posed a significant threat to the area. The first tornado in this area occurred in Canadian County. During the next several hours, tornadoes were clustered around the metro area, and at times there were multiple significant damaging tornadoes occurring simultaneously. Several of the tornadoes had long tracks. Damage from the tornadoes was substantial, with numerous structures, vehicles, trees and power poles/lines significantly damaged or destroyed. One of the more intense tornadoes moved across Lake Thunderbird east of Norman destroying numerous boats. More storms developed across southwest and south central Oklahoma, and also quickly became tornadic. By 9 pm, 35 tornadoes had been reported. While the loss of three lives was tragic, the casualties could have been much higher given the storm's fast motions, their intensity, the time of day and the areas impacted. While exact monetary damage figures were not available, it is estimated that losses were in excess of $595 million. At least 450 sustained injuries, most of them minor. Unfortunately three people lost their lives. Note: The large number of injuries and tornadoes made it difficult to associate injuries with specific tornadoes. Injury numbers were included when we had confidence in the numbers. Note: The complex nature of storm evolutions and interactions made the job of classifying tornadoes difficult. This represents our best scientific assessment based on ground and aerial surveys, data from multiple radars, photographic and video evidence and anecdotal information.
43.02003-05-08234°10'N / 97°40'W34°09'N / 97°35'W6.00 Miles150 Yards0070K0Jefferson
 Brief Description: This nighttime tornado is the first of three Oklahoma tornadoes produced by a large supercell that moved across south central Oklahoma. The tornado moved east-southeast for six miles before dissipating. Several homes lost all or part of their roofs with several other homes receiving shingle damage. Four barns were damaged or destroyed. One pole barn had the poles, that were buried three feet deep, pulled out of the ground. A cinder block building also collapsed. Many trees and power lines were downed or damaged by the tornado. Two of the trees were over 100 years old. Three horses were also injured by the tornado. This was the first of three tornadic events in two days for Oklahoma. The other two events occurred on the afternoon of May 8 and on May 9, 2003 (see appropriate storm data). The five tornadoes that occurred in south central Oklahoma all happened after midnight with the strongest tornadoes producing F2 damage. One large supercell produced the three strongest tornadoes of the night.
43.21957-04-02434°00'N / 96°39'W34°03'N / 96°35'W5.20 Miles200 Yards262.5M0Marshall
43.61971-12-14233°02'N / 97°00'W0.10 Mile17 Yards0025K0Denton
43.91957-07-20234°14'N / 97°29'W000K0Carter
45.11979-10-30334°14'N / 97°16'W34°21'N / 97°14'W8.40 Miles530 Yards32250K0Carter
45.21964-04-03234°06'N / 96°39'W000K0Marshall
46.21957-04-02333°02'N / 97°33'W01250K0Wise
46.81977-03-02234°19'N / 97°13'W1.00 Mile33 Yards0525K0Carter
46.91975-05-29233°00'N / 97°29'W00250K0Wise
46.91996-04-13233°03'N / 97°37'W33°03'N / 97°37'W0.50 Mile75 Yards00100K0Wise
 Brief Description: Two mobile homes and a barn were destroyed by a tornado in Keeter.
47.11975-05-14232°58'N / 97°21'W0.50 Mile100 Yards0125K0Tarrant
47.31951-05-09234°00'N / 96°36'W34°07'N / 96°31'W9.40 Miles100 Yards0025K0Bryan
47.41964-04-03333°59'N / 96°37'W34°05'N / 96°27'W11.80 Miles200 Yards01250K0Bryan
47.81990-04-25233°04'N / 97°43'W33°05'N / 97°40'W5.00 Miles100 Yards000K0Wise
48.22006-05-09333°23'N / 96°26'W33°27'N / 96°24'W5.30 Miles300 Yards14500K0Grayson
 Brief Description: A significant tornado which formed in northern Collin County continued into southeastern Grayson County. A damage survey conducted by the National Weather Service in Fort Worth found that the tornado remained strong F3 as it crossed into Grayson County. A fatality occurred on Black Road, just over the border into Grayson County, where permanent homes suffered heavy damage. Numerous trees were snapped or uprooted along Yellow Bridge Road, Durham Road, and Red Moore Road. The tornado damaged outbuildings, rolled over a mobile home, and caused at least minor damage to structures in the area. The tornado, which had briefly weakened to an F1, strengthened again and caused F2 damage as it approached Gordon Road southeast of the Pilot Grove community. At least two additional homes were heavily damaged. The tornado crossed FM 121 and damaged a shed along Bethel Canyon Road, just west of Highway 160. The tornado crossed Highway 160, weakened to an F0, and dissipated approximately three miles south of Whitewright just before 11 PM. In addition to the fatality, several people suffered injuries and were transported to the hospital. M14PH
48.31953-03-13334°11'N / 96°57'W34°19'N / 96°39'W19.50 Miles33 Yards0025K0Carter
48.91959-05-26334°19'N / 97°27'W34°20'N / 97°24'W3.30 Miles60 Yards0825K0Carter
50.01973-11-24233°00'N / 97°37'W0025K0Wise


* The information on this page is based on the global volcano database, the U.S. earthquake database of 1638-1985, and the U.S. Tornado and Weather Extremes database of 1950-2010.


 
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