Essex is located close to the center of Maryland. Essex is part of Baltimore County. Essex has 9.26 square miles of land area and 2.64 square miles of water area. As of 2010-2014, the total Essex population is 37,380, which has shrunk 4.35% since 2000. The population growth rate is much lower than the state average rate of 11.16% and is much lower than the national average rate of 11.61%. Essex median household income is $50,311 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 43.84% since 2000. The income growth rate is higher than the state average rate of 40.25% and is much higher than the national average rate of 27.36%. Essex median house value is $183,800 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 86.79% since 2000. The house value growth rate is lower than the state average rate of 96.92% and is much higher than the national average rate of 46.91%. As a reference, the national Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation rate for the same period is 26.63%. On average, the public school district that covers Essex is close to the state average in quality. The Essex area codes are 410, 443.