Elgin is located in northeast Oregon. Elgin is part of Union County. Elgin has 0.99 square miles of land area and has no water area. As of 2010-2014, the total Elgin population is 1,699, which has grown 2.72% since 2000. The population growth rate is much lower than the state average rate of 14.00% and is much lower than the national average rate of 11.61%. Elgin median household income is $40,438 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 28.58% since 2000. The income growth rate is higher than the state average rate of 23.47% and is about the same as the national average rate of 27.36%. Elgin median house value is $104,000 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 40.92% since 2000. The house value growth rate is lower than the state average rate of 53.91% and is lower than the national average rate of 46.91%. As a reference, the national Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation rate for the same period is 26.63%. On average, the public school district that covers Elgin is close to the state average in quality. The Elgin area code is 541.