Elgin is located in east Nebraska. Elgin is between the Antelope, Boone, Wheeler county. Elgin has 0.71 square miles of land area and has no water area. As of 2010-2014, the total Elgin population is 524, which has shrunk 28.71% since 2000. The population growth rate is much lower than the state average rate of 8.44% and is much lower than the national average rate of 11.61%. Elgin median household income is $41,250 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 38.27% since 2000. The income growth rate is higher than the state average rate of 33.50% and is higher than the national average rate of 27.36%. Elgin median house value is $72,500 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 42.16% since 2000. The house value growth rate is lower than the state average rate of 47.84% and is lower than the national average rate of 46.91%. As a reference, the national Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation rate for the same period is 26.63%. On average, the public school district that covers Elgin is much better than the state average in quality. The Elgin area code is 402.