Elba is located in west New York. Elba is between the Genesee, Orleans county. Elba has 1.02 square miles of land area and has no water area. As of 2010-2014, the total Elba population is 644, which has shrunk 7.47% since 2000. The population growth rate is much lower than the state average rate of 3.26% and is much lower than the national average rate of 11.61%. Elba median household income is $73,036 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 53.39% since 2000. The income growth rate is much higher than the state average rate of 35.25% and is much higher than the national average rate of 27.36%. Elba median house value is $112,700 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 37.94% since 2000. The house value growth rate is much lower than the state average rate of 90.79% and is lower than the national average rate of 46.91%. As a reference, the national Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation rate for the same period is 26.63%. On average, the public school district that covers Elba is close to the state average in quality. The Elba area code is 585.