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Elba, AL Natural Disasters and Weather Extremes

 
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The chance of earthquake damage in Elba is about the same as Alabama average and is much lower than the national average. The risk of tornado damage in Elba is lower than Alabama average and is much higher than the national average.

Topics:Earthquake IndexVolcano IndexTornado IndexOther Weather Extremes EventsVolcanos NearbyHistorical Earthquake EventsHistorical Tornado Events

Earthquake Index, #727

Elba, AL
0.00
Alabama
0.08
U.S.
1.81

The earthquake index value is calculated based on historical earthquake events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the earthquake level in a region. A higher earthquake index value means a higher chance of an earthquake.

Volcano Index, #1

Elba, AL
0.0000
Alabama
0.0000
U.S.
0.0023

The volcano index value is calculated based on the currently known volcanoes using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the possibility of a region being affected by a possible volcano eruption. A higher volcano index value means a higher chance of being affected.

Tornado Index, #420

Elba, AL
211.67
Alabama
255.80
U.S.
136.45

The tornado index value is calculated based on historical tornado events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the tornado level in a region. A higher tornado index value means a higher chance of tornado events.

Other Weather Extremes Events

A total of 1,616 other weather extremes events within 50 miles of Elba, AL were recorded from 1950 to 2010. The following is a break down of these events:

TypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCount
Avalanche:0Blizzard:0Cold:0Dense Fog:0Drought:4
Dust Storm:0Flood:73Hail:424Heat:0Heavy Snow:1
High Surf:0Hurricane:1Ice Storm:0Landslide:0Strong Wind:2
Thunderstorm Winds:1,045Tropical Storm:4Wildfire:0Winter Storm:0Winter Weather:0
Other:62 

Volcanos Nearby

No volcano is found in or near Elba, AL.

Historical Earthquake Events

No historical earthquake events that had recorded magnitudes of 3.5 or above found in or near Elba, AL.

No historical earthquake events found in or near Elba, AL.

Historical Tornado Events

A total of 74 historical tornado events that had recorded magnitude of 2 or above found in or near Elba, AL.

Distance (miles)DateMagnitudeStart Lat/LogEnd Lat/LogLengthWidthFatalitiesInjuriesProperty DamageCrop DamageAffected County
0.61973-04-18231°25'N / 86°04'W1.00 Mile100 Yards0142.5M0Coffee
5.31971-09-17331°25'N / 86°10'W0.30 Mile100 Yards0025K0Coffee
8.81983-05-16331°23'N / 85°56'W1.50 Miles150 Yards01250K0Coffee
12.11969-05-18231°33'N / 86°14'W31°35'N / 86°08'W6.40 Miles33 Yards0025K0Crenshaw
13.71959-03-21231°20'N / 85°52'W31°22'N / 85°51'W2.70 Miles150 Yards0025K0Coffee
13.81986-11-25331°23'N / 85°56'W31°33'N / 85°46'W14.00 Miles200 Yards032.5M0Coffee
14.81973-12-29331°19'N / 85°54'W31°20'N / 85°48'W5.90 Miles67 Yards0112.5M0Coffee
15.32006-11-15231°12'N / 86°22'W31°23'N / 86°13'W16.00 Miles300 Yards001.0M0KCovington
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: The tornado first touched down near Hillcrest Ponds around the junction of county roads 34 and 45, then moved northeast, before lifting back into the clouds near county road 70 just west of Friendship. Considerable damage occurred along the path of the tornado. The first residence hit had two large grain silos torn from their foundations. One was thrown roughly 15 yards, the other about 150 yards across the road and into a nearby pasture. Another home sustained considerable damage when an outbuilding was lifted by the tornado and thrown into the home. Several other homes along the path of the tornado suffered roof damage. The most significant and widespread damage along the path of the tornado occurred near Opine, where up to six commercial poultry farm buildings were destroyed or heavily damaged. Approximately 130,000 chickens were killed. EPISODE NARRATIVE: Strong southerly winds developed ahead of a cold front and caused low level shear to increase across the area. This low level shear aided in the development of several tornadoes across the area.
15.52007-03-01431°16'N / 85°55'W31°22'N / 85°46'W10.00 Miles500 Yards950250.0M0KCoffee
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: A tornado touched down just southwest of the Enterprise Municipal Airport. It caused minor damage to some houses. Four chicken houses were destroyed. The tornado then traveled northeast and quickly intensified as it moved into the Enterprise city limits. It severely damaged the high school just north of the downtown. Eight students were killed as walls collapsed on them while they took shelter in the interior hallways. Fifty more were injured. The football stadium was destroyed. Many vehicles surrounding the schools were overturned or tossed about. Several state roads were impassible due to debris and fallen utility poles and lines. The ninth fatality occurred where an elderly woman was standing behind a living room window of her home as the glass shattered. A nearby elementary school was heavily damaged with no deaths or injuries reported there. Damage near the high school and in northeast Enterprise reached low end EF-4. Damage assessments indicated 239 homes destroyed, 374 homes with major damage, 529 homes with minor damage, and 251 homes affected. Coffee County was declared a federal disaster area, with preliminary FEMA individual assistance figures totalling over $1 million. EPISODE NARRATIVE: Severe thunderstorms developed ahead of a warm front over the Florida Panhandle and moved northeast across southeast Alabama and into extreme southwest Georgia during the afternoon hours of March 1. The strongest tornado, classified an EF-4, killed nine and injured 50 in Enterprise, Alabama.
16.71976-03-31231°23'N / 86°23'W31°24'N / 86°20'W3.80 Miles40 Yards00250K0Covington
16.91955-10-16231°19'N / 85°50'W31°19'N / 85°48'W1.90 Miles100 Yards002.5M0Coffee
17.11954-04-16231°19'N / 85°49'W31°20'N / 85°48'W1.30 Miles100 Yards000K0Coffee
17.51972-01-13231°19'N / 85°48'W31°20'N / 85°48'W1.10 Miles100 Yards00250K0Coffee
17.81961-04-27231°40'N / 86°00'W0225K0Pike
17.91984-03-05231°33'N / 85°49'W0.90 Mile50 Yards04250K0Coffee
18.81972-01-13231°20'N / 85°48'W31°23'N / 85°44'W5.20 Miles100 Yards488250K0Dale
20.11973-12-29331°20'N / 85°48'W31°20'N / 85°42'W5.70 Miles67 Yards002.5M0Dale
20.61994-03-09231°36'N / 85°50'W31°36'N / 85°46'W3.00 Miles100 Yards00500K50KCoffee
 Brief Description: A tornado touched down about two miles east of Frisco in the New Hope Community causing extensive damage. Five homes and two mobile homes were damaged; one chicken house was destroyed and five others were damaged. Two houses had the roofs blown completely off.
20.81974-01-20231°43'N / 86°07'W0025K0Pike
21.21965-09-29231°42'N / 86°13'W0225K0Crenshaw
22.71984-03-05231°21'N / 85°44'W31°27'N / 85°39'W8.00 Miles50 Yards01425.0M0Dale
23.01955-10-16231°19'N / 85°48'W31°25'N / 85°35'W14.50 Miles100 Yards052.5M0Dale
23.31954-04-16231°20'N / 85°48'W31°27'N / 85°34'W16.00 Miles100 Yards0125K0Dale
23.41962-01-05231°45'N / 86°00'W2.00 Miles33 Yards0025K0Pike
23.51973-11-20231°43'N / 86°16'W0025K0Crenshaw
23.61986-11-25331°33'N / 85°46'W31°38'N / 85°42'W8.00 Miles200 Yards012.5M0Dale
24.71958-02-06231°43'N / 86°07'W31°50'N / 85°59'W11.30 Miles200 Yards0025K0Pike
25.31973-12-30331°27'N / 85°39'W1.50 Miles120 Yards0143K0Dale
25.71971-03-03331°43'N / 85°49'W2.00 Miles33 Yards0025K0Pike
26.21962-01-05231°18'N / 86°30'W003K0Covington
27.01983-12-28231°17'N / 86°38'W31°29'N / 86°26'W15.00 Miles80 Yards01250K0Covington
27.01972-07-03231°48'N / 85°59'W0.30 Mile200 Yards00250K0Pike
27.21971-03-02331°41'N / 85°58'W31°44'N / 85°34'W23.80 Miles33 Yards0025K0Pike
27.41980-04-12231°02'N / 86°06'W31°07'N / 85°35'W31.10 Miles150 Yards01250K0Geneva
27.71986-11-26231°46'N / 85°58'W31°49'N / 85°51'W8.00 Miles150 Yards01250K0Pike
28.22006-11-15231°37'N / 85°49'W31°48'N / 85°40'W15.00 Miles650 Yards00500K0KPike
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: This tornado, which is believed to have initially touched down just across the Coffee County line near the Roeton community, entered Pike County about 1.5 miles southwest of Hamilton Crossroads. The tornado track crossed US Highway 231, State Highway 10, and State Highway 130 before crossing the Pea River into western Barbour County. Numerous trees were blown down or snapped off along the path. Numerous structures suffered significant damage, including a water tower that completely collapsed, a fire department building, and several homes. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A strong storm system brought severe weather and heavy rainfall to much of Central Alabama.
28.62000-12-16231°01'N / 85°54'W31°04'N / 85°51'W4.50 Miles100 Yards192.5M0Geneva
 Brief Description: An F2 tornado touched down on West Hendrix Avenue, just north of Highway 27 South, then tore through the Devco Community, Geneva, AL and continued on through the Bellwood Community just east of Highway 85 before lifting. In its wake, the tornado damaged up to 100 homes and destroyed five mobile homes, damaged or destroyed 15 vehicles, and downed numerous trees and power lines. About 6,000 county businesses and homes were without power until the following day. One woman was killed when her mobile home was hurled about 200 feet and destroyed. Nine others were injured, one of them seriously. Geneva County was declared a federal disaster area. Reported by the Geneva County EMA. F35MH
29.11974-12-19331°43'N / 85°53'W31°50'N / 85°45'W11.30 Miles300 Yards00250K0Pike
29.51956-05-03331°36'N / 86°33'W31°37'N / 86°30'W3.80 Miles83 Yards0225K0Covington
29.91979-07-11231°24'N / 86°37'W31°29'N / 86°33'W7.10 Miles100 Yards040K0Covington
30.21997-12-24231°12'N / 85°38'W31°12'N / 85°38'W3.00 Miles300 Yards05500K0Houston
 Brief Description: Tornado skipped through a mobile home park along County Road 9 and Market Street. Two mobile homes destroyed with more than a dozen damaged. Large power poles and trees toppled. Winds overturned small airplane off County Road 81 near Harmon School. A large tree blown onto a house on County Road 75. Residence destroyed on Alabama Highway 84 West in Wicksburg.
32.61984-05-03231°17'N / 85°36'W31°19'N / 85°29'W5.50 Miles200 Yards0025K0Dale
33.92000-12-16231°16'N / 85°37'W31°26'N / 85°24'W17.00 Miles300 Yards002.0M0Dale
 Brief Description: The F0 tornado moved northeast from extreme western Houston County into southeast Dale County. It rapidly intensified to an F2 tornado as it continued its intermittent track into the eastern portion of the county. A Midland City church annex lost parts of its roof and walls. Several homes in the Doe Run Subdivision south of Pinckard were destroyed and numerous others were damaged. In Pinckard, numerous trees and power lines were down. Many homes and businesses were damaged, some seriously. The tornado tracked northeast into western Henry County. Reported by the Dale County EMA.
34.91957-06-28231°31'N / 86°40'W31°35'N / 86°38'W5.20 Miles200 Yards00250K0Butler
36.01957-06-28231°27'N / 86°42'W31°31'N / 86°40'W5.20 Miles200 Yards02250K0Covington
36.21974-12-19331°56'N / 85°58'W0.50 Mile100 Yards013K0Pike
36.71957-06-28231°26'N / 86°42'W31°27'N / 86°42'W1.10 Miles200 Yards00250K0Conecuh
36.81980-03-08231°12'N / 85°38'W31°14'N / 85°22'W16.00 Miles40 Yards05250K0Houston
37.62006-11-15231°48'N / 85°39'W31°50'N / 85°38'W3.00 Miles650 Yards005K0KBarbour
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: The Hamilton Crossroads tornado crossed from Pike into Barbour County, and traveled another 3 miles before lifting. Damage in the Barbour County portion was relatively minor, and consisted of mainly downed trees. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A strong storm system brought severe weather and heavy rainfall to much of Central Alabama.
37.81986-11-25331°38'N / 85°42'W31°53'N / 85°27'W22.00 Miles200 Yards002.5M0Barbour
39.51973-05-26230°50'N / 86°25'W30°54'N / 86°06'W19.40 Miles10 Yards0025K0Walton
40.71957-06-28231°24'N / 86°54'W31°38'N / 86°37'W23.20 Miles440 Yards00250K0Conecuh
40.71960-03-30230°51'N / 86°16'W003K0Walton
41.01983-02-01230°51'N / 86°17'W0.30 Mile30 Yards0125K0Walton
41.91980-05-20231°44'N / 85°35'W31°52'N / 85°28'W11.50 Miles50 Yards0125K0Barbour
42.01972-06-25230°58'N / 85°36'W0.50 Mile27 Yards123K0Holmes
42.01957-06-28231°46'N / 86°43'W31°51'N / 86°32'W12.30 Miles133 Yards00250K0Butler
42.21969-04-18431°50'N / 86°38'W31°56'N / 86°27'W12.80 Miles500 Yards211250K0Butler
42.31971-03-01231°13'N / 85°24'W0025K0Houston
44.01957-06-28231°48'N / 85°40'W31°58'N / 85°28'W16.50 Miles100 Yards0125K0Barbour
44.02008-02-17231°06'N / 86°48'W31°11'N / 86°42'W9.00 Miles500 Yards00700K0KEscambia
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: A strong EF-2 tornado first touched down over a heavily forested area about 5 miles southwest of Dixie and then moved northeast across the forest crossing highway 29 just to the west of Dixie. The tornado then continued northeast across heavily forested areas moving into western Covington county 3.1 miles northeast of Dixie. Significant tree damage occurred along the track of the tornado with structural damage confined to the populated area of Dixie. Three homes were destroyed in Dixie and two large towers were damaged. Two occupants of one of the homes that was destroyed in Dixie got into an interior bathroom on the lowest floor of the two story house and covered themselves with cushions. The tornado tore off the top story of the home and damaged the lower floor but the two residents were unharmed. Some century old headstones were blown over in a cemetery just north of Dixie. No injuries were reported. EPISODE NARRATIVE: The long lived supercell that moved through northwest Florida, passed into Alabama producing a tornado along with hail and wind damage.
44.11972-01-13331°36'N / 85°24'W31°43'N / 85°22'W8.40 Miles200 Yards02250K0Henry
46.21969-04-18431°56'N / 86°27'W32°13'N / 86°00'W32.80 Miles500 Yards00250K0Crenshaw
46.61964-04-28232°03'N / 86°29'W31°59'N / 86°24'W6.80 Miles33 Yards00250K0Lowndes
46.91954-03-29231°22'N / 85°17'W2.50 Miles100 Yards0025K0Henry
46.91997-01-05231°27'N / 85°20'W31°30'N / 85°14'W6.00 Miles100 Yards00180K0.0MHenry
 Brief Description: A tornado touched down north of Newville, knocking a small wood frame house off its blocks. Two miles further east the tornado caused extensive damage to a home and destroyed another unoccupied home. A barn was destroyed and several vehicles were damaged. The tornado then damaged a house two miles further east. Finally, another two miles east it damaged a house.
47.61979-11-25231°52'N / 86°40'W31°59'N / 86°35'W9.40 Miles50 Yards0025K0Butler
47.61967-12-10230°46'N / 85°46'W30°51'N / 85°38'W9.90 Miles300 Yards0025K0Holmes
47.91953-12-06231°22'N / 85°16'W2.00 Miles33 Yards0125K0Henry
47.92007-03-01232°01'N / 86°27'W32°04'N / 86°25'W3.00 Miles400 Yards0450K0KLowndes
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: What would eventually become a large tornado first touched down in far southeastern Lowndes County, along US Highway 31 in the Sandy Ridge Community. The tornado tracked northeastward, roughly parallel to US 31, before moving into extreme southwestern Montgomery County. During its short path in Lowndes County, the tornado damaged several structures and downed numerous trees. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A powerful spring storm system brought an outbreak of tornadoes, damaging winds, and large hail to Central Alabama.
48.21973-12-29331°21'N / 85°21'W31°30'N / 85°10'W15.00 Miles70 Yards022.5M0Henry
49.41972-01-13331°43'N / 85°22'W31°50'N / 85°20'W8.40 Miles200 Yards00250K0Barbour
49.62002-11-05231°34'N / 85°18'W31°36'N / 85°13'W6.00 Miles200 Yards1203.0M0Henry
 Brief Description: The supercell thunderstorm which spawned the tornado in Dale County, produced another tornado which touched down just west of U.S. Highway 431, and tore through the center of Abbeville. It destroyed several single-family homes and mobile homes, and severely damaged numerous other homes and businesses, including the high school. Uprooted trees and power lines littered city streets, with nearly 2,000 residents without electricity. Twenty people were injured, with a half of those hospitalized. A man died when the tornado destroyed his home on Rock Hill Circle. Henry County was declared a state disaster area. Reported by the Henry County EMA. M54PH
49.91974-01-28231°10'N / 85°17'W0.30 Mile30 Yards000K0Houston


* The information on this page is based on the global volcano database, the U.S. earthquake database of 1638-1985, and the U.S. Tornado and Weather Extremes database of 1950-2010.


 
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