Cowden is located close to the center of Illinois. Cowden is between the Shelby, Fayette county. Cowden has 0.40 square miles of land area and has no water area. As of 2010-2014, the total Cowden population is 579, which has shrunk 5.39% since 2000. The population growth rate is much lower than the state average rate of 3.62% and is much lower than the national average rate of 11.61%. Cowden median household income is $31,705 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 22.23% since 2000. The income growth rate is about the same as the state average rate of 22.70% and is lower than the national average rate of 27.36%. Cowden median house value is $53,200 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 52.00% since 2000. The house value growth rate is much higher than the state average rate of 34.33% and is higher than the national average rate of 46.91%. As a reference, the national Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation rate for the same period is 26.63%. On average, the public school district that covers Cowden is close to the state average in quality. The Cowden area code is 217.