Cortland is located close to the center of New York. Cortland is between the Cortland, Cayuga, Tompkins county. Cortland has 3.89 square miles of land area and 0.02 square miles of water area. As of 2010-2014, the total Cortland population is 19,218, which has grown 2.55% since 2000. The population growth rate is lower than the state average rate of 3.26% and is much lower than the national average rate of 11.61%. Cortland median household income is $40,229 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 51.93% since 2000. The income growth rate is higher than the state average rate of 35.25% and is much higher than the national average rate of 27.36%. Cortland median house value is $91,400 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 28.73% since 2000. The house value growth rate is much lower than the state average rate of 90.79% and is much lower than the national average rate of 46.91%. As a reference, the national Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation rate for the same period is 26.63%. On average, the public school district that covers Cortland is close to the state average in quality. The Cortland area code is 607.