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Columbia Metro Area Natural Disasters and Weather Extremes

 

The chance of earthquake damage in Columbia Area is lower than Missouri average and is much lower than the national average. The risk of tornado damage in Columbia Area is lower than Missouri average and is higher than the national average.

Topics:Earthquake IndexVolcano IndexTornado IndexOther Weather Extremes EventsVolcanos NearbyHistorical Earthquake EventsHistorical Tornado Events

Earthquake Index, #750

Columbia Area
0.01
Missouri
0.70
U.S.
1.81

The earthquake index value is calculated based on historical earthquake events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the earthquake level in a region. A higher earthquake index value means a higher chance of an earthquake.

Volcano Index, #129

Columbia Area
0.0000
Missouri
0.0000
U.S.
0.0023

The volcano index value is calculated based on the currently known volcanoes using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the possibility of a region being affected by a possible volcano eruption. A higher volcano index value means a higher chance of being affected.

Tornado Index, #395

Columbia Area
169.86
Missouri
214.01
U.S.
136.45

The tornado index value is calculated based on historical tornado events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the tornado level in a region. A higher tornado index value means a higher chance of tornado events.

Other Weather Extremes Events

A total of 11,576 other weather extremes events within 50 miles of Columbia Area were recorded from 1950 to 2010. The following is a break down of these events:

TypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCount
Avalanche:0Blizzard:2Cold:48Dense Fog:29Drought:32
Dust Storm:0Flood:1,564Hail:4,746Heat:85Heavy Snow:45
High Surf:0Hurricane:0Ice Storm:49Landslide:0Strong Wind:32
Thunderstorm Winds:4,535Tropical Storm:0Wildfire:13Winter Storm:125Winter Weather:51
Other:220 

Volcanos Nearby

No volcano is found in or near Columbia Area.

Historical Earthquake Events

No historical earthquake events that had recorded magnitudes of 3.5 or above found in or near Columbia Area.

No historical earthquake events found in or near Columbia Area.

Historical Tornado Events

A total of 57 historical tornado events that had recorded magnitude of 2 or above found in or near Columbia Area.

Distance (miles)DateMagnitudeStart Lat/LogEnd Lat/LogLengthWidthFatalitiesInjuriesProperty DamageCrop DamageAffected County
2.81999-04-08239°01'N / 92°27'W39°02'N / 92°23'W4.00 Miles120 Yards0500Boone
 Brief Description: A tornado first formed near Midway and created a 4 mile damage path as it moved northeast across Boone County. Damage first occurred along Locust Grove Road where 1 barn and 2 equipment buildings were destroyed and 3 homes suffered roof and siding damage. Numerous trees were blown down or snapped in two in this area. When the tornado crossed O.B. Brown Road, a mobile home was destroyed as were 7 outbuildings. One home completely lost its roof while another lost half of its roof. Witnessed described the tornado as a swirling mass of rain and debris.
3.61959-09-27239°04'N / 92°32'W39°05'N / 92°30'W0025K0Howard
5.21959-09-27239°03'N / 92°35'W39°04'N / 92°32'W2.30 Miles50 Yards0025K0Howard
8.71959-09-27239°02'N / 92°40'W39°03'N / 92°35'W4.10 Miles50 Yards0025K0Howard
9.51998-11-10338°57'N / 92°20'W38°57'N / 92°20'W2.00 Miles70 Yards0166.0M0Boone
 Brief Description: Close to 50 homes or businesses were destroyed or suffered major damage from an early morning tornado that hit on the southeast side of Columbia. Miraculously, only 16 people were injured, most minor cuts and bruises, by the the multiple-vortex tornado which reached F3 intensity. The tornado first touched down in the South Ridge Subdivision where at least 20 homes were virtually destroyed. On Lakespur Court, 5 homes here suffered considerable roof and wall damage as the tornado quickly reached F2 strength. The tornado moved north-northeast and crossed Churchill Street. The upper half of a two-story house in this area was completely destroyed. As the tornado continued northeast, it briefly reached F3 intensity at the corner of Saratoga and Lupine Drives. A ranch home in this area was completely levelled. Other nearby homes in this area sustained severe roof and wall damage. Large trees that were downed fell in a definite convergent pattern. The tornado tracked northeast across Balmoral and Caliente Courts and Hialeah Drive. About 15 homes in this area sustained major damage. Several homes in this area were speared by 2 by 4 boards driven by the wind. Severe roof damage was also noted on several homes on Solano Court. The tornado caused significant damage to seven large homes on Le Mesa Drive. It was noted in this area that the walls of two homes were drawn in toward the center axis of the tornado. The tornado crossed Highway 63 and caused at least $400,000 in damage in the Concorde Office and Industrial Plaza. Metal roofs and walls and loading dock doors were blown away on several buildings. At one warehouse, the damage tripped the sprinkler system which then flooded the inside of the building.
10.21990-11-27338°57'N / 92°20'W39°05'N / 92°13'W12.00 Miles50 Yards0325.0M0Boone
11.11990-11-27338°53'N / 92°27'W1.00 Mile50 Yards00250K0Boone
11.31999-04-08239°03'N / 92°21'W39°07'N / 92°10'W10.00 Miles120 Yards0000Boone
 Brief Description: The supercell that spawned the tornado near Midway created another tornado that first caused damage near Hinton. A couple of farm equipment buildings and a garage were destroyed. Near Hallsville, one home lost its roof and an equipment building was destroyed. 3 grain bins were destroyed with one landing about 3/4 mile from its original location. To the southeast of Hallsville 3 homes suffered roof damage, 1 barn, 2 equipment buildings and a grain bin were destroyed.
19.11980-05-12238°44'N / 92°25'W38°52'N / 92°10'W16.20 Miles33 Yards0025K0Boone
19.72006-03-12339°19'N / 92°29'W39°20'N / 92°20'W10.70 Miles300 Yards4265.0M0Randolph
 Brief Description: Deadly tornado touched down at 2118 CST 2 miles east of Higbee. The tornado traveled northeast and attained F3 strength near the Monroe/Randolph county line. The tornado killed 4 people just to the east and southeast of Renick and there were 26 injuries. 13 of the injuries occurred when a bus transporting college students was overturned. Three businesses were destroyed as well as 30 residences. Thirty other dwelling places had minor to moderate damage. The tornado exited Randolph county into Monroe county at 2133 CST...8 miles southeast of Moberly. M60MH, F57MH, F84PH, M85PH
20.51982-05-14238°50'N / 92°44'W1.00 Mile77 Yards0025K0Cooper
20.81980-05-12238°52'N / 92°10'W38°54'N / 92°06'W3.80 Miles33 Yards0025K0Callaway
21.51980-05-12238°44'N / 92°26'W38°44'N / 92°25'W0025K0Cole
21.72006-03-12339°09'N / 92°57'W39°16'N / 92°40'W20.00 Miles350 Yards00450K0Howard
 Brief Description: Tornado crossed from Saline county into Howard county...8 miles southwest of Glasgow at 2046 CST. F2 damage was noted to several farmsteads to the northwest of Fayette before the tornado dissipated at 2102 CST...2 miles east of Armstrong.
22.01956-12-04239°07'N / 92°10'W39°13'N / 92°00'W11.10 Miles400 Yards00250K0Boone
22.31973-05-26238°49'N / 92°10'W3.00 Miles50 Yards01250K0Boone
23.61992-09-07238°52'N / 92°55'W38°50'N / 92°44'W10.20 Miles60 Yards00250K0Cooper
27.51966-12-08239°13'N / 92°00'W0.30 Mile50 Yards0025K0Audrain
27.72006-03-12239°22'N / 92°19'W39°27'N / 92°11'W9.00 Miles300 Yards0000Monroe
 Brief Description: The tornado that hit Randolph County continued northeast into Monroe County southwest of Middle Grove. The tornado moved through rural areas damaging farm structures and trees. The tornado continued northeast causing tree damage to near Madison. Two miles south of Madison a mobile home was destroyed and a two story home was damaged. The damage was rated F2 at this location. The tornado destroyed another mobile home 2 miles southeast of Madison before dissipating. As this tornado dissipated, another formed just to the southeast.
28.41980-05-12238°34'N / 92°48'W38°44'N / 92°26'W22.70 Miles50 Yards0025K0Moniteau
28.71966-10-14238°38'N / 92°34'W38°38'N / 92°32'W0025K0Moniteau
28.81967-10-24238°38'N / 92°34'W0.50 Mile50 Yards003K0Moniteau
29.91973-04-20238°50'N / 92°57'W2.30 Miles50 Yards0025K0Cooper
30.31954-04-30239°12'N / 92°20'W39°39'N / 92°02'W34.90 Miles100 Yards0025K0Boone
30.82006-03-13238°46'N / 92°04'W38°51'N / 91°53'W13.00 Miles100 Yards0200Callaway
 Brief Description: A tornado initially formed at approximately 12:30 am CST along County Road 337 about 2 miles northeast of Guthrie. Light tree damaged occurred in this area. The tornado traveled northeast and moderately damaged a home just north of County Road 328 approximately 1.5 miles west of US Highway 54. The home was moved approximately 25 feet off the foundation. Extensive tree damage occurred to the southwest and northeast of this location. Two people were injured at this location and were hospitalized for several days. Another home just to the east suffered roof damage. The damage width in this area was about 100 yards wide and was rated as F2 intensity. The tornado damaged a barn along US Highway 54 approximately 2 miles southwest of Fulton. Debris from the barn was thrown into the highway median. The track continued to the northeast and damaged trees along Highway NN, and damaged outbuildings along Highway C approximately 1.5 miles south of Fulton. The damage in this area was rated as F0 intensity. The tornado track continued northeast crossing Highways O and UU causing tree damage. The tornado dissipated approximately 3 miles east of Fulton along highway JJ. The damage in this area was rated as F0 intensity. The complete tornado track was approximately 13 miles long.
31.01967-04-21239°10'N / 93°03'W39°11'N / 92°59'W3.30 Miles33 Yards0025K0Saline
32.21966-10-14238°33'N / 92°40'W38°38'N / 92°34'W7.60 Miles50 Yards0025K0Moniteau
32.92006-03-12339°03'N / 93°12'W39°07'N / 92°57'W15.00 Miles350 Yards0075K0Saline
 Brief Description: Tornado touched down 6 miles south of Marshall at 2028 CST. It traveled east-northeast and for a time paralleled another tornado to the north before the first one occluded. Little damage was noted along the track until it neared the Howard county line. The tornado merged with another tornado near the Missouri River and quickly produced F3 damage to a farmstead. The tornado then entered Howard county 4 miles north of Arrow Rock at 2046 CST.
33.11967-04-21239°07'N / 93°05'W39°10'N / 93°03'W3.60 Miles33 Yards0025K0Saline
34.11956-12-04239°10'N / 93°05'W39°14'N / 93°03'W4.70 Miles33 Yards0025K0Saline
34.51970-06-12339°09'N / 91°50'W16.00 Miles100 Yards00250K0Audrain
35.21966-05-23238°47'N / 91°54'W2.00 Miles100 Yards0025K0Callaway
35.31956-12-04239°07'N / 93°08'W39°10'N / 93°05'W4.30 Miles33 Yards0025K0Saline
39.71995-07-04339°24'N / 92°26'W39°48'N / 92°07'W0.10 Mile10 Yards00400K0Randolph
 Brief Description: A tornado touched down south of Moberly then moved through the eastern half of town. The tornado lifted approximately seven miles northeast of Moberly.
40.21967-04-21239°05'N / 93°20'W39°07'N / 93°05'W13.50 Miles100 Yards0025K0Saline
41.42007-10-17239°31'N / 92°03'W39°34'N / 92°01'W4.00 Miles90 Yards2050K0KMonroe
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: The tornado touched down and destroyed a mobile home just south of Highway F, about a third of a mile east of CR 419. The entire base frame of the mobile home was tossed a third of a mile to the north from it original location into a soybean field. Two occupants of the mobile home were thrown several hundred feet to the north and killed by the tornado. Approximately 100 yards to the north northeast of the mobile home, a large barn and machine shed were destroyed. Debris from the barn, machine shed and mobile home could be found along a path that stretched up to 4 miles from the intial touchdown point of the tornado. Residences within the 4 mile corridor identified clothing, insulation, pieces of furniture and metal. Isolated tree damage was found further along the path before the tornado lifted and dissipated just north of the intersection of Highway 15 and State Highway J. EPISODE NARRATIVE: Elevated convection developed north of a warm frontal boundary that extended from just southwest of Kansas City to just south of Columbia then into southern Illinois near Sparta. Numerous reports of wind damage were received as well as 4 tornadoes.
41.51990-06-07238°27'N / 92°35'W0.50 Mile73 Yards0025.0M0Moniteau
42.71980-05-12239°07'N / 93°29'W39°14'N / 93°00'W27.00 Miles100 Yards00250K0Saline
43.12006-03-12238°57'N / 93°23'W39°08'N / 93°09'W17.00 Miles150 Yards063.0M0Saline
 Brief Description: Tornado crossed into Saline county from Pettis county at 2009 CST. The tornado crossed over Interstate 70 at mile marker 71 at 2012 CST. Six people seeking shelter under a highway overpass were injured. Their cars were crushed when a semi was blown over on top of them. The tornado produced F2 damage just northeast of I-70 where several houses lost their roofs and a church was destroyed. The tornado continued northeast over rural areas and dissipated 3 miles east of Marshall at 2035 CST.
44.01970-06-12439°33'N / 92°53'W39°43'N / 92°40'W16.10 Miles400 Yards00250K0Chariton
44.22006-03-12439°27'N / 92°11'W39°39'N / 91°44'W29.00 Miles500 Yards0000Monroe
 Brief Description: As the first Monroe County tornado dissipated, another formed just to the southeast. The two tornadoes traveled parallel for about 100 yards. The second tornado damaged a home shortly after forming and then continued northeast causing tree, barn and farm outbuilding damage and as it moved through rural areas near Holliday and then to Paris. About 1 mile north of Paris the tornado destroyed 2 homes, one very well built, near the Highway 15 Spur. A pickup truck was tossed over 100 yards into the living room of one home. This home had one wall that remained standing while the other was completely leveled. Debris from one home was found over a half mile to the northeast. The damage was rated F4 and was about one quarter mile wide. The tornado moved northeast and destroyed 2 mobile homes and damaged 2 other homes near US 24. Numerous trees were also either snapped or uprooted. The tornado continued through rural areas and moved into Monroe City. Several mobile homes were destroyed on the west side of town. A church sustained considerable roof and wall damage and other buildings suffered roof damage. The tornado dissipated over the northeast side of town.
44.21975-04-23439°41'N / 92°40'W39°41'N / 92°17'W20.30 Miles1700 Yards142.5M0Macon
44.42007-10-02239°35'N / 92°12'W39°38'N / 91°56'W15.00 Miles100 Yards0160K0KMonroe
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: The tornado first touched down briefly about a mile north northeast of Woodlawn on CR 1109 knocking down a few trees. It lifted and continued to move to the northeast, touching down again on Highway A, just south of the intersection of CR 182 and CR 284. It damaged more trees as it travelled to the northeast. It then struck a residence just northwest of the intersection of Highway 15 and Highway CC. The house had half of its roof removed with debris and insulation blown 100 yards northeast, into a grove of trees. Numerous trees were damaged at this location, including a 5 foot diameter tree that was twisted and snapped off five feet above the ground. The tornado briefly lifted again before touching down near CR 317, between CR 394 and CR 390. As it travelled to the northeast, it produced its greatest damage when it struck a single wide mobile home just east of Highway PP, approximately 1.7 miles south of US Highway 36. The mobile home was completely destroyed and the 85 year old male occupant of the mobile home suffered severe injuries. The tornado then lifted and dissipated. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A strong cold front moved through the region, triggering showers and thunderstorms. Several low-topped supercells produced 8 tornadoes and straight line wind damage from central and northeast Missouri to west central Illinois during the evening of October 2nd.
44.61977-05-04439°23'N / 93°11'W39°26'N / 93°07'W4.90 Miles33 Yards002.5M0Chariton
45.01954-04-30238°26'N / 92°50'W38°28'N / 92°47'W3.60 Miles400 Yards000K0Morgan
45.41973-04-20238°42'N / 93°11'W2.00 Miles50 Yards082.5M0Pettis
45.71975-04-23439°41'N / 92°17'W39°40'N / 92°08'W7.90 Miles1700 Yards002.5M0Shelby
45.71986-10-03238°22'N / 92°25'W38°24'N / 92°22'W3.30 Miles100 Yards002.5M0Cole
46.51970-06-20239°43'N / 92°29'W1.70 Miles100 Yards0225K0Macon
46.91961-03-05238°23'N / 92°40'W38°23'N / 92°40'W00250K0Morgan
47.61966-10-14238°21'N / 92°39'W38°23'N / 92°37'W2.30 Miles50 Yards0025K0Miller
47.91986-10-03238°20'N / 92°28'W38°22'N / 92°25'W6.70 Miles100 Yards002.5M0Miller
48.42006-03-12238°37'N / 93°17'W38°40'N / 93°07'W11.20 Miles500 Yards162.5M0Pettis
 Brief Description: F2 tornado touched down 6.5 miles east of Green Ridge at 1612 CST and moved northeast. The tornado caused the death of one woman...when the trailer she was fleeing was blown on top of her. Another 6 people were injured as well. Numerous homes suffered varying degrees of damage. The tornado lifted one mile southwest of Smithton at 1625 CST. F39MH
48.51955-04-23238°58'N / 91°33'W39°06'N / 91°34'W9.10 Miles100 Yards0025K0Montgomery
48.71955-04-23239°06'N / 91°34'W39°08'N / 91°33'W1.90 Miles100 Yards0025K0Montgomery
48.81952-08-21238°41'N / 93°16'W38°42'N / 93°14'W1.30 Miles300 Yards11325.0M0Pettis
49.71980-05-12338°40'N / 93°25'W38°44'N / 93°08'W15.80 Miles300 Yards02325.0M0Pettis


* The information on this page is based on the global volcano database, the U.S. earthquake database of 1638-1985, and the U.S. Tornado and Weather Extremes database of 1950-2010.


 
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