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Charleston, IL Natural Disasters and Weather Extremes

 
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The chance of earthquake damage in Charleston is about the same as Illinois average and is much lower than the national average. The risk of tornado damage in Charleston is lower than Illinois average and is much higher than the national average.

Topics:Earthquake IndexVolcano IndexTornado IndexOther Weather Extremes EventsVolcanos NearbyHistorical Earthquake EventsHistorical Tornado Events

Earthquake Index, #632

Charleston, IL
0.06
Illinois
0.24
U.S.
1.81

The earthquake index value is calculated based on historical earthquake events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the earthquake level in a region. A higher earthquake index value means a higher chance of an earthquake.

Volcano Index, #1

Charleston, IL
0.0000
Illinois
0.0000
U.S.
0.0023

The volcano index value is calculated based on the currently known volcanoes using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the possibility of a region being affected by a possible volcano eruption. A higher volcano index value means a higher chance of being affected.

Tornado Index, #919

Charleston, IL
207.38
Illinois
220.15
U.S.
136.45

The tornado index value is calculated based on historical tornado events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the tornado level in a region. A higher tornado index value means a higher chance of tornado events.

Other Weather Extremes Events

A total of 2,968 other weather extremes events within 50 miles of Charleston, IL were recorded from 1950 to 2010. The following is a break down of these events:

TypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCount
Avalanche:0Blizzard:4Cold:7Dense Fog:2Drought:2
Dust Storm:0Flood:547Hail:721Heat:18Heavy Snow:37
High Surf:0Hurricane:0Ice Storm:21Landslide:0Strong Wind:36
Thunderstorm Winds:1,458Tropical Storm:0Wildfire:0Winter Storm:56Winter Weather:18
Other:41 

Volcanos Nearby

No volcano is found in or near Charleston, IL.

Historical Earthquake Events

No historical earthquake events that had recorded magnitudes of 3.5 or above found in or near Charleston, IL.

No historical earthquake events found in or near Charleston, IL.

Historical Tornado Events

A total of 70 historical tornado events that had recorded magnitude of 2 or above found in or near Charleston, IL.

Distance (miles)DateMagnitudeStart Lat/LogEnd Lat/LogLengthWidthFatalitiesInjuriesProperty DamageCrop DamageAffected County
3.11958-07-11339°29'N / 88°05'W39°27'N / 88°10'W4.70 Miles30 Yards0325K0Coles
4.51974-08-10339°33'N / 88°11'W003K0Coles
6.81974-08-10239°35'N / 88°10'W003K0Coles
8.11960-05-06239°30'N / 88°18'W39°42'N / 88°00'W20.90 Miles130 Yards0025K0Coles
10.11998-03-28239°28'N / 88°23'W39°29'N / 88°21'W1.50 Miles220 Yards033.0M0Coles
 Brief Description: A tornado touched down 1 mile southwest of Mattoon and travelled to the northeast. It damaged 4 homes in the initial touchdown area and then crossed a set of railroad tracks turning over 4 empty 30-ton coal cars. After crossing the railroad tracks, the tornado hit a self-storage facility, where six of the ten buildings in the complex were destroyed. The tin and steel girder buildings were not bolted down to the cement slabs, so they were lifted up, "wadded up" into a big pile, and deposited downstream about 200 yards. Further to the northeast, it damaged or destroyed numerous homes and businesses before lifting. It remained aloft for several blocks, then touched down again, tearing off treetops and damaging several roofs in the area. It lifted again and touched down a final time about a block away. Damage in this area was to tree tops and roofs. Overall, the tornado was on the ground for 1.5 miles and it either damaged or destroyed 120 homes and businesses. Damage is estimated between $2.5 and $3 million. Two people sustained minor injuries and one 9 year old child was seriously injured when a picture frame blew off the wall, hit her in the back, and cut her, causing her left lung to partially collapse.
11.91974-03-29239°29'N / 88°24'W01250K0Coles
13.81984-05-25239°33'N / 87°56'W0.10 Mile3 Yards00250K0Edgar
15.21977-08-21339°21'N / 88°28'W39°15'N / 88°12'W15.70 Miles77 Yards0025K0Cumberland
20.31998-04-07239°40'N / 88°28'W39°45'N / 88°23'W8.00 Miles170 Yards0400Douglas
 Brief Description: A tornado touched down 2 miles south of Cadwell and travelled to the northeast. In Moultrie County it either damaged or destroyed 9 homes, as well as, numerous barns, sheds, silos, and outbuildings. One double-wide mobile home was blown from its foundation. Four people were inside at the time. Three sustained minor injuries while one sustained serious injuries, including a broken back and leg after being thrown 200 yards by the tornado. Another home nearby was moved 3 feet off its foundation. When the tornado moved into Douglas County, it either damaged or destroyed 20 homes, 6 barns, and numerous other outbuildings. Also, 69 power poles were knocked down by the tornado in both counties. In Douglas County, 4 people sustained minor injuries, including one woman whose arm and collar bone were broken. The tornado lifted and dissipated just outside the town of Bourbon. In total, 8 people sustained injuries. In Moultrie County damage is estimated around $100,000. There is no damage estimate available for Douglas County.
20.61998-04-07239°39'N / 88°31'W39°39'N / 88°29'W3.00 Miles40 Yards04100K0Moultrie
 Brief Description: A tornado touched down 2 miles south of Cadwell and travelled to the northeast. In Moultrie County it either damaged or destroyed 9 homes, as well as, numerous barns, sheds, silos, and outbuildings. One double-wide mobile home was blown from its foundation. Four people were inside at the time. Three sustained minor injuries while one sustained serious injuries, including a broken back and leg after being thrown 200 yards by the tornado. Another home nearby was moved 3 feet off its foundation. When the tornado moved into Douglas County, it either damaged or destroyed 20 homes, 6 barns, and numerous other outbuildings. Also, 69 power poles were knocked down by the tornado in both counties. In Douglas County, 4 people sustained minor injuries, including one woman whose arm and collar bone were broken. The tornado lifted and dissipated just outside the town of Bourbon. In total, 8 people sustained injuries. In Moultrie County damage is estimated around $100,000. There is no damage estimate available for Douglas County.
21.31977-08-21339°26'N / 88°39'W39°21'N / 88°28'W11.20 Miles77 Yards6562.5M0Shelby
22.21963-04-22339°48'N / 88°16'W39°48'N / 87°55'W18.40 Miles1600 Yards02025K0Douglas
22.51980-06-01239°48'N / 88°17'W1.00 Mile3 Yards072.5M0Douglas
22.91955-10-06239°16'N / 88°30'W1.00 Mile33 Yards003K0Shelby
24.71961-03-06239°48'N / 88°17'W39°53'N / 88°07'W10.30 Miles33 Yards02250K0Douglas
25.61974-06-06239°50'N / 88°17'W39°52'N / 88°14'W3.30 Miles33 Yards003K0Douglas
27.01990-06-20239°53'N / 88°14'W39°52'N / 88°10'W3.00 Miles100 Yards002.5M0Douglas
27.81974-08-10339°06'N / 88°20'W0025K0Jasper
28.91990-06-20239°55'N / 88°16'W39°53'N / 88°14'W5.00 Miles100 Yards002.5M0Champaign
29.41986-05-15239°32'N / 87°42'W39°35'N / 87°34'W5.00 Miles33 Yards000K0Edgar
30.51980-04-08239°38'N / 88°43'W0.50 Mile60 Yards0025K0Moultrie
31.61958-05-03239°33'N / 87°39'W39°34'N / 87°32'W5.90 Miles33 Yards000K0Edgar
31.71961-03-06239°53'N / 88°07'W39°55'N / 87°44'W20.30 Miles33 Yards00250K0Champaign
31.72006-04-16239°02'N / 88°21'W39°03'N / 88°19'W1.50 Miles150 Yards0000Jasper
 Brief Description: A tornado formed just north of 700th Avenue in Effingham County, on the Effingham/Jasper County line. It produced minor tree and barn damage to a farm at this location, and tracked to the northeast. The tornado struck a mobile home just inside the Jasper County line, and completely destroyed the home. The debris was blown several hundred yards into a field, with the home's refrigerator blown 1/4 mile into a field. The debris from the mobile home struck an adjacent automobile, and crushed the roof. The car was also pushed about 15 feet in the direction of impact. The tornado continued northeast, causing significant tree damage, and minor damage to a few homes and outbuildings.
32.01961-03-06339°06'N / 88°32'W38°59'N / 88°10'W21.20 Miles33 Yards03250K0Effingham
32.31990-06-02239°29'N / 88°53'W39°32'N / 88°41'W8.00 Miles600 Yards022.5M0Shelby
32.41963-04-22339°48'N / 87°55'W39°48'N / 87°32'W20.20 Miles1600 Yards02025K0Edgar
33.41960-06-23239°59'N / 88°16'W39°57'N / 88°12'W3.80 Miles800 Yards0025K0Champaign
33.51960-06-22239°10'N / 88°39'W00250K0Effingham
33.51990-06-02438°57'N / 88°16'W39°03'N / 88°01'W12.50 Miles200 Yards06250K0Jasper
33.92006-04-16239°01'N / 88°26'W39°02'N / 88°22'W4.00 Miles200 Yards0000Effingham
 Brief Description: A tornado touched down in a wooded area just southwest of the intersection of 700th Avenue and 2000th Street. It tracked east-northeast, and struck a farmstead on 2000th St., destroying a barn, 4 outbuildings and several grain bins. The tornado struck a homestead about 1 mile to the east of the farm, snapping off dozens of trees and causing minor roof damage to a well-built home. About a mile to the east of the home, the tornado struck two homesteads. Considerable tree damage was noted at this location, 3 outbuildings were destroyed, and an attached garage was destroyed when the overhead door failed and the side wall was blown out. Further east, on 2300th St. and about 1 mile north of 700th Ave, a well-built home had an attached garage destroyed, the front porch roof torn off, and two second story dormers torn off. A final farmstead was damaged near 800th Ave. North and the Effingham/Jasper County line. Two outbuildings on the farm were completely destroyed, and a small combine in one of the buildings was flipped into an adjacent pond. An antenna tower was blown over next to the house and the home sustained siding, roofing and window damage.
34.41990-06-02239°42'N / 87°43'W39°46'N / 87°31'W11.00 Miles150 Yards0025K0Edgar
34.61976-03-20439°49'N / 88°45'W39°55'N / 88°27'W17.20 Miles800 Yards052.5M0Piatt
35.11963-04-22339°58'N / 88°28'W40°00'N / 88°09'W16.80 Miles200 Yards05250K0Champaign
35.81958-05-03239°34'N / 87°32'W39°36'N / 87°30'W1.90 Miles200 Yards0025K0Vigo
36.11974-04-03339°59'N / 88°14'W40°02'N / 88°08'W5.90 Miles70 Yards10250K0Champaign
36.71976-03-20439°55'N / 88°27'W40°07'N / 87°57'W29.70 Miles800 Yards0112.5M0Champaign
36.81988-10-17239°36'N / 87°31'W39°38'N / 87°30'W1.50 Miles200 Yards02250K0Vigo
37.01990-06-02239°43'N / 87°35'W39°43'N / 87°31'W4.00 Miles100 Yards000K0Edgar
37.41957-12-18338°56'N / 88°03'W38°59'N / 87°59'W4.50 Miles33 Yards0025K0Jasper
37.51960-04-17238°55'N / 88°40'W39°05'N / 88°19'W21.90 Miles200 Yards0025K0Effingham
37.51960-06-05240°03'N / 88°28'W39°57'N / 88°20'W9.70 Miles20 Yards01250K0Champaign
38.41988-10-17239°38'N / 87°30'W39°38'N / 87°28'W2.00 Miles200 Yards02250K0Vermillion
38.51959-03-15239°06'N / 88°42'W2.00 Miles33 Yards0225K0Effingham
38.81976-03-20439°48'N / 88°48'W39°49'N / 88°45'W1.90 Miles800 Yards022.5M0Macon
39.11999-06-01239°22'N / 89°02'W39°30'N / 88°47'W15.50 Miles450 Yards042.0M0Shelby
 Brief Description: A tornado touched down on the east side of Lake Pana in Shelby County. Four homes and one mobile home were destroyed. A woman in the mobile home was injured and hospitalised for a time. A mile northeast near Route 16, several more homes were damaged or destroyed and two people in one of the destroyed homes were injured. Debris was scattered in the nearby fields. For the next four miles, several homes sustained moderate damage, numerous outbuildings and grain bins were either damaged or destroyed, and one woman sustained minor cuts and bruises. As the tornado moved to the northeast into the Westervelt area, numerous trees were blown down, buildings sustained minor damage, and 9 large grain bins were destroyed. The tornado remained on the ground for another 4.5 miles, knocking down trees and power lines before lifting and dissipating 2 miles southwest of Findlay. Damage was estimated around $2 million.
39.31967-10-24239°35'N / 87°27'W013K0Vigo
39.41974-04-03339°57'N / 88°04'W40°07'N / 87°53'W14.90 Miles350 Yards00250K0Champaign
39.41994-04-26238°55'N / 88°29'W38°59'N / 88°23'W6.00 Miles50 Yards03500K0Effingham
 Brief Description: A tornado touched down 2 miles southwest of Eberle and destroyed a two-car garage. Several trees were also downed near this site. The tornado moved east-northeast and struck a two-story home just west of Eberle, partially placing the home on its side. This is where F2 damage occurred. Two children received minor injuries while the father was significantly injured after his neck was punctured by a two inch piece of glass. A small shed and siding from a barn was damaged as the tornado continued just north of Eberle. Several farm buildings and grain bins were damaged before the tornado lifted 4 miles northeast of Eberle.
39.51973-08-12239°54'N / 87°40'W000K0Vermilion
39.91963-04-22339°57'N / 88°45'W39°58'N / 88°28'W15.00 Miles200 Yards00250K0Macon
40.61967-10-24239°28'N / 87°25'W003K0Vigo
40.81996-04-19340°04'N / 88°15'W40°05'N / 88°11'W4.00 Miles220 Yards0129.0M0Champaign
 Brief Description: A tornado briefly touched down 1 mile north of Savoy (near Rt. 45 and Curtis Road) and destroyed 3 homes under construction. Then the tornado lifted, travelled to the northeast, and touched down again 1 mile south of Urbana. The tornado destroyed 30 homes, caused moderate damage to 29 homes and one business, and minor damage to 54 homes and 4 businesses. Twelve people were injured and damage was estimated between $7 and $11 million.
40.81974-05-30239°05'N / 87°37'W003K0Crawford
41.01990-06-02239°43'N / 87°31'W39°46'N / 87°27'W4.00 Miles100 Yards06250K0Vermillion
41.31963-04-22339°48'N / 87°32'W39°48'N / 87°30'W000K0Vermillion
42.01959-05-11240°00'N / 88°36'W0.10 Mile30 Yards00250K0Piatt
43.62001-10-24240°02'N / 88°35'W40°03'N / 88°33'W1.80 Miles300 Yards002.2M0Piatt
 Brief Description: An eyewitness reported that the tornado touched down on the southwest side of Monticello and traveled to the north northeast across town. It blew down numerous trees near the golf course then destroyed a storage building. In this area the tornado intensified to F2 Intensity (wind speeds of 120 to 130 mph) taking the roof of a church completely off and blew it into the roof of a nearby 2 story apartment building. The apartment building suffered severe damage and has been deemed uninhabitable. A farm implement building/business, which was close to 200 feet in length, had roughly three quarters of the building destroyed. Damage for this building was estimated at nearly $2 million, as several combines inside were severely damaged or destroyed. Debris from the building was thrown into a nearby power substation, causing a complete power outage to the town of 5,000 residents as well as neighboring communities. The tornado appeared to have lifted off the ground and stayed at tree top level for the remainder of its life through the town producing F0 damage. Numerous trees had the tops broken off and several large trees were uprooted. Once outside of town it did touch down briefly once more, damaging the roof of one home and destroying several outbuildings and a garage of another homestead about a mile north northeast of town. In this location, several 2 inch by 6 inch pieces of lumber from one of the machine sheds had shot through patio doors into the home. No injuries were reported due to the tornado. Damage is estimated around $2.2 million.
43.71967-01-24240°05'N / 88°19'W40°09'N / 88°08'W10.40 Miles50 Yards0525K0Champaign
43.81990-06-02239°46'N / 87°31'W39°48'N / 87°23'W6.50 Miles150 Yards00250K0Vermillion
44.21960-06-22339°32'N / 87°21'W00250K0Vigo
44.31987-06-02240°07'N / 88°02'W0.10 Mile10 Yards0025K0Champaign
44.32006-04-02239°41'N / 89°01'W39°42'N / 88°55'W4.50 Miles300 Yards0000Macon
 Brief Description: The tornado completely destroyed a large barn, causing debris to be blown more than a mile to the northeast. It also damaged trees and did minor damage to a roof.
45.41975-11-30239°50'N / 88°58'W39°49'N / 88°51'W5.90 Miles33 Yards002.5M0Macon
45.81996-04-19340°07'N / 87°57'W40°08'N / 87°57'W2.00 Miles1500 Yards11300Champaign
 Brief Description: A tornado touched down half a mile to the southwest of Ogden and travelled to the northeast right through the middle of the town. The tornado destroyed 68 homes, 12 businesses, 3 churches, the library, and a grade school. Once east of town, the tornado crossed I-74, where it killed a woman who was riding in a semi with her husband. The semi and trailer were picked up and rolled into a field. The woman, who had been in the sleeper portion, was thrown about 30 yards from the truck. She was killed instantly. After rolling the semi, the tornado damaged 2 more homes before lifting and dissipating 1 mile north northeast of Ogden. Back in Ogden the damage was variable. One house would have significant damage, when a nearby structure would only have minor damage. In addition to the destroyed homes and businesses, 128 homes and 8 businesses sustained major damage and 51 homes and 12 businesses had minor damage. With it's larger width, it appears that this tornado had multiple circulations within the parent tornado. Overall, one woman was killed and thirteen people were injured. No damage estimate was available yet. F55VE
46.61969-09-05239°14'N / 87°22'W0025K0Sullivan
47.61978-05-12239°51'N / 88°57'W39°56'N / 88°51'W7.60 Miles700 Yards03250K0Macon
47.91999-06-01238°59'N / 88°56'W39°05'N / 88°47'W10.00 Miles150 Yards0000Fayette
 Brief Description: A tornado produced a 10 mile intermittent damage path across Fayette County in the St. Elmo area. The tornado first formed southeast of Brownstown damaging 2 large machine sheds. The tornado crossed Route 170 knocking over a tractor-trailer. About 2 miles southwest of St. Elmo it destroyed several green houses. About 1 mile southwest of St. Elmo a large warehouse was destroyed. Several large steel beams supporting the warehouse were severely twisted. Also in this area, a 300 feet radio tower was destroyed, a mobile home and 3 homes were destroyed. The tornado weakened as it moved northeast of St. Elmo damaging a few outbuildings and downing trees.
48.71974-04-12240°06'N / 88°06'W40°16'N / 88°00'W12.50 Miles20 Yards00250K0Champaign
48.81976-02-16239°23'N / 89°05'W1.00 Mile80 Yards00250K0Christian


* The information on this page is based on the global volcano database, the U.S. earthquake database of 1638-1985, and the U.S. Tornado and Weather Extremes database of 1950-2010.


 
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