Amsterdam is located close to the center of New York. Amsterdam is between the Montgomery, Fulton, Saratoga, Schenectady county. Amsterdam has 5.86 square miles of land area and 0.39 square miles of water area. As of 2010-2014, the total Amsterdam population is 18,348, which has shrunk 0.04% since 2000. The population growth rate is lower than the state average rate of 3.26% and is much lower than the national average rate of 11.61%. Amsterdam median household income is $36,961 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 34.32% since 2000. The income growth rate is about the same as the state average rate of 35.25% and is higher than the national average rate of 27.36%. Amsterdam median house value is $94,300 in 2010-2014 and has grown by 39.91% since 2000. The house value growth rate is much lower than the state average rate of 90.79% and is lower than the national average rate of 46.91%. As a reference, the national Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation rate for the same period is 26.63%. On average, the public school district that covers Amsterdam is worse than the state average in quality. The Amsterdam area code is 518.