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Alma Micro Area Natural Disasters and Weather Extremes

 

The chance of earthquake damage in Alma Area is about the same as Michigan average and is much lower than the national average. The risk of tornado damage in Alma Area is higher than Michigan average and is higher than the national average.

Topics:Earthquake IndexVolcano IndexTornado IndexOther Weather Extremes EventsVolcanos NearbyHistorical Earthquake EventsHistorical Tornado Events

Earthquake Index, #787

Alma Area
0.00
Michigan
0.04
U.S.
1.81

The earthquake index value is calculated based on historical earthquake events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the earthquake level in a region. A higher earthquake index value means a higher chance of an earthquake.

Volcano Index, #129

Alma Area
0.0000
Michigan
0.0000
U.S.
0.0023

The volcano index value is calculated based on the currently known volcanoes using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the possibility of a region being affected by a possible volcano eruption. A higher volcano index value means a higher chance of being affected.

Tornado Index, #438

Alma Area
157.15
Michigan
140.33
U.S.
136.45

The tornado index value is calculated based on historical tornado events data using USA.com algorithms. It is an indicator of the tornado level in a region. A higher tornado index value means a higher chance of tornado events.

Other Weather Extremes Events

A total of 9,963 other weather extremes events within 50 miles of Alma Area were recorded from 1950 to 2010. The following is a break down of these events:

TypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCountTypeCount
Avalanche:0Blizzard:36Cold:30Dense Fog:9Drought:3
Dust Storm:0Flood:465Hail:2,620Heat:15Heavy Snow:331
High Surf:0Hurricane:0Ice Storm:36Landslide:0Strong Wind:96
Thunderstorm Winds:5,646Tropical Storm:0Wildfire:4Winter Storm:248Winter Weather:49
Other:375 

Volcanos Nearby

No volcano is found in or near Alma Area.

Historical Earthquake Events

No historical earthquake events that had recorded magnitudes of 3.5 or above found in or near Alma Area.

No historical earthquake events found in or near Alma Area.

Historical Tornado Events

A total of 61 historical tornado events that had recorded magnitude of 2 or above found in or near Alma Area.

Distance (miles)DateMagnitudeStart Lat/LogEnd Lat/LogLengthWidthFatalitiesInjuriesProperty DamageCrop DamageAffected County
4.11956-06-26243°11'N / 84°41'W43°17'N / 84°33'W9.20 Miles33 Yards02250K0Gratiot
4.51982-06-15243°13'N / 84°38'W43°15'N / 84°30'W5.90 Miles50 Yards00250K0Gratiot
4.91956-05-12243°18'N / 84°33'W43°16'N / 84°28'W3.80 Miles800 Yards14250K0Gratiot
5.11965-04-11243°22'N / 84°36'W1.00 Mile50 Yards0025K0Gratiot
6.31965-04-11243°23'N / 84°37'W0.10 Mile50 Yards0025K0Gratiot
6.31965-04-11243°23'N / 84°37'W0.50 Mile50 Yards0025K0Gratiot
8.11965-04-11243°18'N / 84°50'W43°23'N / 84°40'W9.70 Miles440 Yards01250K0Gratiot
9.21968-06-11243°10'N / 84°34'W43°10'N / 84°31'W1025K0Gratiot
12.11974-04-14243°28'N / 84°35'W2.50 Miles30 Yards0125K0Midland
14.11965-04-11243°15'N / 84°56'W43°18'N / 84°50'W5.40 Miles440 Yards00250K0Montcalm
16.01984-08-30243°04'N / 84°32'W2.50 Miles27 Yards00250K0Clinton
17.21956-05-12243°06'N / 84°51'W43°02'N / 84°39'W10.70 Miles33 Yards032.5M0Clinton
19.51986-04-28243°10'N / 84°15'W43°13'N / 84°14'W8.10 Miles40 Yards002.5M0Saginaw
19.71977-03-28243°01'N / 84°30'W2.00 Miles100 Yards0025K0Clinton
22.31967-04-21442°56'N / 84°48'W43°01'N / 84°35'W12.00 Miles50 Yards082.5M0Clinton
23.61951-08-15242°54'N / 84°53'W43°00'N / 84°20'W28.50 Miles333 Yards00250K0Clinton
24.21982-06-15243°19'N / 84°18'W43°25'N / 83°58'W19.00 Miles300 Yards032.5M0Saginaw
25.31986-04-28242°54'N / 84°15'W43°10'N / 84°15'W18.40 Miles40 Yards002.5M0Shiawassee
25.31956-05-12243°26'N / 85°07'W43°31'N / 84°58'W9.10 Miles33 Yards00250K0Montcalm
25.81956-05-12243°18'N / 84°08'W43°20'N / 84°03'W3.80 Miles100 Yards0025K0Saginaw
27.51994-07-04243°06'N / 85°05'W0.30 Mile150 Yards00500K0Montcalm
 Brief Description: A brick, ranch style home in Fairplain Township was totally destroyed by an apparent tornado. No one actually saw a tornado, but the debris pattern and localization of the damage strongly suggested a tornado rather than straight-line thunderstorm winds. Seven people were in the home at the time, but no one was injured. A small shed was also torn up. The path length and width were estimated from the debris pattern. Trees up to 10 inches in diameter were broken off at the ground in a counter-clockwise pattern.
28.71967-04-16243°00'N / 84°12'W0.30 Mile20 Yards01250K0Shiawassee
29.21965-04-11442°51'N / 84°39'W42°54'N / 84°22'W14.50 Miles100 Yards18250K0Clinton
30.11965-04-11442°54'N / 84°22'W42°56'N / 84°14'W6.50 Miles100 Yards00250K0Shiawassee
30.21977-04-02242°52'N / 84°28'W42°53'N / 84°23'W3.30 Miles223 Yards06250K0Clinton
31.91999-05-31243°39'N / 84°14'W43°40'N / 84°12'W1.80 Miles200 Yards00150K0Midland
 Brief Description: Warm, moist air blanketed lower Michigan, as a low pressure system moved slowly north along a nearly stationary cold front in Wisconsin. A number of showers and thunderstorms developed in the warm sector. There was only one severe weather event, but that unfortunately was a strong tornado that hit the north side of the city of Midland. Touchdown occurred at an apartment complex on the west side of Eastman Avenue (which is the US-10 business loop into downtown Midland). Power lines and trees were downed on both sides of Eastman Avenue, although little damage was done to structures. The tornado strengthened as it moved northeast across Woodpark Drive, uprooting trees, blowing out windows, and removing rain gutters and siding. Some trees were downed onto nearby homes. The tornado reached its maximum intensity as it crossed Wackerly Road. It struck a Holiday Inn Convention Center, located between Wackerly Road and the US-10 freeway. The roof of the convention center was blown off, with some debris blown across the freeway. An air conditioner from the roof was tossed onto a nearby parked car. Several doors to the convention center were blown out. A trash can from the hotel area was blown onto US-10, where it struck a car. The tornado weakened as it crossed the US-10 freeway. It moved through the parking lot of a Target store, at the southeast corner of Midland Mall. An outdoor shopping cart holder was thrown into a nearby field, and several trees were destroyed. As the tornado continued northeast, it downed a pair of large trees midway between a nursery and a WalMart. Toward the end of its path, the tornado struck a church on Jefferson Avenue, just south of Letts Road. Large limbs were downed here, and siding was torn off some of the church buildings. A youth center under construction was partially deroofed. This tornado tied for the strongest to strike Midland County since 1950. The only previous F2 tornado occurred on April 14 1974. The May 31 1999 tornado was the first tornado of any strength to hit Midland County since June 17 1992.
32.41967-04-21242°52'N / 84°55'W42°53'N / 84°53'W06250K0Ionia
32.41989-11-27242°50'N / 84°55'W42°55'N / 84°53'W6.00 Miles100 Yards00250K0Ionia
33.01976-03-20242°53'N / 85°06'W42°57'N / 84°55'W9.90 Miles50 Yards0025K0Ionia
33.21968-04-23343°49'N / 85°22'W43°06'N / 85°05'W51.40 Miles100 Yards032.5M0Osceola
34.71965-10-07243°47'N / 84°45'W2.00 Miles50 Yards0025K0Isabella
35.41956-04-03543°18'N / 85°20'W43°20'N / 85°17'W1.90 Miles400 Yards0025K0Montcalm
35.91957-09-21243°00'N / 84°11'W43°06'N / 83°46'W21.90 Miles33 Yards003K0Shiawassee
36.41978-08-19242°50'N / 84°15'W2.00 Miles230 Yards08250K0Shiawassee
36.91976-04-21242°48'N / 84°16'W42°51'N / 84°14'W3.00 Miles83 Yards012.5M0Shiawassee
38.21962-04-30242°45'N / 84°45'W0.80 Mile50 Yards003K0Eaton
39.31968-08-05242°56'N / 85°33'W42°43'N / 84°33'W52.70 Miles50 Yards00250K0Kent
39.81955-06-07243°50'N / 84°29'W43°53'N / 84°25'W3.80 Miles100 Yards0025K0Gladwin
39.81953-06-05243°22'N / 83°52'W43°26'N / 83°47'W5.60 Miles33 Yards0025K0Saginaw
39.91957-06-22243°35'N / 83°55'W0025K0Bay
40.21954-08-24243°06'N / 83°51'W1.30 Miles17 Yards000K0Genesee
42.21985-07-15242°44'N / 84°28'W42°42'N / 84°11'W15.60 Miles200 Yards00250K0Ingham
43.01996-06-21343°20'N / 83°45'W43°20'N / 83°45'W1.00 Mile100 Yards005.0M0Saginaw
43.11975-08-29242°49'N / 84°03'W1.50 Miles83 Yards0025K0Shiawassee
43.21967-04-21242°38'N / 84°44'W42°42'N / 84°32'W10.90 Miles33 Yards0025K0Eaton
44.31977-09-17243°02'N / 83°48'W2.00 Miles60 Yards01250K0Genesee
44.41966-04-20243°29'N / 85°27'W0.10 Mile33 Yards0025K0Mecosta
45.01953-06-08543°06'N / 83°51'W43°06'N / 83°39'W9.60 Miles833 Yards11678525.0M0Genesee
45.22007-10-18242°36'N / 84°18'W42°47'N / 84°12'W17.00 Miles300 Yards2015.0M0KIngham
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: A National Weather Service storm survey was conducted in Ingham county following the tornado that occurred on the night of October 18th. Based on extensive damage to buildings and trees the tornado was rated EF-2 with top winds estimated between 120 and 130 mph. The tornado began just northeast of Mason around 10:28 pm EDT and moved northeast at 40 to 45 mph through the town of Williamston between 10:40 and 10:45 pm. Approximately 100 structures were damaged in a subdivision on the south side of Williamston. Two fatalities occurred about 4 miles northeast of Williamston where a modular home and its 2 occupants were flipped into a pond. The tornado then moved into Shiawassee county and dissipated shortly thereafter. The last time a fatal tornado occurred in Ingham county was on August 14th, 1988 when one death resulted from a tornado that was rated F-2 on the original Fujita scale. EPISODE NARRATIVE: A late season severe weather outbreak occurred on October 18th. An EF-2 tornado struck Ingham county, resulting in millions of dollars worth of damage and two fatalities. About a hundred structures were damaged in a subdivision on the south side of Williamston in Ingham county. The two fatalities occurred about four miles northeast of Williamston, where a modular home was flipped into a pond by the tornado. There were also a tremendous amount of reports of wind damage with trees and power lines blown down, as well as several reports of three quarters to one inch diameter hail.
45.21986-08-26242°38'N / 84°34'W42°39'N / 84°27'W7.60 Miles50 Yards00250K0Ingham
45.51954-04-07242°57'N / 83°50'W0225K0Genesee
45.51986-08-26242°38'N / 84°38'W42°38'N / 84°34'W3.00 Miles50 Yards00250K0Eaton
45.51997-07-02343°10'N / 83°43'W43°10'N / 83°43'W2.00 Miles1000 Yards00600K0Genesee
45.61984-06-12343°35'N / 83°56'W43°42'N / 83°44'W10.00 Miles500 Yards022.5M0Bay
46.21965-04-11243°33'N / 83°52'W43°37'N / 83°41'W9.90 Miles33 Yards02250K0Bay
48.21984-08-08243°00'N / 83°46'W42°59'N / 83°43'W3.00 Miles60 Yards002.5M0Genesee
48.52003-08-21242°40'N / 84°10'W42°40'N / 84°10'W4.50 Miles880 Yards02500K200KIngham
 Brief Description: A F2 tornado struck eastern Ingham county, causing two injuries. It also destroyed two homes. A F2 tornado struck eastern Ingham county. The tornado touched down just east of the intersection of Columbia and Kendrick Roads at 7:55 p.m. EST. It moved east and intensified. The tornado began a turn to the northeast as it approached Haywood Road just north of Columbia. When it crossed Haywood Road the tornado was about a half a mile wide. It continued to intensify as it moved northeast and was at it's strongest as it crossed Risch Road just north of Howell Road. As the tornado crossed Dennis Road just east of House Road it turned sharply to the north. The tornado lifted at 9:10 p.m., just as it was moving into Livingston county. The tornadoe's path length was 4.5 miles long and it was up to 1/2 mile wide. It was on the ground for 15 minutes and was rated as a lower F2 on the Fujita scale, which corresponds to winds of approximately 120 m.p.h. A severe thunderstorm warning was issued for Ingham county at 7:29 p.m. EST and that was upgraded to a tornado warning at 7:46 p.m. EST. Two homes were destroyed. One house collapsed and trapped two individuals inside, who suffered minor injuries. At another location a house was damaged and a barn leveled. A pickup truck was blown off the road.
48.62007-08-24342°35'N / 84°49'W42°37'N / 84°45'W7.00 Miles300 Yards0540.0M0KEaton
 Brief Description: EVENT NARRATIVE: A NWS storm survey team determined that an EF-3 (Enhanced-Fujita Tornado Scale Rating) tornado with wind speeds estimated at 140 mph produced the most severe damage along a path from M-50 just north of Kinsel Highway to just west of M-100 and Vermontville Highway near Potterville, Michigan. The storm survey indicated a tornado path which was 200 to 300 yards wide and 6.5 miles long. Fifteen homes were either destroyed or severely damaged. A roof was blown off a single story home and windward facing walls were blown in. The majority of the roof and garage from this home were not found. A roof was blown off of a two story home and the upper story front walls were blown in. Additional damage included the partial collapse of the upper story of a home, and another house was blown off of the foundation. Two barns were destroyed and another incurred heavy damage just west of Potterville. EPISODE NARRATIVE: An EF-3 tornado struck Eaton county and resulted in five injuries but no fatalities. An EF-1 tornado struck Ingham county but did not produce any injuries or fatalities.
49.41951-05-03242°42'N / 84°03'W42°44'N / 84°00'W2.30 Miles150 Yards00250K0Livingston
49.81965-04-11342°39'N / 85°18'W42°46'N / 85°04'W14.10 Miles33 Yards05250K0Barry
49.81984-08-08343°00'N / 83°42'W0.80 Mile67 Yards00250K0Genesee


* The information on this page is based on the global volcano database, the U.S. earthquake database of 1638-1985, and the U.S. Tornado and Weather Extremes database of 1950-2010.


 
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