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Alabama Population and Races

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As of 2010, the total population of Alabama is 4,779,736, which is 7.48% more than it was in 2000. The population growth rate is lower than the national average rate of 9.71%. The Alabama population density is 91.18 people per square mile, which is higher than the national average density of 81.32 people per square mile. The most prevalent race in Alabama is white, which represent 68.53% of the total population. The average Alabama education level is lower than the national average.

Topics:Population GrowthPopulation DensityPopulation by RacesPopulation by First AncestryPopulation by GenderPopulation by AgeEducationSchool EnrollmentHousehold and FamilyMarital StatusPlace of Birth and CitizenshipLanguage

Population in 2010: 4,779,736. #23

Population Growth Since 2000, #27


Population Density, #26

91.18 per square mile
81.32 per square mile

Population by Races

White:3,275,394 (68.53%, #38)
Black:1,251,311 (26.18%, #7)
Hispanic:185,602 (3.88%, #40)
Asian:53,595 (1.12%, #44)
Native (American Indian, Alaska Native, Hawaiian Native, etc.):31,275 (0.65%, #26)
One Race, Other:96,910 (2.03%, see rank)
Two or More Races:71,251 (1.49%, see rank)

Hispanic Population
Mexican:122,911 (66.22%, see rank)
Puerto Rican:12,225 (6.59%, see rank)
Cuban:4,064 (2.19%, see rank)
Central American:22,800 (12.28%, see rank)
South American:5,938 (3.20%, see rank)

Asian Population
Indian:13,036 (24.32%, see rank)
Chinese:9,427 (17.59%, see rank)
Filipino:4,952 (9.24%, see rank)
Japanese:2,391 (4.46%, see rank)
Korean:8,320 (15.52%, see rank)
Vietnamese:7,398 (13.80%, see rank)
Asian, Other:7,278 (13.58%, see rank)

*Based on 2010 data. View historical race data.

Population by First Ancestry

3,867,468 (80.95%) out of the total population of 4,777,326 reported first ancestry.

 Alabama% of the Total PopulationU.S.
Arab9,7170.20%, see rank0.53%
Czech4,3880.09%, see rank0.50%
Danish4,7280.10%, see rank0.45%
Dutch51,8631.09%, see rank1.51%
English420,5278.80%, see rank8.53%
French93,7231.96%, see rank3.54%
German357,8977.49%, see rank15.79%
Greek7,6460.16%, see rank0.42%
Hungarian4,9050.10%, see rank0.48%
Irish465,7049.75%, see rank11.36%
Italian82,8061.73%, see rank5.66%
Norwegian15,3740.32%, see rank1.46%
Polish31,9920.67%, see rank3.13%
Portuguese3,4540.07%, see rank0.46%
Russian8,0070.17%, see rank0.97%
Scotch-Irish80,6881.69%, see rank1.07%
Scottish92,3741.93%, see rank1.81%
Subsaharan African35,6340.75%, see rank0.93%
Swedish18,9500.40%, see rank1.34%
Swiss4,8160.10%, see rank0.31%
Ukrainian2,0760.04%, see rank0.31%
American679,06814.21%, see rank6.72%
Welsh18,8350.39%, see rank0.60%

*Based on 2008-2012 data. View historical first ancestry data.

Population by Gender

Male: 2,320,188 (48.54%, see rank)
Females: 2,459,548 (51.46%, see rank)

Male: 48.54%
Female: 51.46%
Male: 49.16%
Female: 50.84%

*Based on 2010 data. View historical gender data.

Population by Age

Median Age (see rank)
37.90 years old
37.20 years old

Median Age, Male (see rank)
36.40 years old
35.80 years old

Median Age, Female (see rank)
39.10 years old
38.50 years old

 Alabama% of the Total PopulationU.S.
Under 5 years304,9576.38%, see rank6.54%
5 to 9 years308,2296.45%, see rank6.59%
10 to 14 years319,6556.69%, see rank6.70%
15 to 19 years343,4717.19%, see rank7.14%
20 to 24 years335,3227.02%, see rank6.99%
25 to 34 years608,92212.74%, see rank13.30%
35 to 44 years619,50112.96%, see rank13.30%
45 to 54 years693,85414.52%, see rank14.58%
55 to 64 years588,03312.30%, see rank11.82%
65 to 74 years370,5017.75%, see rank7.03%
75 to 84 211,6074.43%, see rank4.23%
85 years and over75,6841.58%, see rank1.78%

*Based on 2010 data. View historical age data.

Education for the 25 Years and Over

Total 25 Years and Over Population3,166,424100%204,336,017
Less Than High School551,03017.40%, see rank14.28%
High School Graduate991,40631.31%, see rank28.24%
Some College or Associate Degree918,98729.02%, see rank28.99%
Bachelor Degree448,11714.15%, see rank17.88%
Master, Doctorate, or Professional Degree256,8848.11%, see rank10.61%
USA.com Education Index#13.02, see rank-13.47
# Higher USA.com Education Index means more educated population.

*Based on 2008-2012 data. View historical education level data.

School Enrollment

 Alabama U.S.
Total PublicPrivatePublicPrivate
Nursery School, Preschool, Kindergarten133,49267.27%32.73%70.05%29.95%
Elementary School (Grades 1-8)509,55189.52%, see rank10.48%, see rank89.62%10.38%
High School (Grades 9-12)255,66589.22%, see rank10.78%, see rank90.52%9.48%
College272,35885.27%, see rank14.73%, see rank77.79%22.21%
Graduate School49,73977.27%, see rank22.73%, see rank58.62%41.38%

*Based on 2008-2012 data. View historical school enrollment data.

Household and Family

Total Households1,883,791100%116,716,292
Average Household Size2.48, see rank-2.58
1 Person Households516,69627.43%, see rank26.74%
2 or More Person Households1,367,09572.57%, see rank73.26%
Family Households (Families)1,276,44067.76%, see rank66.43%
Average Family Size3.02, see rank-3.14
Married-Couple Family902,55647.91%, see rank48.42%
Nonfamily Households607,35132.24%, see rank33.57%

*Based on 2010 data. View historical household and family data.

Marital Status of 15 Years and Over

15 Years and Over Total3,844,391see rank248,042,237
Males, 15 Years and Over1,841,356100%, see rank120,789,875
Never Married584,35531.74%, see rank35.08%
Married996,64154.13%, see rank52.93%
Widowed52,8992.87%, see rank2.53%
Divorced207,46111.27%, see rank9.46%
Females, 15 Years and Over2,003,035100%, see rank127,252,362
Never Married517,69325.85%, see rank28.74%
Married998,37749.84%, see rank49.95%
Widowed222,43411.10%, see rank9.34%
Divorced264,53113.21%, see rank11.97%

*Based on 2008-2012 data. View historical marital status data.

Place of Birth and Citizenship

Native4,610,59296.51%, see rank87.13%
Born in the State of Residence3,354,93170.23%, see rank58.71%
Born in Different State1,219,11425.52%, see rank27.04%
Born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island Areas,
or Born Abroad to American Parent(s)
36,5470.77%, see rank1.38%
Foreign Born166,7343.49%, see rank12.87%
Foreign Born with U.S. Citizenship51,0021.07%, see rank5.71%
Foreign Born without U.S. Citizenship115,7322.42%, see rank7.16%
Born In Europe18,4760.39%, see rank1.56%
Born In Asia45,0860.94%, see rank3.67%
Born In Africa6,7680.14%, see rank0.51%
Born In Oceania6700.01%, see rank0.07%
Born In Latin America92,4411.93%, see rank6.79%
Born In Northern America3,2930.07%, see rank0.26%

*Based on 2008-2012 data. View historical place of birth and citizenship data.

Language Spoken at Home

English1,732,27794.27%, see rank79.64%
Spanish61,7283.36%, see rank11.57%
Other Indo-European Languages23,2941.27%, see rank4.61%
Asian and Pacific Islander Languages15,7960.86%, see rank3.24%
Other4,4810.24%, see rank0.94%

*Based on 2008-2012 data. View historical language spoken at home data.

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